Two World Wars and Nuclear Iran
The past should be a warning for the future.


Thomas Sowell

A hundred years ago, in 1913, anyone who might have predicted the monumental, man-made catastrophes that would occur in the rest of the 20th century would have been considered warped, if not completely mentally deranged.

Who would have believed that the continent of Europe, which had not had a major war since Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo, would set off two World Wars that would be incomparably worse than any wars before, anywhere in the world?


Who would have believed that an authoritarian and militaristic regime in Germany and a centuries-old despotic dynasty in Russia would both be toppled — and later replaced by governments even worse, deliberately slaughtering their own people by the millions?

Even harder to believe would have been a prediction that totalitarian Communism, which mismanaged some of the richest natural resources in the world in the Soviet Union and left its people with a standard of living far lower than that in Western Europe, would be seen as a model to follow by other nations.

These nations included China, where the rhetoric of Mao’s “great leap forward” masked the reality of people literally starving to death by the tens of millions. Meanwhile, Mao was greatly admired by many leading intellectuals around the world, even in Western democracies such as the United States.

What is the relevance of all this today? Few people think that we face dangers of comparable magnitudes. Even with a sluggish world economy, we are still far more prosperous than people a hundred years ago. And there has been no major war, anywhere in the world, since World War II.

Yet things looked pretty rosy back in 1913 as well. Europe had an even longer period without a major war than we have had. No one expected an isolated assassination in Sarajevo a year later to set off a chain reaction whose repercussions would reach around the world, with historic consequences.

What can we take away from all this? First of all, the fact that things seem to be going along pretty well does not mean that we can ignore storm clouds on the horizon — of which there are more today than there were in 1913. Second, we must ask the crucial question of whether our leaders have the wisdom, integrity, and commitment to avoid being overwhelmed by events.

The key leader in the events that led to World War I was a man who was chosen — if that is the word — by the accident of birth — Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany. He was a vain and headstrong man pursuing his own vision, heedless of the consequences for the people whose lives were in his hands.

Today, our leader is a man chosen by rhetoric, charisma, and symbolism to be president of the United States. He is also vain, headstrong, and pursuing his own vision, heedless of the consequences for the people whose lives are in his hands.

Events have already overwhelmed President Obama’s foreign policies, most obviously in the Middle East, especially in Libya, Egypt, and Syria. But the biggest test is yet to come, as Iran continues to get closer and closer to having a nuclear bomb.

Whatever Barack Obama’s words, his deeds have been directed less toward stopping Iran from going nuclear than they have been toward stopping Israel from stopping Iran from going nuclear. Now that this has bought Iran enough time to put some of its nuclear facilities deeper underground, there is a serious question of whether Israel is militarily capable of destroying those facilities.

No one can know with certainty why Obama has chosen the path he has chosen. What seems much more certain is that a nuclear Iran — the world’s foremost terrorist nation — is a danger that dwarfs the danger from Kaiser Wilhelm II in World War I and Adolf Hitler in World War II.

It took only two nuclear bombs to force Japan to surrender, and the Japanese in 1945 were a lot tougher than Americans are in 2013. It may seem unthinkable that the United States would ever surrender, but we have not yet seen New York and/or Los Angeles in radioactive ruins. If fanatics are willing to die in a nuclear war but we are not, what is left except surrender?

Alarmist? Some dangers are worth being alarmed over. Politicians’ tendency to kick problems down the road is all the more reason for the rest of us to look ahead before it is too late.

Thomas Sowell is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution. © 2013 Creators Syndicate, Inc.




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