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Four Truths of International Relations
Here’s how President Obama could turn things around in Crimea.

Russian troops stand guard in the Crimean town of Balaclava.

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‘The 1980s are now calling to ask for their foreign policy back,” President Obama told Mitt Romney on October 22, 2012.

And now Ukrainians are calling to ask for their country back.

The pictures tell a tale. Ukrainian Marines besieged in their barracks. Russian troops patrolling ports and towns and entrenching on the border. An empty chair in the Oval Office.

But what we’re witnessing isn’t simply an invasion. It’s a testament to the four defining truths of international relations.


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1. States act in their own interests.

Rarely in the 21st century has such an important truth been so regularly ignored by so many.

Informed by a never-ending paper phalanx of international-relations theorists, the political fashion now declares power politics to be a thing of the past. “Mutual reliance” and “global complexity” are the buzzwords or “norms” of the new world order.

Yet the evidence is clear. Lip service to multilateral interdependence does not make interdependence real. Putin has invaded Crimea because he believes it’s in Russia’s interests to do so.

But it’s not just Putin who encapsulates this first truth. The EU’s waffling reaction to the invasion, though little noted, has been instructive to watch.

Take Germany. Faced with a choice between the norm of human rights and risking continued access to Russian energy supplies, Germany’s answer has been unequivocal.

Russia, Germany’s foreign minister has explained, must be allowed to remain in the G8.


2. Circumstances are shaped by those who hold the initiative.

Consider the contrast. Putin sends military forces to seize Ukrainian territory. NATO calls for him to withdraw. President Obama promises standard-fare vague consequences. Putin consolidates.

What Putin has done here is to seize and retain the initiative.

He’s gambling that the international community is too divided to act — too weak. Where the rest of the world is rudderless, allowing desperation and fear to corrupt opportunities for good policy, Putin is certain in his agenda: He wants Crimea under Russia’s orbit of power. And he wants Ukraine’s new government to know that, revolution or no revolution, he’ll challenge any effort that seeks his alienation.

Putin is shaping this crisis on his terms.


3. America is the world’s indispensable power.

“American exceptionalism” has become the bogey phrase of the modern era. Seen as an excuse for imperialism by the global Left and derided as egotistical propaganda by American isolationists, it is under consistent attack.

Yet, in the end, the exceptionality of America is also clear.

Without America, Ukraine is slowly being torn apart. The EU pontificates. China takes notes for its own ambitions in the Pacific. The emerging powers of Brazil and India apparently couldn’t care less. And the rest of the world is silent. But just as American power is the critical component of global order, the absence of our power is the portal to despotism.




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