Demographics Isn’t Destiny
Memo to Republicans: Your constituents care more about the local high school than about Yemen.


Kevin D. Williamson

The Washington Post has published its annual list of “America’s Most Challenging High Schools,” and there are two with which I am intimately familiar: One is my own alma mater, Lubbock High School (No. 630), and the other is Lower Merion High School (No. 1,318), with which I became well-acquainted as the editor of the local newspaper. Both achieve excellent results, but the two schools, and the two communities they serve, could not be more different.

What Lubbock High and Lower Merion have in common is excellent four-year graduation rates (90 percent and 96 percent, respectively) and solid SAT/ACT averages (1,637/22.7 and 1,728/25.6). Neither school is particularly up to date in the physical-plant department: LHS students attend classes in an 80-year-old building (the class of 1991 managed without air-conditioning), while Lower Merion students make do with a structure more than a century old. Neither school has an especially large special-ed population (10 percent and 12 percent). Both are National Blue Ribbon schools.

There are some differences: LHS is a considerably larger school (2,137 students vs. 1,286), and LHS offers 35 Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate courses, while Lower Merion offers only 20. And Lower Merion enjoys an enormous advantage in the share of its graduates attending four-year colleges: 93 percent for the Aces, only 60 percent for the Westerners. It would be more interesting to compare the rate of college graduation rather than enrollment, but the figure is not without some interest. Lubbock High students enjoy (sometimes, rather too much, if memory serves) a four-day academic week; they spend more minutes in the classroom than do students with a five-day week but have their Fridays mornings free to pursue extracurricular interests (I spent mine at the school newspaper) or to get extra academic help if needed — and the weekend starts at noon. (I would wager that a very large share of teen pregnancies at LHS are conceived between the hours of noon and 5 p.m. on Fridays.) Lower Merion boasts that 94 percent of its staff have graduate degrees, and it maintains a program to provide students with laptop computers.

The academic opportunities offered by Lubbock High and Lower Merion would be the envy of a great many public-school families across the country. But there are some further differences between the schools that are illuminating: Lower Merion is on Philadelphia’s storied Main Line, the last redoubt of the blueblood WASP establishment, an extraordinarily wealthy community in which most of the students’ parents are college graduates themselves and where local enthusiasms run to polo, steeplechase, and dressage. Lubbock is an odd mix of cotton farmers and people associated with Texas Tech University. Lubbock is a college town in which only 29 percent of those over 25 have a bachelor’s degree; its median household income is $42,584, and its poverty rate is 21 percent. In Lower Merion, 62 percent of those over 25 have a bachelor’s degree; its median household income is $68,849, and its poverty rate is less than half Lubbock’s. Some 62 percent of Lubbock High’s students are eligible for subsidized lunch programs, while only 11 percent of Lower Merion’s students are eligible.

The communities’ finances being as different as they are, it is not surprising that at $26,000 per year, Lower Merion annually spends more than three times per student what Lubbock does. And the schools are as ethnically different as they are economically different. Lower Merion students are 87 percent white or Asian; Lubbock High students are 62 percent Hispanic or black.


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