Frank J. Gaffney Jr.

Frank Gaffney began his public-service career in the 1970s, working as an aide in the office of Democratic senator Henry M. Jackson, under Richard Perle. From August 1983 until November 1987, Gaffney held the position of deputy assistant secretary of defense for nuclear forces and arms-control policy in the Reagan administration, again serving under Perle. In April 1987, he was nominated to the position of U.S. assistant secretary of defense for international security policy, serving as the acting assistant secretary for seven months, though his confirmation was ultimately blocked by the U.S. Senate. In 1988, Gaffney established the Center for Security Policy (CSP), a neoconservative national security and defense policy organization.