Murder in the Netherlands
How often do doctors kill patients without their consent in the Netherlands?
One-quarter of assisted suicides, according to this survey. But only slightly less than 2 percent of all deaths are euthanasia/assisted suicides:
In 2005, of all deaths in the Netherlands, 1.7% were the result of euthanasia and 0.1% were the result of physician-assisted suicide. These percentages were significantly lower than those in 2001, when 2.6% of all deaths resulted from euthanasia and 0.2% from assisted suicide. Of all deaths, 0.4% were the result of the ending of life without an explicit request by the patient. Continuous deep sedation was used in conjunction with possible hastening of death in 7.1% of all deaths in 2005, significantly increased from 5.6% in 2001. In 73.9% of all cases of euthanasia or assisted suicide in 2005, life was ended with the use of neuromuscular relaxants or barbiturates; opioids were used in 16.2% of cases. In 2005, 80.2% of all cases of euthanasia or assisted suicide were reported. Physicians were most likely to report their end-of-life practices if they considered them to be an act of euthanasia or assisted suicide, which was rarely true when opioids were used are without the consent of the patient, according to doctors’ report.
I imagine doctors who euthanize patients without their consent are somewhat less than likely to report they do this, so these are underestimates.