Germany today is a democracy which doesn’t threaten its neighbors. This is largely because it underwent an intensive and successful program of de-Nazification.
But Russian society has yet to fully acknowledge, understand and condemn Stalin’s crimes. Unless it does so, it may not be able to “save the democratic processes that started” after the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union, as historian Nikita Petrov makes clear in this article:
100 Volumes of History To Shed Light on StalinBy Bagila BukharbayevaThe Associated Press
Historians have announced the start of a project to increase understanding of Soviet dictator Josef Stalin’s rule and help Russians come to terms with one of the grimmest pages of their history.
The project’s ambitious aim is to publish 100 volumes by Russian and foreign historians in the next three years. The first five books were issued last week.
“There still has been no legal assessment of Stalin’s terror, of the Soviet system’s crimes,” historian Nikita Petrov, one of the contributors to the project, said. “We have not bothered to analyze that bloodshed and its legacy.”
Russians must understand and condemn Stalin’s crimes if they want to “save the democratic processes that we’ve started” since the 1991 Soviet collapse, he said.
President Vladimir Putin, a former KGB officer, has rolled back the country’s democratic achievements, restored Soviet-era symbols and tried to soften public perceptions of Stalin.
In June, he told history teachers that although Stalin’s political purges were one of the most notorious episodes of the Soviet era, Russia should not be made to feel guilty because “in other countries even worse things happened.”
In a new book for history teachers commissioned by the Kremlin, Stalin is portrayed as an effective manager.
… Also in the book, published earlier this year, the United States is cast as an evil power seeking world dominance.
Under Stalin, who ruled from 1922 until his death in 1953, hundreds of thousands were branded enemies of the state and executed. Millions more became inmates of the gulag, the system of thousands of slave labor camps.
“We have not gotten over Stalinism yet because we have not yet come to understand it fully,” said Arseny Rochinsky, a member of Memorial, a nongovernmental organization that studies Stalin’s repressions.“Look around, all the attributes of Stalinism are still here,” he said. Rochinsky cited the Kremlin’s intolerance of dissent and hunt for external and internal enemies and the lack of an independent judicial system…