How should we handle ourselves in an occupied Baghdad? If we delegate too much authority to Saddam’s Baath Party bureaucrats and their minions, there could be serious trouble. Up to now, this issue has been approached as a question of whether and how, over the coming years, to democratize Iraq. But Martin Kramer points out that big problems may come immediately on the heels of an invasion. If history is any guide, unless the United States quickly gains control of local policing, score settling and massacres will follow. That could easily tarnish even a successful invasion.