Harry Truman would have liked Dick Gephardt. They both sprang from Missouri’s machine politics, both fervently supported organized labor, and both believed in activist federal government in service of the American people. They were also both patriots. Truman won his battle for the soul of the Democratic party in 1948, when he held the party together against challenges from Communist sympathizers (Henry Wallace) and die-hard segregationists (Strom Thurmond). William Kristol explains that Gephardt and other patriotic Democrats face a similar challenge in today, against a large faction of the party that is fundamentally hostile to the war on terrorism and which does not wish for American success in the war in Iraq.