The British oil giant has given more than $308 million to individuals and businesses so far but it is feared conmen are fraudulently claiming to be fishermen to receive payouts.
In order to claim compensation from BP, fishermen must prove they hold a commercial fishing license, which can be obtained from the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries (LDWF).
The LDWF has seen a steep rise in the number of licence applications since the spill – despite many fishing grounds being closed due to the disaster. The trend is thought to be a result of fraudsters trying to milk the system.
It said it has sold 2,200 licences since oil started leaking into the sea following the explosion on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig – an increase of nearly 60 per cent on the same period last year.
Lt Col Jeff Mayne of the LDWF Law Enforcement Division says some of those licences may have been used to commit fraud.
“Originally BP was paying to cheques to just anybody who had a licence and that may have spurred some of the fraud,” he told the BBC. “There were no real checks and balances on whether they were they really commercial fishermen.
“I would like to say I’m surprised, but I’m not. It’s a lot easier to go and steal a resource than to rob a bank. I think we’ll be working items associated with this oil spill for years to come.”
Evidence of the fraudsters techniques to undermine the system have also been reported by genuine fishermen.
Oysterman Pete Vujnovich, from Barataria Bay, said he had recently been approached by two strangers asking him to sign documents saying they had worked for him.
“Of course, I didn’t sign,” he said. “Some of the other boat captains have been offered a thousand dollars to sign a piece of paper vouching for other people.”
BP admitted it is “likely” that its compensation scheme had been abused by fraudsters.