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The Butler

Forest Whitaker portrays White House butler Cecil Gaines in director Lee Daniels's film The Butler. The film is a fictionalized account of the career of Eugene Allen.

<i>The Butler</i>

Uploaded: Aug. 18, 2013


Movie Memories: The Wizard of Oz
Aug. 27, 2014
This month marks the 75th anniversary of the release of the classic fantasy film The Wizard of Oz in 1939, one of the most beloved films from Hollywood’s golden era. Here’s a look back the film’s history and production.
Adapted from the fantasy novels of L. Frank Baum, The Wizard of Oz tells the tale of a young Kansas farmgirl (played by Judy Garland) who is whisked away by a cyclone to a magical land called Oz, where she is embroiled in a power struggle with a wicked witch as she attempts to find her way back home.
Along the way, young Dorothy and her little dog Toto teams up with three companions — a cowardly lion, a tin woodsman, and a scarecrow — who aid her in her quest.
As famous as the film now is, it was not a huge box-office success on its initial release. The film's large budget — at more than $2.7 million the most expensive MGM production to that time — and average ticket prices of 25 cents (only 10-15 cents for younger moviegoers) meant it did not see a profit for almost a decade.
The Wizard of Oz was nominated for six Academy Awards, including Best Picture, but lost to Gone With the Wind. In recognition of its sumptuous design and colors, the film’s cinematography, art direction, and special effects were also nominated.
Ironically, the one Oscar the film did win — best original song for “Over the Rainbow” — almost didn’t happen because the studio considered cutting the scene, fearing it slowed the film down.
The Wizard of Oz was re-released in 1949 and 1955, and by then Garland’s star has risen enough to help the film attract new viewers.
What ultimately made the film a cultural institution was the new medium of television. Oz was first broadcast in 1956, drawing a massive audience of 45 million viewers. After a second airing in 1959, a deal was struck to show the film annually, and it quickly became a veritable national holiday.
In 1989, The Wizard of Oz was among the first batch of films added to the National Film Registry, an archive of films deemed “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.”
SUMMARY JUDGMENT: Early reviews of the film were largely positive, and praised the film’s lavish sets and eye-popping design.
Frank Nugent, The New York Times: “Not since Disney's Snow White has anything quite so fantastic succeeded half so well. A fairybook tale has been told in the fairybook style, with witches, goblins, pixies and other wondrous things drawn in the brightest colors and set cavorting to a merry little score.”
John C. Flinn, Variety: "Nothing comparable has come out of Hollywood in the past few years to approximate the lavish scale of this filmusical extravaganza, in the making of which the ingenuity and inventiveness of technical forces were employed without stint of effort or cost. … Some of the scenic passages are so beautiful in design and composition as to stir audiences by their sheer unfoldment."
Roger Ebert, writing in 1996, observed: “The Wizard of Oz has a wonderful surface of comedy and music, special effects and excitement, but we still watch it six decades later because its underlying story penetrates straight to the deepest insecurities of childhood, stirs them and then reassures them.”
In a more humorous vein, a 2012 a capsule description of the film posted on Turner Classic Movie’s website quicklywent viral. Read the review: “Transported to a surreal landscape, a young girl kills the first person she meets and then teams up with three strangers to kill again.”
OZ ON SCREEN: The 1939 film was actually the fourth time the L. Frank Baum story had been adapted to the big screen. The first was a 13-minute silent version entitled The Wonderful Wizard of Oz released in 1910.
In 1925, a young Andy Hardy — later of the Laurel & Hardy comedy duo — played the Tin Woodsman (at right) in another silent version.
A nine-minute animated version was also release in 1933. Though produced in color, the short was released in black-and-white because the production did not have the proper license from Technicolor.
The Wizard of Oz has never been formally remade or “reimagined,” though several subsequent releases have explored more of L. Frank Baum’s universe — comprised of 15 books — including 1985’s Return to Oz, which starred Fairuza Balk as Dorothy.
Oz the Great and Powerful starred James Franco as the titular wizard, exploring the characters back story and discovery of the land of Oz.
ON THE SET: The Wizard of Oz was a large and technically complex production filled with then state-of-the-art makeup, costumes, and special effects.
20th Century Fox had wanted Shirley Temple to play Dorothy, but her singing chops posed a problem. Fox ended up losing the film rights to rival studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer — who paid the then-astronomical sum of $75,000 —and Judy Garland, a young contract player at the studio, got the role.
The final costume test for Garland. Producers had earlier tried a look with a blonde wig.
Costume test for Margaret Hamilton as the Wicked Witch of the West, without the green makeup that would be her hallmark. Though playing an old witch, Hamilton was only 36 at the time.
Hamilton as she appeared in the film film. Many scenes featuring the Wicked Witch of the West were cut because producers feared they would be too frightening for young children.
Actor Buddy Ebsen was initially cast as the Tin Woodsman and completed some scenes, but had to bow out due to an allergic reaction to the silver makeup. Pictured, a makeup and costume test for Ebsen.
Actor Jack Haley in costume and makeup as the Tin Woodsman in the final film.
Makeup test for actor Ray Bolger’s Scarecow.
Bolger with Garland in their first scene.
Burt Lahr’s Cowardly Lion costume was knitted from actual lion fur and weighed nearly 100 pounds, which kept the actor unbearably hot under the huge stage lights.
Dorothy’s dog Toto was played by a female dog named Terry, and was paid $125 per week — while the actors playing the residents of Munchkinland only received a reported $50 a week. For her part, star Judy Garland was paid $500 a week.
Judy Garland, Ray Bolger, Burt Lahr, and Jack Haley go over their lines on the set.
The Wizard of Oz had two directors, with Victor Fleming handling the Technicolor scenes set in Oz, and King Vidor overseeing the bookend black-and-white sequences set in Kansas. Pictured, Fleming with Garland on the Munchkinland set.
Ray Bolger (at left) sits in on a meting with director Victor Fleming, choreographer Bobby Connolly, and producer Mervyn LeRoy.
Fleming (seated at right) talks with the actors during shooting of the poppy field scene.
Fleming talks with Garland and Bolger between takes.
A bus ferries the Munchkinland cast to the set in a publicity stunt to drum up interest in the film during production. The actors were later given a collective star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
A wardrobe technician sorts through some of the hundreds of costumes used for the Munchkinland scenes.
Garland takes a break on the backlot with some of the film’s Munchkin players.
Today in History: "The Big Stick"
Aug. 27, 2014
AUGUST 27, 1942: The battleship USS Iowa launches, the last lead ship of any American battleship class. Known as “The Big Stick” for her nine 16-inch Mark 7 main guns, Iowa would serve in both the Atlantic and Pacific theaters during WWII and was present at the Japanese surrender. She later in Korea, and came out of retirement in the mid-1980s to counter the growing Soviet naval threat.
1962: NASA launches Mariner 2 probe, which becomes the first man-made spacecraft to rendezvous with another planet when it passes within 22,000 miles of Venus four months later. Mariner 2 did not carry a camera because of Venus’s dense cloud cover, but it did provide the first detailed measurements of the Venutian atmosphere.
1883: A series of massive eruptions obliterate the volcanic island of Krakatoa in Indonesia, creating a sound heard up to 3,000 miles away, a pressure wave that circles the Earth seven times, and disrupting the global climate for years. Huge pyroclastic flows create massive tsunamis that kill more than 36,000 people on nearby coastlines, with some estimates of the toll far higher.
1776: British forces under General William Howe attack the Continental Army under General George Washington at the first and largest battle of the Revolutionary War. Dug in on Manhattan island, Washington found himself surrounded and outnumbered, and after several days of fighting withdrew his Army from the field, allowing the British to take control of New York.
AUGUST 25, 1944: The German garrison in Paris surrenders to allied forces after a six-day final assault, signaling the liberation of the city after five years of occupation. The next day, victorious allied troops stage a massive parade down the Champs Élysées even as German snipers still pose a threat. A long fight against German forces in eastern France still lay ahead.
1916: The National Park Service is formed within the Department of the Interior under director Stephen Mather (pictured) to conserve and manage the growing system of parks and national heritage sites. Nearly a century later the agency administers more than 450 parks and thousands of other sites and landmarks on 84 million acres of public land.
AUGUST 22, 1485: After more than two decades, the bloody War of the Roses culminates at the Battle of Bosworth Field, where Henry Tudor defeats the army of King Richard III, who is killed in the fighting. The victory propels Henry to the throne as Henry VI and establishes the Tudor dynasty that would rule England for more than a century.
1864: The Geneva Convention adopts accords providing for the non-partisan care for sick and wounded soldiers during wartime and honoring the neutrality of medical personnel. The convention also adopts a red cross on white background as the symbol that will identify medics on the battlefield, a nod to Swiss humanitarian Jean-Henri Dunant’s advocacy of the accords.
AUGUST 21, 1858: The first of seven debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas takes place in Ottawa, Ill., as the two vie for the state’s seat in the U.S. Senate. Slavery would dominate the debates, with Douglas favoring a state’s rights approach while Lincoln supported limiting any further expansion. Lincoln loses the election, but the debates fuel his presidential bid two years later.
1863: Captain William Quantrill leads his Quantrill’s Raiders, a Confederate guerrilla force of about 450 — among them future outlaws Frank and Jesse James — in an attack on Lawrence, Kan., in revenge for the city’s support of abolition and militias who raided pro-slavery areas of Missouri. Quantrills’ men massacre more than 150 residents and set fire to 185 buildings.
1831: Nat Turner leads a revolt with seven fellow slaves on a Virginia plantation, murdering more than 60 whites over the next two days. Turner had hoped to rally others to his cause, but the rebellion was quickly put down, and in the aftermath hundreds of blacks were killed or executed; Turner was caught and hanged six weeks later. The rebellion resulted in a rash of new restrictions on slave life.
AUGUST 20, 1998: President Bill Clinton orders cruise missile strikes against Al-Qaeda training camps in Afghanistan and a purported chemical weapons plant in Sudan in retaliation for the bombings of two American embassies. The strikes fail to take out Osama bin Laden, and critics noted the similarity to politically-motivated misdirection portrayed in the film Wag the Dog.
1977: NASA launches the Voyager 2 space probe on a mission to explore the outer solar system. Launched before its sister ship, Voyager 2 remains the only probe to have visited all the outer gas giants: Jupiter (in 1979), Saturn (1981), Uranus (1986), and Neptune (1989). She is currently headed to the Kuiper belt and the outer boundaries of the solar system.
1794: Revolutionary War hero General “Mad” Anthony Wayne wins a decisive victory over a British-backed confederation of Indian tribes at the Battle of Fallen Timbers near present-day Toledo. The victory clears the way for the expansion of settlements into what would become Ohio and the upper midwest territories and puts an end to British influence in the region.
AUGUST 19, 1812: The USS Constitution, one of the original ships of war built by the American Navy to protect the fledgling nation, defeats the British frigate HMS Guerrière in a fierce battle off the coast of Nova Scotia. During the fight, 18-pound British cannonballs were seen bouncing off Constitution’s sturdy 25-inch thick oak hull, lending the ship its nickname “Old Ironsides.”
1914: Speaking before the US. Senate, President Woodrow Wilson argues that the nation must stay neutral in the conflict brewing in Europe. But after Germany violates pledges to restrict submarine warfare and entices Mexico into an alliance against the U.S., Wilson returns to Congress on April 4, 1917, to request a declaration of war on Germany; the House grants it two days later.
AUGUST 18, 1227: Mongol ruler Genghis Khan dies. Khan organized the warring tribes of the harsh Mongolian steppes into a highly disciplined and mobile army and conquered an empire that stretched across Central Asia from China to the Caspian Sea. Khan’s heirs extended their rule across China and Persia and drove as far west as the Danube River, the largest land empire in human history.
1920: Tennessee narrowly ratifies the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution, giving it the two-thirds majority needed to become the law of the land. The amendment, which outlawed the restriction of voting rights by sex, was the culminaton of a campaign for women’s suffrage that began more than 70 years earlier.
1587: Virginia Dare is born at the Roanoke Colony, the first child born to English parents in the Americas. The colony was first founded in 1585 by settlers sponsored by Sir Walter Raleigh, but supply problems and Indian attacks drove them back to England. A second colony was begun in 1587, but when governor John White returned with supplies three years later, everyone had vanished.
AUGUST 15, 1969: The Woodstock Music & Art Fair gets underway near Bethel, N.Y., drawing more than 400,000 young people to a three-day gathering that would transform from a concert to become, for good and bad, a defining moment for the Sixties counterculture. More than 30 top acts perform at the event, where free love and copious drug use overcome rainy and poor planning.
1979: Francis Ford Coppola’s Vietnam film Apocalypse Now opens in U.S. theaters. Transplanting the story of Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness from Africa to Southeast Asia, Coppola’s violent and vivid anti-war war film combined documentary detail with a mythic dreamscape of soldiers slowly going mad in the primordial jungle. As Coppola told critics: “It’s not about Vietnam. It is Vietnam.”
1914: After a decade of construction in the unforgiving jungles and mountains, the Panama Canal opens its massive system of locks to commercial traffic, inaugurating a new route from the Atlantic to the Pacific that would redefine international shipping. Handling just 1,000 ships in its first year, a century later annual traffic tops 14,000.
AUGUST 14, 1784: Russian fur trader Grigory Shelikhov founds the first permanent Russian settlement in Alaska. The operations of the Russian American Company would later range as far south as modern-day California, but after the Crimean War bankrupted Russia, they went looking for a buyer, and in 1867 the purchase of Alaska— dubbed “Seward’s Folly” — was closed for $7.2 million.
1997: Militia-movement sympathizer Timothy McVeigh is sentenced to death for his role in the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995. The massive explosion killed 167 people and injured more than 600, and remains the worst act of domestic terrorism in U.S. history. McVeigh was executed on June 11, 2001.
1980: Dockworkers seize the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, Poland, to demand the right to unionize after the Communist government announces new austerity measures. Among the strikers was labor leader Lech Walesa, who galvanized the workers into a broader labor movement known as Solidarity and a decade later would be elected Poland’s first non-Communist post-war president.
1945: President Harry S. Truman announces the unconditional surrender of the empire of Japan, bringing an end to the Second World War. The next day, Japanese citizens would hear the voice of Emperor Hirohito for the first time as he announced the end of the war. The formal surrender would took place on September 2 aboard USS Missouri (pictured).
AUGUST 13, 1899: Horror-film maestro Alfred Hitchcock is born in London’s East End, growing up amid talk of the then-recent killings by Jack the Ripper. Hitchcock began his storied movie career in England during the silent era before moving to Hollywood in 1939, where he created such scream-cinema masterpieces as Psycho, Rear Window, and Vertigo.
1942: Walt Disney’s classic animated feature film Bambi debuts in theaters. A high-point of the animator’s lush hand-drawn tradition, the film was filled with numerous magical animal characters that enchanted young and old audiences. Though aimed at children, the film did not shy away from portraying the tragic death of Bambi’s mother.
1934: The comic strip Li’l Abner debuts, chronicling the lives of a fictional clan of hillbillies living in the Appalachian town of Dogpatch, Kentucky. Al Capp’s creation used broad caricatures of impoverished Southern society and slang-heavy dialogue to satirize American life and politics. The strip ran for 43 years and gave birth to the Sadie Hawkins Day dance tradition.
AUGUST 12, 1961: East Germany begins construction of what it calls the “Anti-Fascist Protection Rampart,” better known as the Berlin Wall. The barbed-wire and cinderblock barrier was officially meant to keep out Western influence but in reality was an attempt to stem the massive tide of defections. Steadily enlarged in the following years, the wall became a hated symbol of Communist oppression.
2000: Two catastrophic explosions inside the Russian nuclear missile submarine Kursk send the massive boat to the bottom of the Barents Sea with 118 crewmen on board. Russian naval authorities are slow to locate the wreck and begin rescue operations, resulting in unprecedented public rebukes. A later investigation determines the entire crew were dead within eight hours.
1981: Business-computing titan IBM introduces the IBM PC, which will push mainstream acceptance of computer use to new heights and create an industry standard that will dominate the market for more than two decades. The PC’s success proves a kingmaker for Microsoft, which supplied the operating system, and a setback for Apple Computer, which had dominated the industry’s early years.
1944: Navy Lieutenant Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. — pictured at right with younger brother John Kennedy in 1942 — is killed in the skies over England. Kennedy’s mission was to fly a bomber carrying ten tons of explosives partway to its target in France before arming the weapons and bailing out, with the aircraft continuing via remote control. But the detonator ignited prematurely, destroying his aircraft.
AUGUST 11, 1984: During a sound check prior to his weekly radio address, President Ronald Reagan jokes: “My fellow Americans, I'm pleased to tell you today that I've signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes.” The comment causes consternation among Reagan’s critics and grist for the Soviet propaganda mill.
1965: The arrest of a young black man in Los Angeles turns violent, sparking a quickly escalating battle between mostly black residents and mostly white police later dubbed the Watts Riots. Over six days of widespread violence and looting, 34 people are killed and more than 1,000 injured as massive fires tear through whole city blocks, causing some $40 million in property damage.
AUGUST 8, 1974: In a televised address to the nation Richard Nixon announces he will resign the office of president. Facing three articles of impeachment in the House, Nixon had just two days earlier been forced to release White House audio tapes that implicated him in obstruction of justice in the Watergate investigation. The next day he departed Washington for California.
1863: A month after the disastrous defeat at the Battle of Gettysburg — where nearly a third of the Southern Army had been lost — Confederate General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation to President Jefferson Davis. Lee questioned his own leadership skills and admitted to a profound fatigue after two years of war. But Davis would refuse, and Lee would stay in command for two more years.
AUGUST 7, 1782: General George Washington creates the Badge of Military Merit to honor the heroism of soldiers fighting in his Continental Army, though he would only present the decoration to three soldiers during the Revolutionary War. The badge’s embroidered heart design would later influence its official successor, the Purple Heart, which bears Washington’s profile on its face.
1964: Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution granting President Lyndon Johnson wide-ranging power to combat communist aggression in Southeast Asia. Johnson received near-unanimous support for the resolution and quickly began prosecuting the war in Vietnam, but later revelations cast doubt on the facts surrounding the incident that precipitated it.
1959: Explorer 6 transmits the first photographic image of the Earth taken from orbit, inaugurating a new era in satellite observation and reconnaissance. The spacecraft’s photocell scanner snapped the crude image during a relatively short operational life in orbit and took nearly 40 minutes to transmit it down to scientists at Cape Canaveral.
AUGUST 6, 1945: The B-29 bomber Enola Gay drops the first atomic bomb on an enemy target, incinerating the port city of Hiroshima, Japan, at 8:15 a.m local time. The “Little Boy” device detonates 1,900 feet over the ground with an explosive force of 16 kilotons, killing between 70,000 and 80,000 people in the initial blast and igniting fires across a more than four square-mile area.
1965: President Lyndon Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act, outlawing restrictions on voter access to any local, state, or federal election on the basis of race and attacking a key institution of segregation, as civil-rights icons Dr. Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks look on. Voting turnout in black communities rises significantly in the following years.
1890: Convicted murderer William Kemmler becomes the first person executed by electrocution when the sentence is carried out at Auburn prison in New York. Electrocution was meant to be a humane alternative to hanging, the dominant form of capital punishment at that time, but the grisly duration of Kemmler’s death proved the means was far from ideal.
AUGUST 5, 1962: Actress Marilyn Monroe is found dead at her home in Los Angeles in a tragic end to a storybook career that saw her become one of Hollywood’s brightest lights. First noticed in 1950’s The Asphalt Jungle, Monroe quickly rose to superstardom with roles in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and Some Like It Hot, and was linked romantically with President John Kennedy.
1981: President Ronald Reagan begins laying off air-traffic controllers two days after some 13,000 had gone on strike over working conditions. The action slowed air traffic for months, but the FAA quickly began hiring new workers and on October 22 controllers’ union, PATCO, was decertified.
1861: The first federal income tax is instituted to help pay for the men and materials needed to fight the Civil War, with the Revenue Act mandating a 3% charge on nearly any income over $800. Congress would repeal the tax in 1871, but in 1909 the 16th Amendment established the basis of the federal income-tax system that survives to this day.
AUGUST 4, 1944: Ann Frank and her family are discovered in the secret Amsterdam hiding place where they had evaded the Nazi occupation for two years. Anne and her sister Margot were later sent to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where they both died in March 1945. Frank’s story would gain worldwide attention after the posthumous publication of the diary she kept while in hiding.
1987: The Federal Communication Commission rescinds the “Fairness Doctrine” that had required radio and television stations using public airwaves to devote time to public-interest topics and allot balanced time to opposing views. But the perceived need for diverse viewpoints was increasingly being met by proliferating cable channels. One result of the rescission was the rise of talk radio.
AUGUST 1, 1988: Rush Limbaugh debuts his daily radio broadcast to a nationwide audience, quickly attracting a large segment of listeners — later dubbed “Dittoheads” — who flock to his conservative political commentary and analysis. As his influence on political debates grew, Limbaugh would find himself attacked by major politicians including President Bill Clinton.
1981: The basic cable channel MTV Music Television begins broadcasting from New York, with its first music-video “Video Killed the Radio Star” by The Buggles. MTV quickly changed the promotion of popular music and by extension the music industry itself with its popular video programming, though critics would charge it favored visuals over musical quality.
1790: The federal government conducts the first nationwide census of the United States as mandated by the Constitution, finding a population of 3.9 million living in the country’s sixteen states, districts, and territories — a figure both President Washington and Secretary of State Jefferson disputed as too low. The census resulted in the increase of the House of Representatives from 69 seats to 105.
Mods Return to Brighton
Aug. 27, 2014
Classic scooters descended on the English seaside city of Brighton over the weekend for an annual gathering celebrating the 1960’s “Mod” movement. This year also marks the 50th anniversary of the infamous “Battle of Brighton” youth riots. Here’s a look at the weekend fair and the 1964 unrest.
Brighton has become the spiritual home of modern-day Mod enthusiasts, and the city welcomed the tenth edition of the annual gathering of scooter enthusiasts, which drew thousands of participants and spectators to the quiet beachfront community.
A lively market featuring memorabilia, live music, and period fashions added to the rumble of hundreds of custom-modified scooters, the iconic two-wheel symbol of the Mod movement.
Attendees enjoy some of the hundreds of scooters that made the trip to Brighton.
The weekend was a chance for aging enthusiasts to gather and celebrate the Mod culture and legacy — even if their hard-partying years are well behind them.
BRITISH BLING: A central element of the Mod culture was extensive customization of scoters, with riders adding numerous lights and mirrors to the basic vehicles. According to lore this was a deliberate over-reaction to the excessive regulations imposed on scooters.
Fast and furious fashion on display in Brighton.
Born (quite a few decades ago) to be wild...
Taking in the sights.
Enthusiasts can spend thousands of pounds outfitting their scooters.
The weekend culminated in a “ride-out” of scooters along the South Downs coast in Sussex.
“BATTLE OF BRIGHTON”: The clash of youth cultures between Mods and rival Rockers came to a head over the August bank holiday weekend of 1964, when as many as 3,000 youths descended on Brighton and nearby communities. The resulting disturbances became known as the “Battle of Brighton.”
Mods were known for wearing designer suits and parka jackets, dancing to The Who, and driving imported Vespa and Lambretta scooters which had become a popular form of cheap personal transportation during tough economic times.
Rockers followed a more American model patterned on biker films, listening to rock acts such as Elvis Presley, wearing leather jackets and outfits, and riding full-sized motorcycles.
A massive crowd of Mods and Rockers spills onto the beach at Brighton.
The two groups often clashed during encounters in larger cities such as London, and that antagonism exploded at Brighton as thousands rioted on the beach and in the streets.
Mods throw beach gear, creating chaos in the quiet seaside tourist attraction.
A wild scene on the Brighton beach.
Hundreds of youths in both camps were injured and arrested as the fighting escalated to looting and property destruction of local businesses, terrifying weekend tourists.
Melees spilled onto the side streets of Brighton as police attempted to impose order.
The violence lasted over several days and spread to nearby cities.
British newspapers ran shocked headlines about the very un-British behavior of the two youth groups.
The mod culture and the riots at Brighton were dramatized in the 1979 film Quadrophenia, which was adapted from a rock opera by The Who. The group's music was a favorite of Mod youths in the ‘60s.
A scooter rider at this weekend’s Brighton event wears a coat emblazoned with a logo for The Who.
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Emmy Awards Red Carpet
Aug. 26, 2014
The famous faces of television turned out for the 66th Primetime Emmy Awards at the Nokia Theater in Los Angeles on Monday. Here’s a look at the top-flight designer fashion on the red carpet. Pictured, Taylor Schilling, best comedy actress nominee for Orange Is the New Black, strikes a pose.
Modern Family actress Sofia Vergara with a crowd of photographers.
Kerry Washington, drama lead actress nominee for Scandal, waves to her fans.
Kelly Osbourne sports a new purple ‘do.
Julia Roberts, miniseries supporting actress nominee for The Normal Heart, is all smiles.
Game of Thrones actress Natalie Dormer finds the Emmy statue just off the red carpet.
Mad Men actress Teyonah Parris gives her Christian Siriano dress a wave.
Orange Is the New Black actress Dascha Polanco grabs a quick pic.
William H. Macy, best comedy actor nominee for Shameless, snaps a selfie with wife Felicity Huffman.
Justin Mikita and Jesse Tyler Ferguson, supporting comedy actor nominee for Modern Family, take their own pics as Heidi Klum poses for the professionals.
Matthew McConaughey, best drama actor nominee for True Detective, poses with wife Camila Alves.
Stop, pose, next ... stop, pose, next ... Traffic flows briskly on the red carpet (from left): Anna Gunn, best drama supporting actress nominee for Breaking Bad, and Debra Messing.
Mason Vale Cotton (left) and Robert Morse are sharp-dressed men.
Halle Berry wore Elie Saabdusty.
Mayim Bialik wore Oliver Tolentino.
Julie Bowen wore Peter Som.
Betsy Brandt
Lizzy Caplan wore Donna Karan Atelier.
Anna Chlumsky wore Zac Posen.
Kaley Cuoco-Sweeting wore Monique Lhullier.
Alexandra Daddario wore Reem Acra.
Claire Danes wore Givenchy.
Viola Davis wore Escada.
Zooey Deschanel wore Oscar de la Renta.
Natalie Dormer wore J. Mendel.
Julia Louis-Dreyfus wore Carolina Herrera.
Lena Dunham wore Giambattista Valli.
Edie Falco
Anna Gunn wore Jenny Packham.
Lena Headey
Katherine Heigl wore John Hayles.
Christina Hendricks wore Marchesa.
Julianne Hough
Sarah Hyland wore Christian Siriano.
January Jones wore Lanvin.
Mindy Kaling wore Kenzo.
Heidi Klum wore Zac Posen.
Rose Leslie
Lucy Liu wore Zac Posen.
Natasha Lyonne wore Opening Ceremony.
Kate Mara wore J. Mendel.
Julianna Margulies wore Narisco Rodriguez.
Melissa McCarthy wore Marchesa.
Debra Messing wore Angel Sanchez.
Kelly Osbourne wore Honor.
Keke Palmer wore Rubin Singer.
Hayden Panetierre wore Lorena Sarbu.
Jessica Paré wore Lanvin.
Teyonah Parris wore Christian Siriano.
Sarah Paulson wore Armani Prive.
Amy Poehler wore Theia.
Laura Prepon
Melissa Rauch wore Pamella Roland.
Julia Roberts wore Elie Saab Couture.
Taylor Schilling wore Zuhair Murad.
Kiernan Shipka wore Antonio Berardi.
Sarah Silverman wore Marni.
Octavia Spencer wore Tadashi Shoji.
Sofia Vergara wore Roberto Cavalli.
Kerry Washington wore Prada.
Kristen Wiig wore Vera Wang.
Allison Williams wore Giambattista Valli Couture.
Robin Wright wore Ralph Lauren.
C-130 Hercules
Aug. 25, 2014
August marks the 60th anniversary of the first flight of the C-130 Hercules, the iconic transport plane that has been a workhorse for the U.S. armed forces and militaries around the world. Here’s a look at the venerable and versatile Hercules.
The first YC-130 — later nicknamed "Hercules" — made its inaugural ferry flight from the Lockheed plant in Burbank, Calif., north to Edwards Air Force Base on August 23, 1954. The aircraft was designed to fill a need for a medium-life cargo transport that was identified in the aftermath of the Korean War.
Sixty years later, the C-130 remains a front-line asset, with several of the aircraft taking part in the recent airdrops of supplies over Iraq as well as ongoing Enduring Freedom operations in Afghanistan and around the world. (Photo: Technical Sergeant Erin Hickok)
The Air Force considers the C-130 the most modified aircraft in its inventory, with a large number of configurations filling a wide variety of missions for both military and civilian operators. (Photo: Master Sergeant Shane A. Cuomo)
C-130’s manufacturer Lockheed Martin reports that more than 2,400 C-130s have been delivered to operators in the United States and more than 70 other nations, where they have amassed more than 20 million flight hours. Pictured, C-130s on the tarmac at Yokota Air Base, Japan. (Photo: Senior Airman Cody H. Ramirez)
HEAVY HAULER: In its primary role as a transport aircraft, the C-130 plays a vital role in the Air Force’s airlift capability alongside newer and faster jet transport aircraft such as the C-17 Globemaster and C-5 Galaxy. Pictured, C-130 Hercules drop heavy equipment payloads over South Korea during exercise Max Thunder. (Photo: Captain Raymond Geoffroy)
The C-130 can quickly deliver cargo to almost any location via airdrop, on palletized cargo platforms, or by landing even on unprepared runways. (Photo: Osakabe Yasuo)
The standard load capacity of the C-130 — 92 ground troops, 64 fully-equipped paratroopers, 74 medical evacuees, or 45,000 pounds of cargo, from palletized supplies to vehicles and other aircraft — makes its a workhorse in the air. (Photo: Master Sergeant John R. Nimmo)
As a cargo hauler, C-130s fly over every continent and every ocean in the world, ferrying supplies to military bases, disaster zones, and even the bottom of the Earth to Antarctic research stations. Pictured, a C-130 Hercules flies over Mount Fuji in Japan. (Photo: Osakabe Yasuo)
A cargo parachute deploys, pulling a cargo pallet from a C-130 Hercules over Melrose Air Force Range, N.M. (Photo: Airman First Class Shelby Kay-Fantozzi)
Loadmasters with the 36th Airlift Squadron secure their harnesses before releasing a cargo bundle during a training flight over Japan. (Photo: Osakabe Yasuo)
Technical Sergeant Gabriel Campbell, 772nd Expeditionary Airlift Squadron looks out of the open bay of a C-130 Hercules before signaling the drop of palletized cargo. (Photo: Senior Airman Corey Hook)
DRIVER’S SEAT: The C-130 is a time-tested aircraft that has been continually upgraded to carry out new missions. Pictured, an aircrew with the 774th Expeditionary Airlift Squadron takes off from Forward Operating Base Sharana in Afghanistan. (Photo: Master Sergeant Ben Bloker)
Captain Taylor Rigollet, a pilot with the 36th Airlift Squadron, flies a C-130 over Sagami Bay, Japan. (Photo: Osakabe Yasuo)
Major Erin Kelly preflights a C-130H with the 737th Expeditionary Airlift Squadron at Baghdad International Airport. (Photo: Master Sergeant Ben Bloker)
THE “SUPER”: The latest production version of the Hercules, the C-130J “Super Hercules,” was introduced in February 1999 and brings more powerful engines, six-bladed rotors, and an all-new digital “glass” cockpit with upgraded avionics and flight systems. The upgrades gives the Super significantly greater range, speed, and improved short take-off distance.
More than 300 Super Hercules aircraft have been delivered or are on order to operators in 16 countries. Pictured, inside the cockpit of the Super Hercules (Photo: Staff Sergeant Eric Harris)
SKY SOLDIERS: The C-130 is used extensively to deliver paratroopers, either at standard altitude or in High-Altitude Low-Open (HALO) jumps such as those by special forces. Pictured, soldiers embark on a C-130 assigned to the 82nd Expeditionary Rescue Squadron in Djibouti. (Photo: Senior Airman Christine Clark)
Paratroopers with the 173rd Infantry Brigade Combat Team board a C-130J at Aviano Air Base, Italy. (Photo: Staff Sergeant Sara Keller)
Paratroopers with the 82nd Airborne Division drop from a C-130 Hercules during training exercises at Mackall Army Airfield, N.C. (Photo: Tech Sergeant Parker Gyokeres)
Paratroopers with the Fourth Brigade Combat Team, 25th Infantry Division, jump from a C-130 Hercules during the Arctic Thunder Open House at Joint Base Elmendorf-Richadson in Alaska. (Photo: Percy G. Jones)
Soldiers with Explosive Ordnance Disposal Mobile Unit 8 exit a C-130 aircraft during free fall training at Naval Station Rota in Spain. (Photo: Senior Chief Aircrewman Nathaniel Spencer)
AIRBORNE TANKER: The Marine Corps flies the extended-range tanker version of the Hercules, the KC-130, giving it a crucial mid-air refueling capability for both rotor-wing and fixed-wing aircraft. Pictured, two KC-130s with Marine Aerial Refueling Transport Squadron VMGR-352 in formation. (Photo: Lance Corporal Kelly R. Chase)
A KC-130 refuels two CH-53 Super Stallions while an AH-1 Cobra and UH-1Y Venom fly alongside at Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii.
Two Marine Corps CH-53E Super Stallions (each carrying two Humvee vehicles) refuel from a KC-130 Hercules over the Gulf of Aden. (Photo: Corporal Paula M. Fitzgerald)
SPECIAL MISSIONS: Alternate designs and configurations give the C-130 the ability to perform a wide range of missions, including troop and cargo transport, mid-air refueling, close-air support, and even firefighter. Here’s a look at some of its capabilities. Pictured, an MC-130E Combat Talon with the 919th Special Operations Wing. (Photo: Technical Sergeant Samuel King Jr.)
The MC-130 Combat Talon was first developed during the Vietnam War and is flown by the Air Force Special Operations Command. It is specially outfitted to accomplish infiltration, exfiltration, resupply of grounds troops, and aerial refueling of special-operations helicopter and tilt-rotor aircraft.
The AC-130 gunship is equipped with several large cannons and other weapons and is designed to fly close air-support missions, air interdiction, and force protection missions. The AC-130 circles its ground targets to deliver sustain and devastating firepower. (Photo: Senior Airman Julianne Showalter)
A close-up view of the large weapons carried by the AC-130. All are mounted on the port side of the aircraft.
Coast Guard: The C-130’s range and durability make it an ideal platform for the United States Coast Guard, patrolling the long stretches of America’s maritime borders.
Firefighter: C-130s fly in support of Forest Service firefighters, using their speed and load capacity to deliver thousands of gallons of water or flame retardant on target. Pictured, A C-130H with the 153rd Airlift Wing delivers flame retardant on the Squirrel Creek fire near Cheyenne in 2012.
The Modular Airborne Firefighting System can deliver 3,000 gallons of water or flame retardant in less than five seconds, covering an area one-quarter mile long and 100 feet wide. The system can be refilled in less than 12 minutes. Pictured, a C-130 with the 146th Airlift Wing drops water during training at Point Mugu Naval Air Station, Calif. (Photo: Airman First Class Nichola Carzis)
A C-130 with the 153rd Airlift Wing drops flame retardant over Colorado Springs. (Photo: Staff Sergeant Stephany D. Richards)
Hurricane Hunter The Air Force Reserve Command flies the WC-130Js in its specialized weather reconnaissance squadron directly into the raging fury of hurricanes to measure wind speeds and other measurements. The data they obtain aids meteorologists at the National Hurricane Center to improve the accuracy of forecasts. (Photo: Lockheed)
“FAT ALBERT”: Marine Corps flight crews fly a specially-modified C-130 Hercules dubbed “Fat Albert” as part of the Blue Angels flight demonstration squadron. (Photo: Mass Communication Specialist Third Class Andrew Johnson)
As part of each Blue Angels performance, Fat Albert is put through its paces with high-speed passes and a demonstration of the aircraft's short-distance landing capabilities. (Photo: Corporal Zachary Scanlon)
Flying the colors for the crowd at the Rhode Island National Guard Open House Air Show. (Photo: Mass Communication Specialist Second Class Jen Blake)
Antarctica: Specially equipped LC-130 Hercules aircraft with the 109th Airlift Wing have flown resupply missions to U.S. civilian research bases in Antarctica since 1975. The 109th is the only air wing in the world that flies the Teflon ski-equipped LC-130, which lands on seasonal sea-ice runways. (Photo: Technical Sergeant Shane A. Cuomo)
Resupply flights to Antarctica are the latest leg of Operation Deep Freeze, which has supplied installations in the south Polar region since 1955. Pictured, an LC-130 near McMurdo Station, Antarctica. (Photo: Technical Sergeant Shane A. Cuomo)
Flying High: A C-130 Hercules flies into the sunset over Joint Base Charleston, S.C. (Photo: Senior Airman Dennis Sloan)
Napa Earthquake
Aug. 25, 2014
A strong magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck Napa Valley, Calif., the heart of the state’s storied wine industry just north of San Francisco, on Sunday morning, causing widespread but moderate damage to buildings and area businesses and no reported serious injuries or deaths. Here’s a look.
The quake, the strongest in more than two decades, struck at around 3:00 a.m. Sunday, damaging many historic buildings in the tony northern California community. Pictured, police tape cordon off a building on downtown Napa that sustained heavy damage and littered the sidewalk with brickwork.
Across the city, expensive collections of wine at vintners and private shops — the economic lifeblood of this upper-class region — lie toppled, damaged, and destroyed. Pictured, a pile of damaged wine barrels at Bouchaine Vineyards.
A worker at Dahl Vineyards inpects a barrel of pinot noir valued at more than $16,000.
Other area businesses were also hard hit, with product flying off store shelves. Pictured, plastic bottles and other products fill the aisle at Dollar Plus and Party Supplies store.
Authorities report around 100 injuries, with 70 persons presenting at hospitals with non-life threatening injuries. By Sunday evening, only one person was reported in critical condition. Pictured, a resident of Napa Valley Mobile Home Park looks over his domicile.
The shaking triggered six major fires, including one at a mobile home park that consumed at least four trailers before being extinguished.
Power crews worked quickly to reconnect some 70,000 customers cut off in the shaking.
Napa city manager Mike Parness told CNN the city will be hard-pressed to deal with the quake’s aftermath: “We have exhausted our local resources. We need more help from the outside.” Pictured, a city building inspector surveys toppled bricks in downtown Napa.
Later on Sunday California governor Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency in the Napa region. The United States Geological Survey estimates the damage from the quake will top $1 billion. Pictured, warning tape guards the front of a damaged building in downtown Napa.
Between 50 and 60 aftershocks were felt in and around the city in the hours after the quake. Seismologists expect the aftershocks to continue for several weeks. Pictured, bricks heavily damaged a vehicle parked near a bail bonds business.
The quake was the largest in the San Francisco area since the 1989 Loma Prieta event, a 6.9 earthquake that struck the Bay area directly, killing 63 persons, injuring more than 3,700, and causing $6 billion in damage. Pictured, falling bricks reached all the way into the street in some locations.
Napa firefighters finish off the blaze that consumed four mobile homes.
Firefighters survey the damage and look for remaining hot spots.
Residents did their best to cool down the remains of their homes with garden hoses.
A mailbox sits undamaged in front of a trailer consumed by flames.
A broken water main spills out near a Napa mobile home park.
The effect of the earthquake on the area’s famous wine industry drew widespread attention. Pictured, a reporter calls in from in front of a damaged buildings in downtown Napa.
Broken wine bottles at Saintsbury Winery.
Broken bottles of olive oil and vinegar oil litter the floor of a Napa business.
Vinegar flows out under the front door of the business.
Toppled cement and brickwork litters the sidewalk in front of Vintners Collective.
Other area businesses also suffered topples shelves, broken windows, and scattered inventory. Pictured, cleaning up at Van’s Liquor.
Cleaning up at 3J’s Oriental Market.
Cleaning up at a 7-Eleven.
Bookshelves toppled at JHM Stamp and Collectibles.
Glass storefront windows were particularly hard hit.
Mannequins toppled through these storefronts.
More damaged glass storefronts.
Damaged glass doors and fallen ceiling plaster at Napa’s post office.
Part of the brick front of the Napa post office damaged in the shaking.
A Napa resident inspects a collapsed garage roof that heavily damaged the car parked inside.
A young Napa resident makes the best of a buckled sidewalk.
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