NRO Slideshows

Presidential Movie Posters

President Obama is in California again this week for yet another round of fundraisers among his hard-core supporters in Hollywood, where he enjoys movie-star status. But what if he did get the starring role? Here’s a look at what some presidential movie posters might look like.
Uploaded: May. 08, 2014


Cartoon of the Day
Oct. 25, 2014
Screening for Ebola, by Henry Payne (October 25, 2014)
Canada, by Michael Ramirez (October 24, 2014)
Love Story, by Michael Ramirez (October 23, 2014)
The Obama Iran Policy, by Michael Ramirez (October 22, 2014)
Action on Ebola, by Henry Payne (October 21, 2014)
The Obama Warning System, by Michael Ramirez (October 20, 2014)
Ebola Gay, by Michael Ramirez (October 17, 2014)
Like Ostriches, by Michael Ramirez (October 16, 2014)
Dems 2014, by Henry Payne (October 15, 2014)
Back in Demand, by Michael Ramirez (October 14, 2014)
Porous Borders, by Michael Ramirez (October 13, 2014)
Protecting POTUS, by Michael Ramirez (October 10, 2014)
Got Yer Back, by Henry Payne (October 9, 2014)
Michelle’s Detector, by Henry Payne (October 8, 2014)
Under Control, by Michael Ramirez (October 7, 2014)
Footprints, by Michael Ramirez (October 3, 2014)
Hong Kong Café, by Henry Payne (October 2, 2014)
The Duck Stops Here, by Michael Ramirez (October 1, 2014)
Boots, by Michael Ramirez (September 30, 2014)
Holder Resigns, by Michael Ramirez (September 29, 2014)
Latte Salute, by Michael Ramirez (September 26, 2014)
Climate Summit, by Henry Payne (September 25, 2014)
Flood Wall Street, by Michael Ramirez (September 24, 2014)
The U.K., by Henry Payne (September 23, 2014)
The Hoax, by Michael Ramirez (September 22, 2014)
The Lap Dog, by Michael Ramirez (September 19, 2014)
The ISIS Strategy, by Michael Ramirez (September 18, 2014)
Space Taxi, by Henry Payne (September 17, 2014)
ISIS, by Michael Ramirez (September 16, 2014)
Apple Watch, by Henry Payne (September 15, 2014)
A Grave Threat, by Michael Ramirez (September 12, 2014)
Treating ISIS, by Michael Ramirez (September 11, 2014)
Ray Rice Penalties, by Michael Ramirez (September 10, 2014)
Rising Sun? by Michael Ramirez (September 9, 2014)
Daily Briefing, by Michael Ramirez (September 8, 2014)
iCloud, by Michael Ramirez (September 5, 2014)
Al Gore’s 2014 Prediction, by Henry Payne (September 4, 2014)
JV, by Michael Ramirez (September 3, 2014)
Happy Labor Day, by Michael Ramirez (September 1, 2014)
Going Solo, by Michael Ramirez (August 29, 2014)
Burger King Moves to Canada, by Henry Payne (August 28, 2014)
Regional Threat, by Michael Ramirez August 27, 2014)
Ferguson, by Michael Ramirez August 26, 2014)
My Thoughts Are with You, by Michael Ramirez August 25, 2014)
Investigating Abuse, by Henry Payne (August 22, 2014)
JV . . . by Michael Ramirez August 21, 2014)
Urgent Matters, by Michael Ramirez August 20, 2014)
Sectarian Tensions, by Henry Payne (August 19, 2014)
Between Iraq and a Hard Place, by Michael Ramirez (August 18, 2014)
Mind if I Play Through? by Michael Ramirez (August 15, 2014)
Fun • ny, by Henry Payne (August 14, 2014)
Tax Inversion, by Michael Ramirez (August 13, 2014)
Mission Iraq, by Henry Payne (August 12, 2014)
Trampled Under Foot, by Michael Ramirez (August 11, 2014)
Friendly Fire, by Michael Ramirez (August 8, 2014)
WHUAC, by Henry Payne (August 7, 2014)
Kerry, 1943, by Henry Payne (August 6, 2014)
What Cold War? by Michael Ramirez (August 5, 2014)
Regime Change, by Michael Ramirez (August 4, 2014)
Good News, by Michael Ramirez (August 1, 2014)
Incompetent, by Michael Ramirez (July 31, 2014)
Little Dutch Boy, by Michael Ramirez (July 30, 2014)
Perch, by Henry Payne (July 29, 2014)
Human Shields, by Michael Ramirez (July 28, 2014)
Putin’s Reset, by Michael Ramirez (July 25, 2014)
Presidents During a Crisis, by Michael Ramirez (July 24, 2014)
Wide Open, by Michael Ramirez (July 23, 2014)
Transparent, by Michael Ramirez (July 22, 2014)
Out, by Henry Payne (July 21, 2014)
Why? by Michael Ramirez (July 18, 2014)
LeBron, by Henry Payne (July 17, 2014)
Ha-Mas, by Michael Ramirez (July 16, 2014)
The Pawn, by Michael Ramirez (July 15, 2014)
Tear Down This Wall, by Michael Ramirez (July 14, 2014)
Obama’s Katrina, by Michael Ramirez (July 11, 2014)
Before and After, by Michael Ramirez (July 9, 2014)
I Don’t Know Why They’re Flooding the Borders, by Michael Ramirez (July 8, 2014)
Equal Justice, by Henry Payne (July 7, 2014)
The Times, July 4, 1776, by Henry Payne (July 4, 2014)
Happy Birthday, America, by Michael Ramirez (July 3, 2014)
Help Center, by Michael Ramirez (July 2, 2014)
5-4, by Henry Payne (July 1, 2014)
Rip Van Media, by Michael Ramirez (June 30, 2014)
The Piñata, by Michael Ramirez (June 27, 2014)
The Plan, by Michael Ramirez (June 26, 2014)
Red . . . by Henry Payne (June 24, 2014)
Iran to the Rescue, by Michael Ramirez (June 23, 2014)
White House to the Rescue, by Michael Ramirez (June 20, 2014)
Gap, by Henry Payne (June 19, 2014)
Baghdad Bobama, by Michael Ramirez (June 18, 2014)
Missing, by Michael Ramirez (June 17, 2014)
Dead Broke, by Michael Ramirez (June 14, 2014)
Clinton Problems, by Michael Ramirez (June 13, 2014)
To Faithfully Execute . . . by Michael Ramirez (June 12, 2014)
Broke, by Michael Ramirez (June 11, 2014)
Talking Bergdahl, by Michael Ramirez (June 10, 2014)
Lemon, by Henry Payne (June 9, 2014)
The Imperial President, by Michael Ramirez (June 6, 2014)
Cutting Carbon, by Henry Payne (June 5, 2014)
The Obama Emporium, by Michael Ramirez (June 4, 2014)
After You, by Michael Ramirez (June 3, 2014)
It Was the Weather, by Michael Ramirez (June 2, 2014)
The West Point Address, by Michael Ramirez (May 30, 2014)
First Read About It in the Newspaper, by Michael Ramirez (May 29, 2014)
General Motors Theater, by Henry Payne (May 27, 2014)
Freedom, by Henry Payne (May 26, 2014)
Hope . . . by Henry Payne (May 24, 2014)
Fallen Soldiers, by Michael Ramirez (May 23, 2014)
Outraged? by Lisa Benson (May 22, 2014)
Obamacare, Brought to You by . . . by Henry Payne (May 21, 2014)
Now You Know How We Feel, by Michael Ramirez (May 20, 2014)
#You Think? by Michael Ramirez (May 18, 2014)
#BringBack . . . by Michael Ramirez (May 16, 2014)
Gospel Reading, by Michael Ramirez (May 15, 2014)
Today’s Lecture, by Henry Payne (May 14, 2014)
Truth, by Michael Ramirez (May 13, 2014)
Clinton Celebrity Gala, by Henry Payne (May 12, 2014)
Segregation, by Michael Ramirez (May 10, 2014)
Weather, by Michael Ramirez (May 9, 2014)
Under the Rug, by Henry Payne (May 7, 2014)
What Kind of Country? by Henry Payne (August 7, 2014)
Photoshop of the Day
Oct. 24, 2014
Tiger by the Tail, by (October 24, 2014)
Twain & Reid, by (October 23, 2014)
Holder’s Legacy, by (October 22, 2014)
Evolution of Obama Crisis Management, by (October 21, 2014)
Klain’s Experience, by (October 20, 2014)
CDC’s Parallel Bus Universe, by (October 17, 2014)
Operation Inherent Resolve, by (October 16, 2014)
The Kiss, by (October 15, 2014)
ISIS Wakeup, by (October 14, 2014)
Dogs of War, by (October 13, 2014)
Pick-a-Target, by (October 10, 2014)
Airborne Disease, by (October 9, 2014)
Enterovirus, by (October 8, 2014)
Empty Chair, by (October 7, 2014)
That Lincoln-Obama Comparison, by (October 3, 2014)
Gaza West, by (October 2, 2014)
Fight for Empty Shelves, by (October 1, 2014)
JV Locker Room, by (September 30, 2014)
Same But Different, by (September 29, 2014)
Climate Change, by (September 26, 2014)
Problem Solved, by (September 25, 2014)
Feet of Clay, by (September 24, 2014)
Belling the Cat, by (September 23, 2014)
Enablers Anonymous, by (September 22, 2014)
Kick the Can, by (September 19, 2014)
Team Work, by (September 17, 2014)
FDR Ghosts, by (September 16, 2014)
Testing the Winds, by (September 15, 2014)
Show of Strength, by (September 12, 2014)
9-11, by (September 11, 2014)
Torch of Liberty, by (September 10, 2014)
The Unbearable Lightness of . . . by (September 9, 2014)
Broken Window, by (September 8, 2014)
Steadying the Ladder, by (September 5, 2014)
Dr. Obamastein, by (September 4, 2014)
Ascension, by (September 3, 2014)
Electric Vehicle Charging Station by (September 2, 2014)
The Great Escape, by (August 29, 2014)
Press Secretary, by (August 28, 2014)
Chain of Custody, by (August 27, 2014)
Cheshire Embrace, by (August 26, 2014)
A Push, by (August 25, 2014)
How to Get Obama Interested, by (August 22, 2014)
Fish Eats Fish, by (August 21, 2014)
Ghosts, by (August 20, 2014)
Social Justice, by (August 19, 2014)
In-Person Meetings, by (August 18, 2014)
Iraq Strategy, by (August 15, 2014)
They Can Wait, by (August 14, 2014)
Don’t Tug on Superman’s Cape, by (August 13, 2014)
Emerald Gaza, by (August 11, 2014)
Bicycle, by (August 8, 2014)
The Voter Fish, by (August 7, 2014)
Scandal Goalie, by (August 6, 2014)
Wile E. Guidance, by (August 5, 2014)
Gaza Aid, by (August 4, 2014)
Don’t Shoot, by (August 1, 2014)
Minaret Missile, by (July 31, 2014)
Punch, by (July 30, 2014)
The Offering, by (July 29, 2014)
Tunnel of Love, by (July 28, 2014)
Valley of Dearth, by (July 25, 2014)
Obama’s National Guard, by (July 24, 2014)
Iceberg, by (July 23, 2014)
Leader of the Free World, by (July 22, 2014)
The Bear Is Loose, by (July 21, 2014)
Farther Apart, by (July 18, 2014)
Secure? by (July 17, 2014)
So Many Scandals . . . by (July 16, 2014)
Mainstream, by (July 15, 2014)
Kidsnado, by (July 14, 2014)
Break Shot, by (July 11, 2014)
Pawns, by (July 10, 2014)
Ship of State, by (July 9, 2014)
Coyote, by (July 8, 2014)
Obama’s Pipeline, by (July 7, 2014)
Fingers Crossed, by (July 4, 2014)
Obama’s America, by (July 3, 2014)
Blocked Shot, by (July 2, 2014)
The Obama Legacy, by (July 1, 2014)
Tangled Web, by (June 27, 2014)
2.9, by (June 26, 2014)
Raiders, by (June 25, 2014)
Cooperation, by (June 24, 2014)
Battle Ribbons, by (June 23, 2014)
Iraq Advisors, by (June 20, 2014)
Stuff Happens, by (June 19, 2014)
Invisible Hand, by (June 18, 2014)
Ping-Pong Bomb, by (June 17, 2014)
On Advice of Council, by (June 16, 2014)
Borders, by (June 13, 2014)
Bumping the Board, by (June 12, 2014)
Obama’s World, by (June 11, 2014)
Business Regs, by (June 10, 2014)
Sock Puppet, by (June 9, 2014)
Normandy 2014, by (June 6, 2014)
Implementing Obama’s Foreign Policy, by (June 5, 2014)
Bergdahl Makes His Way Home, by (June 4, 2014)
Broken Mirror, by (June 3, 2014)
Bad Nwws, by (June 2, 2014)
‘Out Front’, by (May 30, 2014)
Captain of the Ship, by (May 29, 2014)
Train of Thought, by (May 27, 2014)
Memorial Day, 2014, by (May 26, 2014)
Tea Party, R.I.P., by (May 23, 2014)
When You Only Have a Hammer, by (May 22, 2014)
Caution, by (May 21, 2014)
Now Featuring . . . by (May 20, 2014)
Voting Protocols, by (May 19, 2014)
The Gun, The Gun, The Gun, by (May 16, 2014)
The Virtuoso, by (May 15, 2014)
<p>NR’s Photoshop of the Day is produced daily by <a href="" style="color:#FFFFFF"></a>.</p>
Government Waste
Oct. 23, 2014
Senator Tom Coburn released his annual Wastebook report on federal government spending, and it looks like both the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have been busy burning through your tax dollars on everything but an Ebola vaccine. Here’s a look at some of the stranger items from Coburn’s report, illustrated by National Review.
FEDERAL WORKFORCE$120,000: Salary and performance bonuses paid to an Environmental Protection Agency employee who admitted to watching porn on his office computer for up to six hours a day and downloading more than 7,000 files. Who knew Viagra enhanced that kind of performance?
$19 Million: “Administrative leave” stemming from misconduct and even criminal matters continues to cost taxpayers. More than 1,000 federal employees were on paid leave for more than six months and nearly 60,000 for least a month over the past two years (in addition to all those civil-service holidays and vacations.
$142.3 million: Amount paid to U.S. Investigations Services, Inc. to conduct security clearance background checks, despite their failure to flag either Edward Snowden or Washington Navy Yard killer Aaron Alexis. In January the DOJ accused USIS of submitting some 665,000 fake investigations.
$100,000+: Operating costs for time spent by the U.S. Coast Guard to provide security for private parties and celebrations, including an exclusive fireworks display near Glen Island in New York.
ANIMAL BEHAVIOR — $307,524: Combined research support from three federal agencies — the NSF, the Office of Naval Research, and the U.S.-Israel Binational Science Foundation — to study the swirls created by Sea Monkeys trained to perform synchronized swimming.
$387,000: Cost to give daily Swedish massages to a group of rabbits during a two year study at the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, part of the NIH.
$171,000: Cost of an NSF-funded study that studied chimpanzees playing videogames. Turns out when monkeys gamble they share “our unfounded believe in winning and losing streaks. So now we know that.
$856,000: Cost to train three mountain lions to run on a treadmill in order to study the “power of the pounce” and their energy consumption while hunting. It took eight months before the cats were comfortable on everyone’s favorite gym workout device.
$50,000: Grant from the Department of Agriculture for Virginia Mary’s Alpaca to process and market “Poop Paks,” plant fertilizer made from alpaca manure. You can buy one (and thus pay twice for it as a taxer) for the low, low price of just $29.95 (plus shipping).
FRONTIERS OF SCIENCE — $10,000: Cost of a Florida Department of Environmental Protection study, funded by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, to observe the growth of two acres of cordgrass and publish a best practices guide. That’s right: We’re paying people to watch grass grow.
$117,000: Grant from the Institute for Museum and Library Services to the Vermont Historical Society to document communal hippie life at the Tree Frog Farm during the 1970s’
$331,000: Cost of an NSF study to explore the connection between “hanger” — hunger-driven anger — and unhappiness in married couples. Among the tools used in the study: voodoo dolls representing their spouses. The study’s lead researcher concluded: “Hungry people are crank and aggressive.”
$371,026: Funds paid by the NIH to two scientists using an MRI to study the brain activity of women while viewing photographs of their child with a dog. The researchers look forward to studying men and women without pets and how they react to photos of babies.
$3 billion: Annual cost for American participation in the International Space Station, already the “single most expensive object ever created, according to Bloomberg. Among the $1.5 million per hour work being done up there: a study of the coating and metals used in golf products to improve golf club “function, durability, and aesthetics.”
$47,000: Funding from the NEH for a class at the University of California Los Angeles on “the nature of human laughter and humor.” A similar class is being developed at Butler University for the bargain taxpayer price of just $22,000.
THE ARTS:$10,000: Grant from the National Endowment for the Arts to the Oregon Children’s Theater to produce “Zombie in Love,” a musical about a lovesick teenage zombie “dying to find true love.” A theater spokesperson noted that, while the performance includes some brain eating, “it’s gentle.”
$15,000: Funding from the National Endowment for the Arts through its “Art Works” program provided to the Colorado Symphony Orchestra to host “Classically Cannabis: The High Note Series,” a marijuana-themed musical review. The performance featured an outdoor area for food trucks to serve audience members with the munchies.
$70,000: Amount of an NEA grant to fund production of the play Kung Fu, which features a dozen fight scenes, because if exemplifies the agency’s mission to “fund and promote artistic excellence, creativity, and innovation for the benefit of individuals and communities.” A review in the New York Times said the play perpetuated the stereotype of the “Oriental sidekick.”
$90 million: Total cost of cultural exchange programs sponsored by the State Department, including sending such musical virtuosos as a nose flutist and rapper who’s recent album features a woman aiming a shotgun at the artist’s head.
MILITARY MATTERS — $414,000: Cost to develop the latest version of America’s Army, a free online first-person shooter produced and promoted by the United States Army to boost recruitment. First released in 2002, the Army has spent some $33 million since 2009 for annual upgrades. The problem: An NSA report says the game may be helping terrorists train for missions.
$1 billion + $16 billion: The Pentagon will spend $1 billion to destroy $16 billion worth of military-grade ammunition that it does not need.
$200,000: Amount of a “Tactical Team Grant” to the towns of Ithaca, Tonawanda, and — not to be outdone — North Tonawanda in New York using funds from the Department of Homeland Security’s State Homeland Security Program. Though Ithaca enjoys the third-lowest crime rate in the nation for towns its size, the police chief planned to purchase military night-vision goggles and a “tactical robot.”
GOOD OLD-FASHIONED PORK:$200,000: Amount provided by the Department of Agriculture’s Value-Added Producer Grant program for the Empire Brewing company in New York to expand their beer-making operation. Empire owner David Katelski induced the new brewery would allow his company to “get more beer out there.”
Terror Attack in Ottawa
Oct. 23, 2014
A gunman in Ottawa, Canada, murdered a soldier standing guard at a national war memorial and then gained entrance to the Canadian parliament before being shot down on Wednesday. The incident thrust the nation into the spotlight of Islamic violence. Here’s a look at images from Ottawa.
According to investigators, a lone gunman fatally wounded Corporal Nathan Cirillo at Canada’s National War Memorial. Pictured, first responders tend to Cirillo at the scene of the attack.
Cirillo, 24, was a reserve infantryman and part of a two-man guard posted at the memorial. This image shows Cirillo on duty just minutes before the attack.
The gunman then entered the nearby parliament building, where numerous shots were heard in the buildings foyer and further inside where members of parliament were meeting. Pictured, an Ottawa police officer arrives on the scene.
Canadian prime minister Stephen Harper, who was inside the building at the time of the attack, was safely evacuated. During the crisis, the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) was put on a heightened alert status. Pictured, an Ottawa police officer on the move.
MPs in the Conservative Party caucus room wait behind a hastily-barricaded door while the attacker was still on the loose.
The chaotic scene inside parliament. Canadian deputy house leader Kevin Lamoureux told CNN: “I heard rapid fire — gunshots going very loud — and I figure maybe 20-plus shots within 10 seconds.” Many of the shots were apparently fired by parliament security personnel.
Security forces secure the perimeter around parliament. The initial response presumed there was more than one possible shooter.
Heavily-armed members of the elite Royal Canadian Mounted Police arrived to deal with the attacker.
The gunman was ultimately shot and mortally wounded by the parliament’s sergeant-at-arms, Kevin Vickers, seen here shortly after the end the incident. Said MP Craig Scott: “MPs and Hills staff owe their safety, even lives, to Sergeant at Arms Kevin Vickers who shot attacker just outside the MPs’ caucus rooms.”
Vickers — who was off-duty at the time of the attack — issued a statement: “Yesterday, during extraordinary circumstances, security personnel demonstrated professionalism and courage. I am grateful and proud to be part of this team.”
Vickers was hailed as a hero and given a standing ovation when parliament convened on Thursday.
The gunman was later identified as Michael Zehaf-Bibeau, a recent convert to Islam born Michael Joseph Hall. Authorities offered no speculation on his motives for the attack. Pictured, security personnel escort citizens from a nearby building during the crisis.
Police searched the parliament building and surrounding areas for additional gunmen before determining that Zihaf-Bibeau had acted alone. Authorities lifted the lockdown late Wednesday night.
Canada had only recently raised its terror alert status in the wake of a vehicle attack on Monday by a Muslim convert that claimed the life of another Canadian soldier. Pictured, armored vehicles outside parliament.
Originally built to honor those Canadians who served in WWI, the National War Memorial in Ottawa has grown to encompass all citizens who have served in time of war.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
Oct. 22, 2014
This month marks the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Leyte Gulf in the Philippines, a massive air and sea engagement during America’s Pacific campaign that dealt a crippling blow to the Japanese navy. Here’s a look back at images from the campaign.
Spanning October 23-26, 1944, the fighting at Leyte Gulf involved hundreds of ships, including dozens of carriers, cruisers, and destroyers. Ranging across four main engagements and more than 100,000 square miles of ocean, it was the largest naval battle of WWII and by some measures the largest in history.
The fighting at sea followed soon after the landings at Leyte Island by General Douglas MacArthur on October 20, which involved some 700 ships and more than 100,000 soldiers coming ashore.
MacArthur’s triumphant return fulfilled the promise he had made two years earlier when he was forced to flee the Japanese invasion, but was just the beginning of a long and brutal fight to liberate the Philippines.
The American naval force at Leyte Gulf included ships of the Third Fleet under Admiral William Halsey and the Seventh Fleet under Vice Admiral Thomas Kincaid, whose ships would also carry in the amphibious landing force. Pictured, the aircraft carrier USS Intrepid. (USNNH)
The Imperial Japanese Navy pressed the remnants of its surface force into action to try and stop MacArthur’s invasion. Pictured, three battleships and four heavy cruisers of the Japanese “Center Force” depart Borneo enroute to the Philippines prior to the battle.
Also at Leyte was the formidable Japanese battleship Yamato (at right), once the flagship of the fleet and, with sister ship Musashi, the largest battleship ever constructed.
Leyte Gulf also saw the first concentrated use of kamikaze pilots, with Japan desperate to field aircraft after the crushing blows suffered by their carrier forces at the Battle of Midway (June 1942) and the Battle of the Philippine Sea (June 1944), the largest carrier battle in history.
When the battle was over, the Imperial Japanese Navy was smashed, a key supply route connecting the Japanese homeland to its southeast Asian holdings was cut off, and the allies had further consolidated their hold over the Western Pacific. Pictured, a bomb strikes Yamato during fighting in the Sibuyan Sea.
The Japanese lost 35 vessels at Leyte, including four aircraft carriers, three battleships, ten cruisers, and several hundred aircraft. Pictured, sailors aboard the carrier Zuikaku salute before abandoning the sinking ship at Cape Engano.
Across the Philippines, months of intense fighting still lay ahead to wrest control of the islands from Japanese occupation, under which thousands of Americans had been killed and some one million Filipinos had perished. Pictured, U.S. troops in action on Panay Island. (Library of Congress)
RETAKING THE PHILIPPINES: The Japanese intended to repel MacArthur’s invasion by implementing Sho-Go, a plan to lure the American fleet away from the islands and then crush the landing force. On October 20, the Japanese put Sho-Go into effect. Pictured, the first wave comes ashore at Leyte. (National Archives)
A Navy LCM steams towards the Leyte beachhead. (National Archives)
Troops depart amphibious landing craft as smoke rises from the Leyte beachhead. (National Archives)
Two massive landing ships deliver more troops to the beach at Leyte. (National Archives)
An FM-2 Wildcat flies over the USS Santee during the Leyte Invasion. (National Archives)
An explosion rips through the escort carrier USS St. Lo after a direct hit while providing close support to the ongoing landings. St. Lo became the first major ship to be sunk by a kamikaze attack on October 25, with the loss of 113 crew. (USN)
ORDER OF BATTLE: The Battle of Leyte Gulf consisted of four main engagements: Sibuyan Sea (Oct. 24), the Surigao Strait (Oct. 24-25), Samar (Oct. 25), and Cape Engano (Oct. 25-26). Pictured, bombs strike the water near the battleship Musashi during fighting at the Sibuyan Sea. (USNNH)
SIBUYAN SEA: Flight operations aboard USS Intrepid at Sibuyan.
A Curtiss Helldiver bomber returns to Intrepid after suffering tail damage from Japanese anti-aircraft fire during a combat mission.
Navy pilots aboard the Essex-class carrier USS Franklin in the ready room prior to combat operations at Sibuyan. (National Archives)
The battleship Yamato turns tight circles trying to avoid bombs and torpedoes from attacking American planes. (Note shadow of American plane lower right. (National Archives)
Japanese warships conduct evasive maneuvers. (National Archives)
A Japanese battleship fires its main guns during fighting at Sibuyan. (National Archives)
A Navy bomb hits the Musashi at Sibuyan. Musashi was sunk on October 24, 194, after being struck by an estimated 19 torpedoes and 17 bombs. (National Archives)
A massive explosion rips through the hangar deck of the Independence-class light aircraft carrier USS Princeton during fighting at Sibuyan. (National Archives)
Princeton belches smoke after being hit by a Japanese bomb as USS Reno pulls alongside.
The cruiser USS Birmingham pulls alongside USS Princeton to try and battle the flames, with some of Princeton's planes still sitting on the flight deck. An explosion aboard Princeton during the firefighting effort heavily damaged Birmingham, killing some 200 sailors.
A damage-control party survey the damage to Princeton from the forward flight deck.
Damage-control crews stand next to a burned airplane as they explore the gutted hangar deck of Princeton.
USS Birmingham (at left) and another vessel pull away from Princeton, which slipped beneath the waves on October 24.
SURIGAO STRAIT: The fighting at Surigao saw the last-ever clash of opposing battleships in naval warfare. Pictured, the Australian heavy cruisers Shropshire and Australia are seen through a gunsight of the American cruiser USS Phoenix. (National Archives)
The Japanese battleship Fuso (bottom) and cruiser Mogami maneuver under aerial attack at Surigao. Fuso would not survive the battle. (USN)
SAMAR: The battleship Yamato (bottom) and a heavy cruiser underway during fighting at Samar. Yamato would survive the Battle of Leyte Gulf, and was eventually sunk near Okinawa in April 1945.
The Japanese cruiser Chikuma maneuvers at Samar. (National Archives)
The escort carrier USS Gambier Bay and her escorts lay down a smoke screen during action off Samar. “Dazzle” camouflage painting is visible on the bow of Gambier Bay. She was sunk off Samar on October 25. (USN)
Two U.S. destroyers lay down smoke at Samar while Japanese shells fall between them. (USN)
FM-2 Wildcat fighters prepare to launch from the escort carrier USS Kitkun Bay at Samar. In the distance, Japanese shells hit the water near escort carrier USS White Plains. (Australian War Museum)
CAPE ENGANO: The Japanese ships at Cape Engano faced an overwhelmingly superior American force under Admiral Halsey which included five large carriers, five light carriers, six battleships, and more than 40 destroyers. Pictured, the Japanese carrier Zuikaku and an Akizuki-class destroyer underway at Engano. (National Archives)
Zuikaku and the light carrier Zuiho during evasive maneuvers at Engano. (National Archives)
The aircraft carrier Zuikaku is spotted, already heavily listing, after fighting at Engano. She sank on October 25. (USNNH)
HONORING THEIR SACRIFICE: Several U.S. Navy ships have been named to commemorate the Battle of Leyte Gulf, including the Essex-class carrier USS Leyte, commissioned in April 1946 less than two years after the battle. She was decommissioned in 1959. (US Navy)
The Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser USS Leyte Gulf was commissioned in September 1987 and is still in active service. (Department of Defense)
Long Ma, Spirit of the Dragon Horse
Oct. 22, 2014
A giant dragon-horse and spider delighted audiences with epic battles in Beijing this week, part of an unusual celebration of French-Chinese diplomatic relations. Here’s a look at the clash of the titans.
The French production company La Machine specializes in live performances featuring giant-sized mechanical puppets, touring locations around the world to appear at a range of cultural events.
This week’s stop in Beijing was entitled “Long Ma, Spirit of the Dragon Horse,” and celebrated the 50th anniversary of Sino-French relations.
The daily performances drew thousands of onlookers to the National Stadium, also known as the Bird’s Best Stadium, which China constructed for the 2008 Winter Olympic Games.
The company’s latest creation, Long Ma, is a 46-ton cross between a horse and a dragon made of wood and steel that stands 40 feet tall and breathes steam and water at unsuspecting audience members who get too close. Long Ma is based on a creature from Chinese mythology.
La Machine art director Francois Delaroziere described Long Ma to Reuters: “In this mythical universe, the horse-dragon combines equine speed and vitality with the supreme power of the dragon. He embodies the spirits of vigor and perseverance that Chinese schoolchildren are still taught today.”
Audience members get a sampling of Long Ma’s breath.
La Princesse is a 50-foot-long mechanical spider. Like Long Ma, La Princesse can roar and growl as its eyes blaze red.
Long Ma and La Princesse faced off in a series of performances that were half combat, half ballet. While scripted in broad terms, La Machine directors are able to change the scene and the actions of the giant characters according to audience reactions.
More than 100 people make up the La Machine performance crew, including actors, singers, controllers, and an orchestra. Pictured, controllers climb aboard La Princesse.
La Princesse rears up on her eight giant legs.
A close view of one of the Long Ma controllers.
Keeping an eye on the big bad spider.
A pair of audience members take some selfies with Long Ma in the distance.
Long Ma makes his way to a nighttime performance …
… with La Princesse close behind.
La Princesse stalks the crowd.
Long Ma poses for some pics, with two of her contollers visible on either side.
The face-off begins.
Long Ma belches fire.
One ring to unite them all.
La Princesse finds a spark of her own.
The front row gets perhaps a little more than they bargained for.
Long Ma rises to the occasion.
At the conclusion of the ceremonies, La Princesse will continue a world tour, while Long Ma will remain in China.
Oscar de la Renta
Oct. 22, 2014
World-renowned designer Oscar de la Renta died on Monday at age 82. An institution in the international fashion world for decades, de la Renta’s work highlighted celebrity red carpets from Hollywood to Cannes, and he also lent his stylish touch a series of First Ladies. Here’s a look at his White House work.
Hollywood stars sought out de la Renta’s gowns for high-profile events such as the Academy Awards telecast. Pictures, actress Amy Adams wears a de la Renta dress at the 2013 ceremony in Hollywood.
More stars in de la Renta (from left): Taylor Swift, Anne Hathaway, Emma Watson, and Jennifer Lawrence.
De la Renta’s work with celebrities was in the headlines right up until his final days, when he designed Amal Alamuddin’s dress for her wedding to actor George Clooney.
Alamuddin told Vogue: “George and I wanted a wedding that was more romantic and elegant, and I can’t imagine anyone more able than Oscar to capture this mood in a dress.”
De la Renta greets the crowd at the conclusion of last month’s New York Fashion Week, alongside models Karlie Kloss and Daria Strokous.
Despite the allure of fashion shows, de la Renta kept their influence in perspective, quoted in The New York Times stating: “Never, ever confuse what happens on a runway with fashion. A runway is spectacle. It’s only fashion when a woman puts it on. Being well dressed hasn’t much to do with having good clothes. It’s a question of good balance and good common sense.”
DRESSING FOR SUCCESS: Oscar de la Renta’s outfits have been a part of White House fashion for more than half a century. Here’s a look back at some highlights. Pictured, President Bush and First Lady Laura Bush dance at the 2004 inaugural ball, with Laura wearing a silver de la Renta gown.
De La Renta’s work first graced the White House during the Camelot years, with his dresses helping to shape the allure of First Lady Jackie Kennedy. His early work with Kennedy helped build his own fashion brand and launched his company in 1965.
Fashion bloggers took note when First Lady Michelle Obama wore a de la Renta dress for the first time at a cocktail party just last month during the White House Fashion Education Workshop.
There may have been some hurt feelings between FLOTUS and de la Renta after the designer — a close friend of the Clintons — expressed disapproved of some of her earlier choices, including this Alexander McQueen gown which she wore to a state function in 2011.
Hillary Clinton was a big fan of de la Renta’s dresses during her tenure as First Lady, and the two remained close friends ever since. Pictured, Clinton at the 2004 inaugural ball wearing de la Renta’s gold gown. (She had worn a blue Sara Phillips gown to the first inaugural 2000.)
Another view of de la Renta’s gold gown on Clinton.
Hillary Clinton in a de la Renta gown for a state function, July 2003.
Clinton wore a de la Renta dress for a cover image on Vogue
Oscar and Hillary in 2003.
Clinton stood with de la Renta as he received the Founders Award from the Council of Fashion Designers of America in 2013.
Laura Bush wore a de la Renta gown to President George W. Bush’s second inaugural ball in January 2005. (She had worn a red dress by Dallas designer Michael Faircloth to the first inaugural.)
Laura Bush pictured in a red de la Renta gown, part of an exhibit of the designer’s work that ran at the George W. Bush Presidential Center over the summer.
Laura Bush with de la Renta in 2004, donating one the designer’s dresses at a Fashion Week event.
Cindy McCain and First Lady Laura Bush take the stage wearing de la Renta outfits at the RNC convention, September 2008.
Jenna Bush wore a de la Renta gown for her wedding in 2008. Laura also wore de la Renta to the happy day.
First Lady Nancy Reagan wears one of her “Reagan Red” Oscar de la Renta dresses at a White House event in 1988.
Nancy Reagan visits her red dress collection at the Reagan Presidential Library, which includes a de la Renta design (center).
Nancy Reagan with de la Renta at The Colleagues 22nd Annual Spring Luncheon in April, 2011.
Would-be First Lady Anne Romney wore a bright red de la Renta dress at the RNC Convention in Tampa in 2012.
Today in History: Over the Falls
Oct. 22, 2014
OCTOBER 24, 1901: On her 63rd birthday, Michigan schoolteacher Annie Edson Taylor becomes the first person to ride over Niagra Falls in a barrel as a publicity stunt. Despite her admonition upon emerging — “No one ought to ever do that again!” — more than a dozen people would follow — not all of them surviving the attempt.
2003: The supersonic Concorde passenger jet makes its final flight in a high-priced, celebrity-filled jaunt from New York City to London. The Concorde pioneered high-speed commercial service, but rising operating costs and noise complaints that limited airport access ultimately grounded the distinctive aircraft.
1970: Salvador Allende becomes president of Chile and immediately sets out restructuring the nation along socialist lines and establishing relations with both China and Cuba. Despite maintaining the support of many peasants, his economic reforms devastate the economy, causing widespread strikes and food shortages. He is overturned in 1973 in a coup led by Augusto Pinochet.
OCTOBER 23, 1983: A suicide bomber drives a truck laden with explosives into the Marine Corps barracks in Beirut, killing 241 personnel. America’s participation in a multinational force overseeing the Palestinian withdrawal from Lebanon had long been troubled, and in April terrorists had struck the nearby U.S. embassy, killing 63. Remaining American troops are withdrawn in February.
2002: Some 50 Chechen rebels storm a Moscow theater, taking nearly 700 hostages and demanding that President Vladimir Putin withdraw Russian forces from the predominantly Muslim region of Chechnya. Two days later, in a controversial move, special forces pump narcotic gas into the theater before breaking in, killing most of the terrorists and 120 hostages.
1944: The massive Battle of Leyte Gulf begins to wrest control of the Philippines from the Japanese. Involving hundreds of ships across 100,000 miles of ocean, it is the largest naval battle in history and sees the first concerted use of kamikaze attacks. After three days of bloody fighting, the Imperial Japanese Navy lies broken and the empire’s vital supply routes severed.
1855: Kansas Free State forces set up an opposition government to the fraudulently elected pro-slavery legislature. The new state had been allowed to determine for itself whether to permit slavery, but the first election is marred by interference from some 5,000 “Border Ruffians” from Missouri. Among the Free State leaders is militant abolitionist John Brown.
OCTOBER 22, 1962: The Cuban Missile Crisis goes public as President Kennedy reveals the discovery of offensive Soviet missiles sites in a nationally televised address, announcing a naval quarantine that would keep the world on the edge of nuclear war for six tense days. Soviet premiere Kruschev eventually backs down in exchange for a U.S. promise not to invade Cuba.
1934: Notorious gangster Charles “Pretty Boy” Floyd is killed by FBI agents in Ohio, ending a four-year manhunt. In and out of prison during an early career in bank robbery, Floyd’s murder of a federal agent initiated the intense campaign to track him down, but he denied to his last breath his involvement in the infamous Kansas City Massacre for which he was blamed.
1797: André-Jacques Garnerin drops from a balloon 3,200 feet above Paris, demonstrating the feasibility of the parachute, a concept first conceived by Leonardo da Vinci. Garnerin’s first free fall was rough, landing his basket clumsily a half mile away, but it was the start of a long career in public performances. Two years later, Garnerin’s wife becomes the first female parachutist.
OCTOBER 21, 1797: The 44-gun heavy frigate USS Constitution is launched. The third vessel constructed for the new American Navy, Constitution first sees action against the Barbary pirates and later earns her nickname “Old Ironsides” during the War of 1812, capturing five British warships. Retired from active service in 1881, she remains the oldest commissioned naval ship still afloat.
1879: Thomas Edison perfects his incandescent light bulb, ushering in the modern era of artificial light and changing forever the working and living schedules of human society. Others had developed workable incandescent material and a vacuum chamber, but Edison was able to link his with the working power system he had invented, ensuring its widespread adoption.
1805: British Admiral Lord Nelson wins a decisive victory against a combined French and Spanish fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar. Nelson’s tactics devastate the enemy fleet, destroying 19 ships while losing none, but some 1,500 British sailors are killed or wounded, and Nelson himself is struck by a sniper’s bullet; he dies shortly after the battle.
OCTOBER 20, 1944: General Douglas MacArthur wades ashore on the island of Leyte, making good on the pledge he made to the return to the Philippines more than two years earlier. Japanese forces first invaded the island chain the day after Pearl Harbor, and MacArthur had barely escaped on direct orders from President Roosevelt after attempting a valiant defense of his adopted home.
1977: Three members of the southern rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd are killed when their plane crashes in Mississippi, including lead singer Ronnie Van Zant (first row, second from left), guitarist Steve Gaines (fourth from left), and singer Cassie Gaines. Best known for such hits as “Free Bird” and “Sweet Home Alabama,” the group had just three days earlier released their fifth album, Street Survivors.
1973: Solicitor general Robert Bork dismisses Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox following the resignation of attorney general Elliot Richardson and deputy AG William Ruckelshaus, who had both refused to fire Cox, in what would become known as the Saturday Night Massacre. Cox had just days before subpoenaed copies of White House audio recordings.
1947: The House Un-American Activities Committee opens hearings on Communist influence in Hollywood, grilling top directors, screenwriters, and others. While some witnesses name names, a group that comes to be known as the “Hollywood Ten” refuses to cooperate. Convicted of obstruction, they endure a studio blacklist that encompasses more than 300 names and lasts more than two decades.
1941: The Yorktown-class aircraft carrier USS Hornet is commissioned at Newport News, Va. Hornet would play a role in some of the WWII’s most famous Pacific battles, including launching the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo and fighting at the pivotal Battle of Midway. She was badly damaged and sunk at the Battle of Santa Cruz on October 27, 1942, the last fleet carrier to be lost in action.
OCTOBER 17, 1931: Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion, bringing the notorious Chicago crime boss’s reign to an end. Capone rose to power and national prominence as a bootlegger during Prohibition, building his empire through gangland ruthless slayings and widespread bribery. Briefly housed at Alcatraz, Capone was released in 1939.
1973: OPEC, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, begins cutting oil exports to the United States and other Western nations because of their support of Israel in the Yom Kippur War. By December OPEC stops exports altogether, creating a serious energy crisis signified by long lines at gas stations nationwide. The embargo finally ends in March 1974.
1777: British General John Burgoyne surrenders 5,000 British and Hessian troops to General Horatio Gates at the Battle of Saratoga in the first large-scale British battlefield capitulation of the Revolutionary War. Word of the Patriot triumph at Saratoga reaches France, where King Louis XVI agrees to recognize the new United States and begin sending aid.
OCTOBER 16, 1859: John Brown stages a raid on the federal armory in Harpers Ferry, Va., hoping to incite a slave revolt, but the ill-conceived plan quickly collapses and his men are captured by Marines commanded by Colonel Robert E. Lee. A Calvinist who had struggled in life before embracing the abolitionist cause, Brown’s execution would electrify the fight over slavery.
1978: Cardinal Karol Józef Wojtyła is elected pope of the Roman Catholic Church, the first non-Italian to hold the position in more than 450 years. Wojtyła takes the name John Paul II, and in his installation mass he repeats the refrain “Be Not Afraid” to the Catholic faithful, presaging a bold and popular pontificate that touches millions of lives. Wojtyła was canonized in April 2014.
1964: Communist China detonates its first atomic device, becoming the world’s fifth nuclear power. Coming just two months after the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, the move creates fear in the U.S. of a nuclear confrontation in Asia. But the Soviet Union also had concerns, and China’s bomb may have spurred Moscow to get serious about non-proliferation efforts.
1854: Attorney Abraham Lincoln denounces the Kansas-Nebraska Act and calls the institution of slavery immoral. Under the act, the two new territories would be allowed to determine the future of slavery within their borders, an accommodation that avoided confronting slavery outright. Lincoln, campaigning on behalf of abolitionist Republicans, denounced Democrats who supported the act.
OCTOBER 15, 1951: I Love Lucy debuts on CBS. Starring Lucille Ball and real-life husband Desi Arnaz, Lucy pioneers shooting in front of a live audience. Ball’s zany antics make the show the most popular in the country for four of its six seasons and earn it two Emmys for best comedy. Sixty years later the show is still in syndication and is considered a television landmark.
1917: Dancer Margaretha Geertruida MacLeod — better known to history as Mata Hari — is executed by the French military for espionage. MacLeod made a name for herself in pre-war Paris as a near-nude exotic dancer and had many lovers, including military officers. But how much she actually spied for either side remains unclear, and the German government later proclaims her innocent.
OCTOBER 14, 1947: Chuck Yeager becomes the first person to break the sound barrier, flying the bullet-shaped Bell X-1 rocket plane to more than 700 miles per hour over the Mojave Desert. Yeager’s historic feat would remain a secret for almost a year as the American jet program quickly progressed through even faster designs. By 1953, Yeager flew the X-1A at over 1,600 miles per hour.
2003: Steve Bartman reaches to catch a foul ball and breaks up a catch by Chicago Cubs outfielder Moisés Alou that may have turned the tide in a crucial game six of the National League Championship game and robbed the Cubs of a chance at the World Series. The Cubs instead surrender eight runs in the inning and lose the series. Bartman goes into hiding to avoid irate fans.
1964: The Reverand Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his leadership in the civil rights movement and commitment to non-violence. The award comes just a year after his famous “I Have a Dream” speech in Washington and on the heels of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that struck down many discriminatory laws. King donates the $54,600 prize to the movement.
1066: William the Duke of Normandy, also known as William the Conquerer, defeats King Harold II at the Battle of Hastings, bringing an end to the era of Anglo-Saxon rule in England. William’s invasion force prevailed in a long and brutal pitched battle, luring Harold’s forces out through two feigned retreats before routing them and slaying Harold. William is crowned king on Christmas day.
OCTOBER 13, 1775: The Continental Congress authorizes the raising of a naval force, the precursor of the United States Navy, and soon appoints Esek Hopkins the first naval commander-in-chief with just seven ships at his disposal. Hopkins strikes the first blow against the mighty British Navy the next year by capturing Nassau; he is later relieved of command for disobeying orders.
1967: The American Basketball Association debuts a free-wheeling counterpart to the NBA featuring red-white-and-blue balls, cheerleaders in bikinis, and the first appearance of the three-point shot. Fielding eleven teams in its first year, the ABA folds just nine years later, and some of its most-talented players, including Julius “Dr. J” Erving (pictured), would go on to NBA stardom.
OCTOBER 10, 1973: Vice president Spiro Agnew resigns after pleading no contest to charges of federal tax evasion to avoid further charges of political corruption stretching back to his days as governor of Maryland. Famous for dubbing critics of the Nixon administration “nattering nabobs of negativism,” Agnew was replaced by Gerald Ford.
1845: Fifty midshipmen begin classes at the newly established Naval School in Annapolis, Md., fulfilling Navy secretary George Bancroft’s plan to improve the training of sailors entering the lower commissioned ranks. The school is reorganized as the United States Naval Academy in 1850 and sets the template for the four-year educational program that remains to this day.
BIRTHDAYS: Born on October 10 were jazz musician Thelonious Monk (1917), chemist and discoverer of hydrogen Henry Cavendish (1731), painter Benjamin West (1738), composer Giuseppe Verdi (1813), Spanish Queen Isabella II (1830), and actress Helen Hayes (1900).
OCTOBER 9, 1967: Cuban revolutionary hero Che Guevara is executed after being captured by Bolivian soldiers. Guevara played a pivotal role in Fidel Castro’s rise to power and his bloody communist dictatorship, later traveling to Africa and then Bolivia to organize resistance fighters. A butcher in real life, after his death “Che” becomes a worldwide pop-culture icon and radical-chic martyr among leftists.
1974: German industrialist Oskar Schindler dies. During WWII, Schindler had sought his fortune in German-occupied Krakow, ingratiating himself with the ruthless commander of a nearby camp to shelter Jewish prisoners who worked in his enamelware factory. Bribing Nazi officials, he would save more than 1,000 “Schindler Jews” from the death camps.
OCTOBER 8, 1918: Corporal Alvin C. York kills more than 20 German soldiers and captures another 132 during the Meuse-Argonne offensive in France. York’s battalion took heavy casualties trying to take German machine gun positions, but the dogged York persevered. Promoted to sergeant, he remained on the front line until Armistice Day, and the next year received the Congressional Medal of Honor.
1970: Russian author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn wins the Nobel Prize for Literature. A longtime critic of the Soviet Communist system, Solzhenitsyn was imprisoned under Stalin then sent into internal exile. The Soviet government did not allow him to accept his Nobel Prize in person, and in 1974 expelled him for treason. Though he was celebrated in the West, he was also highly critical of its materialism.
1956: New York Yankees pitcher Don Larsen throws the first and to date only perfect game in a World Series, helping push the Yankees to a championship over the Brooklyn Dodgers in what would be the last all-New York series for 44 years. Larsen’s no-windup style outmatched most Dodgers he faced, but his no-hitter was saved by Mickey Mantle’s running fifth-inning catch.
1871: A fire ignited in a Chicago barn grows into a massive conflagration that destroys more than four square miles of the city, incinerating 17,000 buildings, killing more than 200 people, and leaving another 100,000 homeless. According to legend a cow owned by the O’Learys started the blaze, but in 1997 the city council officially exonerates the wayward bovine.
OCTOBER 7, 2003: Arnold Schwarzenegger is elected governor of California in an unusual recall election driven by a sluggish economy and unpopular vehicle-registration fees. A staunch Republican, Schwarzenegger announced his run on The Tonight Show and went on to best a field of 135 registered candidates in an 11-week campaign, topping the Democratic challenger by more than a million votes.
1984: Chicago Bears running back Walter Payton breaks Jim Brown’s 1965 rushing record in front of a hometown crowd at Soldier Field to become the league’s all-time leading rusher. Sensing Payton would break the record, team officials had wanted to stop the game and celebrate, but Payton insisted on keeping the on-field momentum, helping the Bears to a 20-7 win over the New Orleans Saints.
OCTOBER 3, 1927: With the words “You ain’t heard nothin’ yet,” singer Al Jolson ushers in the era of synchronized dialogue in feature-length motion pictures in The Jazz Singer. The story of a Jewish cantor’s son who runs away to pursue a musical career only to be later reconciled, the film is a major box-office hit and signals an epochal shift from the classical silent era to the “talkies.”
1981: Islamic extremists assassinate Egyptian president Anwar Sadat on the anniversary of the Yom Kippur War which had done much to raise Egyptian prestige in the Arab world despite Israel’s decisive victory. The extremists — angered by Sadat’s 1978 peace accord with Israel — wore army uniforms and assaulted during a military parade, killing ten other people as well.
1973: Egypt and Syria launch a surprise attack against Israel on the eve of the Yom Kippur holiday, striking deep into the Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights. After reeling from the initial onslaught, Israel counterattacks and after a week of intense fighting is advancing on both Damascus and Cairo. A U.N.-sponsored peace accord ends the conflict on October 25.
OCTOBER 3, 1995: A jury acquits O.J. Simpson of the murder of his ex-wife Nicole and her friend Ron Goldman after a long trial that electrified television audiences. Simpson’s defense “Dream Team” sowed doubt in a sympathetic jury by challenging a key piece of evidence, a recovered glove, and implicating racial motives in Detective Mark Fuhrman. Reactions to the verdict would split along racial lines.
1990: Less than a year after the symbolic fall of the Berlin Wall, East and West Germany declare the creation of a unified nation, ending 45 years of postwar division. Thousands of East Germans had fled west through Hungary or applied for asylum, and in July West German chancellor Helmut Kohl appealed to Russian premiere Mikhail Gorbachev to assent to reunification in exchange for sizable financial aid.
1951: New York Giants third baseman Bobby Thomson hits the “Shot Heard ‘Round the World” — a one-out, three-run homer in the bottom of the ninth inning that wins the National League pennant, capping an unlikely come-from-behind triumph over crosstown rival Brooklyn Dodgers. The Giants would take first game of the World Series against the New York Yankees but lose the series 3-1.
OCTOBER 2, 1959: Rod Serling’s anthology series The Twilight Zone debuts on CBS, inviting viewers to enter a strange new realm of television drama. Serling would write the majority of the shows, unusual morality tales often with a science-fiction twist and unexpected endings, such as “To Serve Man” (pictured). Serling’s signature monologues would cement the show’s place in popular culture.
1985: Hollywood icon Rock Hudson dies of AIDS, becoming the first major public figure to succumb to the disease. Hudson had reigned as a heartthrob movie star throughout the 1950s and 1960s in such films as Magnificent Obsession and Pillow Talk, and enjoyed a lucrative second act on the television series Dynasty. Hudson kept his homosexuality a secret until shortly before his death.
1967: Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first black justice of the United States Supreme Court. The great-grandson of a slave, Marshall had argued before the court as chief counsel for the NAACP in the pivotal Brown v. Board of Education case in 1954, a major catalyst for the civil rights movement. Marshall would make civil rights the focus of his tenure before retiring in 1991.
1950: Charles M. Schulz’s Peanuts debuts, inaugurating a 50-year run following Schulz’s alter-ego character, the sad-sack Charlie Brown, and his coterie of friends. Schulz’s art style was straightforward and spare, but he connected with readers through Brown’s introspective and stoic approach to his continuing misfortunes. By 2000 the comic was running in more than 2,500 newspapers in 75 countries.
OCTOBER 1, 1918: British officer T.E. Lawrence — known to history as “Lawrence of Arabia” — enters Damascus after the city falls to a combined Arab and British assault near the end of WWI. Lawrence had been instrumental in organizing the unlikely Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire, but his dream of a united post-war Arab nation are quickly dashed by deep-rooted factionalism.
1962: Johnny Carson takes over as host of The Tonight Show from Jack Paar, beginning a three-decade run as the king of late-night TV. Carson created the template for all that followed, and his easy demeanor and quick wit were an instant hit with viewers. His move to Burbank in 1972 cemented his role in the popular culture. Carson hosted his last show on May 22, 1992.
1961: New York Yankee outfielder Roger Maris surpasses Babe Ruth’s 1927 home-run mark, knocking his 61st of the year into the stands at Yankee Stadium in the last game of the season. In addition to a place in the record books, Maris was awarded $5,000 and a trip to the Seattle World’s Fair.
1946: The International War Crimes Tribunal in Nuremberg hands down death sentences to 12 high-ranking Nazis including Herman Goering and Joachim von Ribbentrop, and prison time for seven others. The ten-month trial, the first of its kind in history, accused defendants of everything from conspiracy to crimes against humanity. Two weeks later, ten death sentences were carried out by hanging.
1908: The first Ford Model T rolls off the assembly line in Detroit, the beginning of a production run of some 15 million vehicles that would change auto ownership from a luxury to a middle-class convenience. Though still somewhat pricey for the time, Ford kept costs down by focusing on a single version which the company built until May 1927.
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