NRO Slideshows

The Santa Maria Discovered?

An underwater archeologist claims to have discovered the wreck of the Santa Maria, the flagship of explorer Christopher Columbus on his voyage of discovery to the New World in 1492. Here’s a look.
Uploaded: May. 14, 2014


USAF's 65th Aggressor Squadron
Sep. 19, 2014
The Pentagon budget axe is falling on a unique Air Force squadron, one of only three that the flying force uses to train pilots in realistic dogfights simulating enemy aircraft. Here’s a look at the 65th Aggressor Squadron and its F-15 fighters.
The Pentagon has announced it will stand down the 65th Aggressor Squadron (65th AGRS) later this month. Stationed at Nellis Air Force Base, the 65th AGRS is one of only three Aggressor squadrons in the Air Force; the others are the 64th AGRS, also at Nellis, and the 18th AGRS at Eielson Air Force Base in Alaska. (Photo: Staff Sergeant William Coleman)
Though the Air Force will retain two operational Aggressor squadrons, the 65th AGRS is the only one that flies the F-15 Eagle; the other units fly mainly F-16 Falcons. Pictured, two 65th AGRS F-15s over the Nellis range. (Photo: Master Sergeant Scott Reed)
Aggressor squadrons specialize in simulating the tactics, tendencies, and performance of enemy aircraft during realistic air-combat training. It’s their job to behave like the real enemy aircraft pilots could face when they deploy. (Photo: Staff Sergeant William Coleman)
Aggressor pilots can simulate a range of enemy aircraft and different combat scenarios during training, mimicking not only their speed and maneuverability but how they operate individually and in groups during dogfights and other missions. (Photo: Staff Sergeant William Coleman)
While the Aggressor squadron aircraft are painted in distinctive color schemes, the key to accurately simulating an enemy fighter is the skill of the pilot in knowing how the enemy thinks and behaves and the limits of their aircraft and weapons. (Photo: Staff Sergeant William Coleman)
As one Aggressor pilot tells the military-news blog Foxtrot Alpha: “Being a really realistic bad guy is an art form not a science.” (Photo: Staff Sergeant William Coleman)
65th AGRS commander Lieutenant Colonel Greg Wintil, tells the Las Vegas Review Journal: “The tougher the sparring partner you are … the tougher that practice team is, the better the real team is when they go out and fight in combat. It’s an honor to be able to go out and train and get our forces ready for combat because we may be the last guys they see before they go out the door and fight.”
Part of Air Combat Command, the Aggressor squadrons at Nellis put fellow Air Force pilots and visiting pilots from friendly nations through their paces during the massive annual Red Flag exercises. (Photo: Airman First Class Matthew Bruch)
Held at various times each year, Red Flag see dozens of aircraft launch and recover several times each day conducting extended and detailed training over the Nevada desert. (Photo: Airman First Class Matthew Bruch)
When not training other Air Force fighter pilots, Aggressor squadrons work with the Air Force’s Fighter Weapons School testing and evaluating new tactics and weapons systems. The Aggressor squadrons host special air-combat exercises at their home base and also travel to other bases. (Photo: Technical Sergeant Michael R. Holzworth)
The Air Force’s modern Aggressor program was established in 1972 in response to the unexpectedly high air-combat losses suffered by fighter pilots during the Vietnam War and the need to improve realistic fighter pilot training. (Photo: Airman First Class Jonathan Snyder)
EAGLE DRIVERS: The F-15 Eagle flown by the 25th AGRS is a combat-proven air superiority and strike aircraft that first entered service in the mid-1970s and is still protecting American interests from bases all around the world.
F-15s are today flying over Iraq and Afghanistan and in air-police operations over the Baltic nations, among many other deployments. Pictured, two F-15s with the 48th Air Expeditionary Group in the skies over Lithuania. (Photo: Airman First Class Dana J. Butler)
The 65th AGRS currently flies 19 F-15 Eagle fighters. After the stand down, six of the squadron’s F-15s will be temporarily transferred to its sister squadron at Nellis to complete upcoming Red Flag events; other aircraft will be transferred to the Air National Guard. (Photo: Master Sergeant Kevin J. Gruenwald)
The stand down of the 65th AGRS will have an impact on training because the F-15 — noticeably larger and more powerful than the F-16 — is uniquely capable of simulating large enemy fighters such as the Russian Su-27 Flanker (pictured), a capable and lethal potential opponent.
As vital as the training the Aggressor squadrons provide is, it does not come cheap, with fuel and squadron operations during training costing around $40,000 per hour. And with other reductions in the size of the Air Force arsenal, cost was a driving reason for the stand down of the 65th AGRS. (Photo: Airman First Class Jonathan Snyder)
Though flown in important training exercises, the 65th AGRS’s F-15s are also aging aircraft, originally built in the 1970s, and the air service is busy preparing to transition to the new F-35 platform, in addition to flying the F-22 Raptors already in its inventory. (Photo: Master Sergeant Scott Reed)
The ramifications of the stand own of the 25th AGRS for the future of Air Force Aggressor training remain to be seen. Foxtrot Alpha writer Tyler Rogoway, for one, shakes his head at the squadron’s demise: “The enemy will sleep safer knowing that 65th AGRS no longer exists.” (Photo: Staff Sergeant William Coleman)
Middle East Journal
Sep. 19, 2014
National Review contributor Jillian Kay Melchior is traveling in the Middle East reporting on current events including the refugee crisis in Iraq. Here’s a look at images of her travels posted at her Instagram account @jilliankaym. Pictured, Melchior at the Blue Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey.
“Two Peshmerga troops at a base in Kurdish Iraq”
“Kurdish troops at the military base. (Don't worry, guys-- despite the heavy equipment, we were at a well-fortified location away from the front line, and I'm keeping safe.)”
“An ISIS mortar, post-U.S. airstrike, rests at Kurdish base. "You did this! Thanks!" one Peshmerga soldier jokes after learning I am American.”
“A kid carrying a Kurdish flag decorated the wall of a school in Makhmour”
“A man and his son stand in Makhmour, a town capture by ISIS, then reclaimed by Kurdish forces covered by U.S. air strikes. Today, about half the resident have returned.”
“This man slept through ISIS's siege of his city, awakening to find it occupied. He talked his way out of trouble, uneasily prayed at the mosque with the militants, then escaped during he Kurdish counter-attack that reclaimed the city. He was a crazy character, calling me "little sister!" in broken English and "La Mujer" in broken, random Spanish…”“An ISIS mortar, post-U.S. airstrike, rests at Kurdish base. "You did this! Thanks!" one Peshmerga soldier jokes after learning I am American.”
“Spires to the sun mark the Yazidi holy site in Lalesh”
“Another Yazidi sun spire in Lalesh.”
“Inside the Yazidi temple in Lalesh, worshipped tie knots in colorful silk as they make wishes. Others untie the knots later, which they say they believe releases them to heaven.”
“Two men sit in the courtyard of Lalesh, the most holy site for Yazidis. I think they're the rough equivalent of monks, but I could be wrong.”
“Some families that escaped ISIS have taken refuge in unfinished buildings with no running water”
“Displaced Iraqi Christians nap in a room of a church on Ankawa.”
“Two displaced Iraqi women”
“A Yazidi family that escaped after 8 days trapped on Mount Sinjar by ISIS. The husband has a tattoo of a heart with his wife's name written inside.”
“An Iraqi Christian man poses with his sketches of Christ, which decorate the doorframe of a church in Erbil. Refugees camp nearby.”
“Children displaced by ISIS”
“This little Yazidi girl, Claudia, 4, fled ISIS barefoot with her family, spending 8 days trapped on Mount Sinjar. You can't see it well in this photo, but her toenails are shattered and missing. She was silent during my visit, but her dad, pictured in the previous photo, says she sometimes asks whether ISIS is coming back to kill them all.”
“I spent some time this afternoon talking to this family of Iraqi Christians. The oldest sister just wants health and security for her children, including the one pictured. The younger sister wants to be a lawyer but says there are no opportunities for her in Iraq. The brother bemoaned the loss of his barbershop back home.”
“A woman described the difficulty of running from ISIS with her elderly mother-in-law, pictured, in tow.”
“Elderly Iraqi refugee women pray inside a church in Ankawa”
“A church yard in Ankawa holds tents for Christians who fled ISIS”
“Erbil, City Center”
“The citadel of Arbil, which is reportedly the oldest continuously inhabited town in the world. Its earliest historical mention dates to 2300 BC.”
“Taskim Square, #Istanbul”
“Me at the Blue Mosque #Istanbul”
“Blue Mosque, #Istanbul”
“The Hagia Sophia, #Istanbul”
“Inside the Hagia Sophia, #Istanbul”
“Men in Istanbul playing backgammon near some sweet graffiti”
“One last piece of #Istanbul graffiti”
“A Cuban cigar, mint tea and a reporter's notebook stuffed with good content — not a bad way to end an evening.”
California's King Fire
Sep. 19, 2014
Firefighters in Northern California are battling to get control over a fast-moving forest fire that has quickly grown into the second largest conflagration of the 2014 fire season. Here’s a look at the primordial landscape of the King Fire.
Overnight on Wednesday the fire grew from 27,930 acres to nearly 80,000 acres, prompting California governor Jerry Brown to declare a state of emergency in El Dorado County. As of Thursday fire authorities report the blaze was only 5% contained.
Overnight on Wednesday the fire grew from 27,930 acres to nearly 80,000 acres, prompting California governor Jerry Brown to declare a state of emergency in El Dorado County.
The King Fire is burning through an area that has been untouched by major forest fires for two decades, which has has created a dense layer of combustible material to fuel the fire.
Some 3,000 people have been evacuated, and authorities were notifying agencies as far away as Lake Tahoe in Nevada to prepare plans for possible evacuations.
By Thursday more than 4,000 firefighters from numerous state and federal agencies, including area correctional facilities, had been assigned to battle the blaze.
The assault has been joined by numerous aircraft that by mid-week had already dropped 210,000 gallons of fire retardant. Pictured, a DC-10 drops red Foscheck fire retardant over the steep terrain.
A spokesman for the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection tells the Los Angeles Times that the battle against the King Fire is “setting a world record” for use of retardant drops. Pictured, an air tanker drops fire retardant over Pollock Pines.
A helicopter descends to a lake in Pollock Pines to take in water.
The helicopter hovers over the lake to take in thousands of gallons of water. These helicoopters can draw water from natural lakes or land in buiilt-up areas to be loaded by regular firefighting equipment.
The helicopter drops its water over the high forest canopy.
Firefighters set backfires near Fresh Pond to attempt to gain control of the speed and direction of the King Fire.
Firefighters from an area correctional facility monitor a backfire set to try and contain the spread near along Highway 50.
A weary firefighter takes a break along Highway 50, sections of which have been closed due to the encroaching flames.
Smoke rises into the sky above Fresh Pond, Calif.
Firefighters navigate a surreal nighttime fire-lit landscape.
Firefighters record the progress of their work on cel-phone cameras.
Meme Watch: "War" of Words
Sep. 19, 2014
“WAR” OF WORDS: President Obama’s speech on ISIS did not impress many on either side of the political aisle, least of all the right-leaning commentariat that quickly took him to task for his shaky definitions and empty strategy. Here’s a sampling of some post-speech snark from social media.
First a constitutional scholar, now a professor of religious studies. (Image via Facebook/NOLAPDOGMEDIA)
If you can't say something nice, don't say anything at all. If you can't say something intelligent... (Image via Facebook/HeidiHarrisShow)
A lesson from the master. (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
War can wait, right now we need to dig into that pesky dictionary. (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
"Standing up" to terror. (Image via Facebook/NOLAPDOGMEDIA)
War on women? (Image via Facebook/DomTheConservative)
Good times, good times... (Image via Facebook/LiberalLogic101)
We could all use a stiff drink. (Image via Facebook/NOLAPDOGMEDIA)
As Rumsfeld might say, it's a "known known." (Image via Facebook/ThePatriotFederation)
Obama knows all about the "I-word." (Image via Facebook/ThePatriotFederation)
Dropping the K-Hammer. (Image via Facebook/KRLA870)
It's like it was right there in front of your eyes all along. (Image via Facebook/ThePatriotFederation)
Up is down, right is left, black is white (sorry, that sounded racist...) (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
An Obama press conference: The opiate of the masses. (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
The spin room on Air Force One. (Image via Facebook/ThePatriotFederation)
The White House instruction manual. (Image via
POTUS researches his ISIS speech. (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
Pity more of us couldn't slap some sense into Washington during the last election. (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
Meet MSNBC's new political analyst. (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
Hey, white horses are racist! (Image via Facebook/NOLAPDOGMEDIA)
Strutting his stuff. (Image via Facebook/BreitbartOneSilencedMillionsAwakened)
A degrading foreign policy. (Image via
Watch out ISIS: He's going to attack you with WORDS. (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
Being the leader of the free world distracts from his REAL responsibilities. (Image via
He'll start bombing as soon as he figures out what "kinetic action" is. (Image via Facebook/NOLAPDOGMEDIA)
A strongly worded statement. (Image via
Talk softly and carry a really good sand wedge. (Image via Facebook/KRLA870)
Remember when Democrats stood up to evil? We read it in a history book somewhere. (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
Obama's status of forces. (Image:
Here or there, he's always stuck in a sand trap. (Image:
It's what ISIS would call a "voter de-registration drive." (Image via Facebook/NOLAPDOGMEDIA)
Rewriting history. (Image via
Meanwhile, at the State Department JV Squad tryouts... (Image via Facebook/NOLAPDOGMEDIA)
That's what scandals are for. (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
Someone finally notices the emperor has no clothes. (Image via Facebook/NOLAPDOGMEDIA)
Enemy of the people? (Image via Facebook/BreitbartOneSilencedMillionsAwakened)
The words (on the teleprompter) are crystal clear. (Image via Facebook/NOLAPDOGMEDIA)
Hail Columbia! (Image via Facebook/OccupyThis2012)
Maybe he should have booked on Priceline. (Image via Facebook/NOLAPDOGMEDIA)
Remember, do as he says, not as he does. (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
Proper presidential priorities. (Image via Facebook/NOLAPDOGMEDIA)
The butcher's bill is still unpaid. (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
The real agenda? (Image via Facebook/NOLAPDOGMEDIA)
... not to mention a lot of our children and grandchildren. (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
Hey, after Jay Carney he'd be an upgrade. (Image via Facebook/OneNationUnderGodUSofA)
The loyal opposition is reliably silent. (Image via Facebook/ThePatriotFederation)
Meanwhile, in other brewing world conflicts... (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
Time for a review of foreign aid. (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
Deciding you need to confront evil: Even a child could do it. (Image via Facebook/NOLAPDOGMEDIA)
Fighting fire with fire? (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
Words of wisdom. (Image:
The right response. (Image via Facebook/Patriotslivefree)
If we're standing up to fight terror, we could at least be standing up for something. (Image via Facebook/RightWingRantsRaves)
So were a lot of people. (Image via Facebook/Liberals-taste-like-Chicken)
Signing off. (Image via Facebook/PunchingStupidpeopleintheface)
Cartoon of the Day
Sep. 19, 2014
The Lap Dog, by Michael Ramirez (September 19, 2014)
The ISIS Strategy, by Michael Ramirez (September 18, 2014)
Space Taxi, by Henry Payne (September 17, 2014)
ISIS, by Michael Ramirez (September 16, 2014)
Apple Watch, by Henry Payne (September 15, 2014)
A Grave Threat, by Michael Ramirez (September 12, 2014)
Treating ISIS, by Michael Ramirez (September 11, 2014)
Ray Rice Penalties, by Michael Ramirez (September 10, 2014)
Rising Sun? by Michael Ramirez (September 9, 2014)
Daily Briefing, by Michael Ramirez (September 8, 2014)
iCloud, by Michael Ramirez (September 5, 2014)
Al Gore’s 2014 Prediction, by Henry Payne (September 4, 2014)
JV, by Michael Ramirez (September 3, 2014)
Happy Labor Day, by Michael Ramirez (September 1, 2014)
Going Solo, by Michael Ramirez (August 29, 2014)
Burger King Moves to Canada, by Henry Payne (August 28, 2014)
Regional Threat, by Michael Ramirez August 27, 2014)
Ferguson, by Michael Ramirez August 26, 2014)
My Thoughts Are with You, by Michael Ramirez August 25, 2014)
Investigating Abuse, by Henry Payne (August 22, 2014)
JV . . . by Michael Ramirez August 21, 2014)
Urgent Matters, by Michael Ramirez August 20, 2014)
Sectarian Tensions, by Henry Payne (August 19, 2014)
Between Iraq and a Hard Place, by Michael Ramirez (August 18, 2014)
Mind if I Play Through? by Michael Ramirez (August 15, 2014)
Fun • ny, by Henry Payne (August 14, 2014)
Tax Inversion, by Michael Ramirez (August 13, 2014)
Mission Iraq, by Henry Payne (August 12, 2014)
Trampled Under Foot, by Michael Ramirez (August 11, 2014)
Friendly Fire, by Michael Ramirez (August 8, 2014)
WHUAC, by Henry Payne (August 7, 2014)
Kerry, 1943, by Henry Payne (August 6, 2014)
What Cold War? by Michael Ramirez (August 5, 2014)
Regime Change, by Michael Ramirez (August 4, 2014)
Good News, by Michael Ramirez (August 1, 2014)
Incompetent, by Michael Ramirez (July 31, 2014)
Little Dutch Boy, by Michael Ramirez (July 30, 2014)
Perch, by Henry Payne (July 29, 2014)
Human Shields, by Michael Ramirez (July 28, 2014)
Putin’s Reset, by Michael Ramirez (July 25, 2014)
Presidents During a Crisis, by Michael Ramirez (July 24, 2014)
Wide Open, by Michael Ramirez (July 23, 2014)
Transparent, by Michael Ramirez (July 22, 2014)
Out, by Henry Payne (July 21, 2014)
Why? by Michael Ramirez (July 18, 2014)
LeBron, by Henry Payne (July 17, 2014)
Ha-Mas, by Michael Ramirez (July 16, 2014)
The Pawn, by Michael Ramirez (July 15, 2014)
Tear Down This Wall, by Michael Ramirez (July 14, 2014)
Obama’s Katrina, by Michael Ramirez (July 11, 2014)
Before and After, by Michael Ramirez (July 9, 2014)
I Don’t Know Why They’re Flooding the Borders, by Michael Ramirez (July 8, 2014)
Equal Justice, by Henry Payne (July 7, 2014)
The Times, July 4, 1776, by Henry Payne (July 4, 2014)
Happy Birthday, America, by Michael Ramirez (July 3, 2014)
Help Center, by Michael Ramirez (July 2, 2014)
5-4, by Henry Payne (July 1, 2014)
Rip Van Media, by Michael Ramirez (June 30, 2014)
The Piñata, by Michael Ramirez (June 27, 2014)
The Plan, by Michael Ramirez (June 26, 2014)
Red . . . by Henry Payne (June 24, 2014)
Iran to the Rescue, by Michael Ramirez (June 23, 2014)
White House to the Rescue, by Michael Ramirez (June 20, 2014)
Gap, by Henry Payne (June 19, 2014)
Baghdad Bobama, by Michael Ramirez (June 18, 2014)
Missing, by Michael Ramirez (June 17, 2014)
Dead Broke, by Michael Ramirez (June 14, 2014)
Clinton Problems, by Michael Ramirez (June 13, 2014)
To Faithfully Execute . . . by Michael Ramirez (June 12, 2014)
Broke, by Michael Ramirez (June 11, 2014)
Talking Bergdahl, by Michael Ramirez (June 10, 2014)
Lemon, by Henry Payne (June 9, 2014)
The Imperial President, by Michael Ramirez (June 6, 2014)
Cutting Carbon, by Henry Payne (June 5, 2014)
The Obama Emporium, by Michael Ramirez (June 4, 2014)
After You, by Michael Ramirez (June 3, 2014)
It Was the Weather, by Michael Ramirez (June 2, 2014)
The West Point Address, by Michael Ramirez (May 30, 2014)
First Read About It in the Newspaper, by Michael Ramirez (May 29, 2014)
General Motors Theater, by Henry Payne (May 27, 2014)
Freedom, by Henry Payne (May 26, 2014)
Hope . . . by Henry Payne (May 24, 2014)
Fallen Soldiers, by Michael Ramirez (May 23, 2014)
Outraged? by Lisa Benson (May 22, 2014)
Obamacare, Brought to You by . . . by Henry Payne (May 21, 2014)
Now You Know How We Feel, by Michael Ramirez (May 20, 2014)
#You Think? by Michael Ramirez (May 18, 2014)
#BringBack . . . by Michael Ramirez (May 16, 2014)
Gospel Reading, by Michael Ramirez (May 15, 2014)
Today’s Lecture, by Henry Payne (May 14, 2014)
Truth, by Michael Ramirez (May 13, 2014)
Clinton Celebrity Gala, by Henry Payne (May 12, 2014)
Segregation, by Michael Ramirez (May 10, 2014)
Weather, by Michael Ramirez (May 9, 2014)
Under the Rug, by Henry Payne (May 7, 2014)
What Kind of Country? by Henry Payne (August 7, 2014)
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Sep. 19, 2014
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Operation Market Garden
Sep. 18, 2014
September marks the 70th anniversary of Operation Market Garden in WWII, the daring Allied airborne strike into occupied Holland. Had it worked it could have hastened the end of the war in Europe, but key failures in execution turned it instead into a costly disaster. Here’s a look.
Just a few months after the D-Day landings the Allied breakout from Normandy had slowed as advancing forces neared Germany. British General Montgomery (pictured at center) saw a chance to bypass the fortifications along the Siegried and strike at the heart of Germany. (Photo: Imperial War Museum)
Market Garden would be the largest airborne operation in history, utilizing three divisions of more than 30,000 British and American paratroopers, newly organized into the First Allied Airborne Army and under British command. (National Archives)
Montgomery’s plan was divided into two parts: MARKET was the airborne assault to capture eight key bridges along a 64-mile corridor in occupied Holland near the towns of Eindhoven, Nijmegen, and Arnhem. Pictured, American airborne troopers prep for the assault. (IWM)
GARDEN would see armor and infantry of the British XXX Corps race to the captured bridges and seize control of Arnhem, then push across the Rhine into the industrial heartland of Germany. Pictured, Irish Guards Group tanks on the move. (IWM)
On September 17, 1944, 1,500 aircraft ferried more than 34,000 paratroopers with the American 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions and the British First Airborne Divisions into Holland, where Allied bombing had decimated German anti-aircraft batteries. (National Archives)
Allied aircraft would ferry 5,300 tons of equipment and 1,900 vehicles into the fight. Pictured, paratroopers descend outside Arnhem. (IWM)
The success of Montgomery’s hastily-planned campaign relied on extremely swift execution by the airborne elements to capture and hold the bridges until the main armored element could move in. (IWM)
British armored units had to get to Arnhem within two to three days to relieve the airborne units and consolidate their position or the operation would falter. Pictured, British airborne take cover at Arnhem. (IWM)
German forces pressed several advantages, including blocking the narrow ground corridors to slow the Allied advance. And in a vital intelligence failure, the entire operational plan had also been seized from an officer killed in the initial assault. Pictured, German soldiers advance on Oosterbeek. (IWM)
The airborne assault saw initial success, and even where German defenses were unexpectedly strong the units managed to capture most of their objectives, and British armor began to press forward. Pictured, British tanks cross the bridge at Nijmegen. (IWM)
But mounting logistical problems would prove disastrous, keeping the operation’s airborne and armored elements separated at key points and trapping airborne units behind enemy lines. (IWM)
Delays were compounded by fierce German counterattacks. Nine days into the operation — with XXX Corps’s tanks just a few miles from the ultimate objective at Arnhem — British commanders ordered a retreat. In some cases, forced to abandon their positions under fire, Allied troops had to fight their way out. (IWM)
Market Garden came close to succeeding, but ultimately faltered under too many separate objectives and delaying factors, compounded by unexpectedly strong German defenses. Pictured, 101st Airborne troopers inspect a crashed glider aircraft. (National Archives)
British airborne casualties numbered nearly 1,500, with another 6,500 taken prisoner. Of the 10,000 troops that had landed at Arnhem, just over 2,000 escaped to safety. XXX Corps suffered 1,400 casualties. Pictured, British paratroopers at Oosterbek, the scene of particularly intense fighting. (IWM)
On the American side, elite airborne units founds themselves slogging it out in defensive positions, sometimes cut off from relief and resupply. The 82nd Airborne suffered 1,400 casualties, while the 101st lost 2,100 killed in action or injured. (National Archives)
Holland would remain in German hands for nearly the entire war, and the Allied advance into Germany would not occur until March. Pictured, an American GI cameraman with two young children in Nijmegen. (National Archives)
FIRST ALLIED AIRBORNE ARMY : British paratrooper with the 21st Independent Parachute Company assemble at an airfield in Gloucestershire. (IWM)
British First Airborne Division troopers climb aboard a C-47 transport plane. (IWM)
U.S. 82nd Airborne Division troopers prepare to board their C-47 aircraft. (National Archives)
A glider tug hauling British First Airborne Division troopers takes from an airfield at Oxfordshire. (IWM)
American airborne troops wait for the green light to jump. (National Archives)
C-47s towing gliders head out for Holland. (National Archives)
A line of C-47 aircraft flies over the Belgian city of Gheel on the way to Holland. (IWM)
The scale of the airborne operation is visible in this overhead view of aircraft on the ground and dropping paratroopers west of Arnhem. (IWM)
A C-47 explodes on landing in Holland. (National Archives)
Headquarters troops of the FIrst Airlanding Light Regiment unload on the ground. (IWM)
Medics with the 101st Airborne unload a jeep from the nose of a glider. (National Archives)
British First Airborne Division troopers on the ground west of Arnhem. (IWM)
IN THE FIGHT: A German artillery round explodes as American 82nd Airborne paratroopers advance on Nijmegen. (National Archives)
British troopers take cover in roadside ditches during fighting in Oosterbeek. (IWM)
British troops dug in near Arnhem. (IWM)
American paratroopers on the move. (National Archives)
Members of the Dutch underground share information with 101st Airborne Division troopers. (National Archives)
Tanks with the Second Welsh Guards cross the bridge at Nijmegen. (IWM)
American tow planes carry gliders over a windmill in Eindhoven a week into the operation. (AP)
British paratroopers search for snipers in Oosterbeek. (IWM)
British First Airborne Division troopers take cover near Oosterbeek. (IWM)
American paratroopers top off their ammunition at a XXX Corps distribution point. (National Archive)
British 50th Division infantry march past a disabled German 88mm gun near the Meuse-Escaut Canal. (IWM)
British troopers on the march towards Arnhem.
American paratroopers on the march in Nijmegen. (National Archives)
Citizens of Nijmegen round up Nazi collaborators after Allied forces liberated the city. (National Archives)
Aerial view of the heavy damage to the city of Nijmegen. (National Archives)
Scottish Independence Referendum
Sep. 17, 2014
After a passionate debate over the issue of independence that touched on political, economic, and cultural issues, Scots on Thursday voted to stay British, turning down the independence initiative by a health 55% to 45% margin. Here’s a look at election night and the colorful campaign that preceded it.
The front pages of some of the top newspapers in Scotland and England.
A stack of "No" ballots at the Royal Highland Center in Edinburgh. With about 4.2 million registered voters, election turnout was estimated at more than 84%.
The final margin was largely than recent polls had suggested, representing a strong vote for unity in the United Kingdom. Only last week at least one poll showed a majority of Scots favored independence, a result that rallied pro-union voices in Scotland and England and ramped up a serious campaign by top politicians.
Supporters of independence light torches in George Square as the polls closed.
Optimistic "Yes" supporters in George Square.
Pro-union supports rejoice at "Better Together" campaign headquarters in Glasgow.
Scottish deputy first minister Nicola Sturgeon watches the election returns in Glasgow.
A "Better Together" pro-union supporter in Glasgow cries tears of relief.
"No" campaign supporters celebrate in Glasgow.
"No" campaign supporters catch some sleep at the "Better Together" headquarters.
Pro-independence supporters reach the end of the line in George Square, Glasgow
A "Yes" supporter is overcome with emotion in George Square.
Another "Yes" supporter in George Square in Glasgow.
THE REFERENDUM CAMPAIGN: Scotland’s historic referendum on independence from Great Britain generated a passionate debate on both sides of the border. Here’s a look at the sights as top politicians and everyday citizen engage in some very colorful campaigning.
Recent polls suggesting the pro-independence “Yes” campaign may prevail has caused a whirlwind of activity as politicians and citizens seek to influence Thursday’s referendum. A vote for Scottish independence would mean a historic break in the more than 300-year-old union, creating a range of new opportunities and problems with ramifications far beyond the British Isles.
Scottish first minister Alex Salmond — pictured lower right with the “One Opportunity” sign — has been omnipresent during the independence referendum campaign, beating the drum for the pro-independence cause across Scotland.
Salmond sports a pair of “Aye” cupcakes during a campaign stop in Kilmarnock.
Salmond makes the case for independence to the next generation of Scots at the Time Twisters indoor park in Edinburgh.
Salmond poses for a selfie at a pro-independence rally in Stirling.
Scottish and English politicians have hit the campaign trail with gusto in recent weeks, making the case for independence and for preserving the union. Pictured, British Labour Party leader Ed Miliband speaks to “vote no” supporters during an appearance in Edinburgh.
British prime minister David Cameron looks serious at a speed in Aberdeen. Cameron has been criticized for acceding to conditions in the referendum campaign that have favored the pro-independence cause.
Pro-independence Scottish deputy first minister Nicola Sturgeon eats a “Yes” cupcake with constituents in Renfrew.
British deputy prime minister Nick Clegg meets pro-unioners at a rally in Selkirk.
British shadow secretary of state for international development Jim Murphy holds a carton of eggs at an event on The Mound in Edinburg. Murphy had been pelted with eggs by independence supporters at a previous event.
London mayor Boris Johnson gives a lesson in Latin a the East London Science School in Newham. Johnson’s message reads: “London loves Scotland, don’t leave us.”
Former British prime minister Gordon Brown makes the pro-union cast at Scottish Labour campaign headquarters in Glasgow.
Former British deputy prime minister John Prescott urges Scots to vote “No” at a rally in Glasgow.
Scottish Labour Party member Kezia Dugdale stands with pro-union supporters who have questions about what independence will mean for Scotland.
COLORFUL CHARACTERS: The referendum debate touches not only practical political and economic issues but deep-seated notions of culture and national identity. As a result, passions have been high on both sides. Pictured, members of the King of Scots Robert the Bruce Society flay Scottish flags — the blue-and-white saltire and the Royal Standard — at Loch Lomond.
A member of the King of Scots Robert the Bruce Society holds a traditional Scottish claymore sword as his fellow society members wave flags at a press event in Loch Lomond.
A bagpiper provides the proper musical ambience for a rally in George Square in Glasgow.
A man wears traditional Scots dress at an event in Glasgow.
The long-running Judge Dredd comic book marks the referendum with a Scots-themed edition, where a futuristic state named Calhab is policed by Dredd’s Braveheart-themed colleague Judge Ed MacBrayne.
Run for the border: Pranksters set up a “Scottish Border Agency” checkpoint near Jedburgh.
Comedian Eddie Izzard rallies pro-Union crowds in Trafalgar Square.
A pro-independence Scot campaigns in Aberdeen.
A pro-independence voter lets it (almost) all hang out courtesy of a micro-mini kilt.
Dundee tattoo artist Andy Burns makes the two-fisted case for independence.
Fashion designer Vivian Westwood displays a “Yes” button supporting Scottish independence at a London Fashion Week event.
Do the omens portend Scottish independence? Pictures from social media show a Britain-shaped cloud and fried chicken breast that both appear to be missing the Scotland part.
An Edinburgh bakery covers all its bases with cupcakes decorated with Scottish saltire flags (left), Union jacks, and a question mark for undecideds.
A pro-union Edinburgher displays a “No” sticker on her iPhone.
A pro-independence “Scotsmannequin” looms over a rally in Glasgow.
Chris Law poses with his independence-themed fire engine at the Faslane Peace Camp.
Gone to the Dogs: A pair of canines sport Union Jack and Scottish saltire flags at the Birnham Highland Games.
SIGNS OF THE TIMES: Pro-independence Scots picnic near the border crossing at Berwick-upon-Tweed under fictional signs that advertise an “Independent Scotland” featuring “Free Tea & Cakes.”
A llama considers a “Yes” sign outside Selkirk.
A bride-to-be in Edinburgh gets caught up in the pro-independence fervor.
A protestor holds a sign challenging British prime minister David Cameron in Glasgow.
Socialist Labour Party member Nicola Sturgeon preps some children at a pro-indepdence rally in Bathgate.
Glasgow residents carry competing signs.
Pro-independence campaigners march in Glasdow.
“Yes” supporters protest perceived bias at the BBC.
A young socialist makes the case for independence outside the BBC offices in Glasgow.
Scottish Labour supporters display pro-union signs in Glasgow.
“Yes” supporters make their case outside a speech by British prime minister David Cameron in Glasgow.
“Yes” and “No” supporters jockey for position at a Better Together rally in Edinburgh.
Pro-Union youngsters display “Vote Naw” signs in Edingburgh.
Pro-independence voters carry a banner critical of BBC correspondent Nick Robinson outside the broadcaster’s offices in Glasgow.
A pro-independence sign in Selkirk defaced with pro-union graffiti.
A sign in a field outside Strathblane has been repeatedly defaced by opposing sides on the independence referendum.
A pro-union sign gets right to the point in a field near Drymen.
A cafe in England near the Scottish border warns of the imminent cultural divide.
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