Naked Evolution Doesn't Explain Human Exceptionalism
I am not so much interested in why and how human beings became exceptional, just in defending the fact that we are.
But others keep trying. Darwinists are apparently having fits figuring it all out. From The Economist story:
Scientist: We Are Not "Just Apes"
Defending human exceptionalism can be a lonely job these days.
So many in the science community, participants in the increasingly radical environmental movement, animal rights ideologues, and even some of the most mainstream writers in the popular media, have become ...
Radical Environmentalist Admits Human Exceptionalism
The New York Times often publishes articles and columns denigrating of human exceptionalism.
But its anti-human meme sometimes crashes with its focus on convincing us to cut off our noses to spite our collective faces in order to “save the ...
Pfizer Says No Use of Drugs in Assisted Suicide
Pfizer has instructed that none of its drugs and medicines be used to kill in assisted suicide. From the company’s press release:
Pfizer strongly objects to the use of its products as lethal injections for capital punishment.
Ontario MDs Reject Hippocrates for Kevorkian
First the Canadian Supreme Court imposes the world’s most radical right to be made dead by euthanasia policy in the world as a Charter right.
The Liberal Parliament is now in the process of legislating euthanasia legalization, and has ...
Erasing the Truth About Planned Parenthood
To The Source asked me to give my impressions of the Planned Parenthood “fetal parts for sale” imbroglio. I was happy to oblige.
Sadly, I am not surprised that the scandal–and that’s what it is–has been forcibly ...
Total Non-Cooperation with Assisted Suicide
Over at First Things, I offer some suggestions for those living in the few jurisdictions that have legalized assisted suicide/euthanasia; refuse all participation and complicity.
What would that look like? From, “Declare Total Non-Cooperation with Assisted Suicide:”
1. Do not ...
Euthanasia "Treatment" for Suicide by Starvation
We are creating a culture of death where, in essence, suicidal people can coerce the medical system into providing euthanasia.
Here’s what I mean. If a despairing person does not qualify to be killed under a legalized euthanasia/assisted ...
Scientific American has actually published a column that supports a proper morality. And by Michael Shermer, no less!
Shermer identifies Malthusianism as one of the most destructive forces ever to infect science. From, “Why Malthus is Still Wrong:”
On the ...
Colorado Attempt to Allow Disabled Euthanasia
When people say assisted suicide is only for the terminally ill, I know they are either lying or ignorant of what the movement really wants.
If suicide or killing is an acceptable response to a terminal diagnosis, why not also ...
Taking the Intimacy Out of Family Creation
The intellectual class drives our public policy discussions. Perhaps that is why there is such a push for eugenics in reproduction.
The latest example comes from Stanford bioethicist Hank Greely, who enthusiastically predicts that future children will routinely come into ...
Continuing Education Credit On Starvation Suicide
There was a better time when a medical professional facilitating suicide by starvation would have brought professional discipline.
No more. Now, it–voluntary stop eating and drinking (VSED)–is the subject of continuing education credits for medical professionals. From the ...
Belgium Combines Organ Donation Presumed Consent, Euthanasia
A just published article in the Journal of Medical Ethics argues for allowing killing by organ removal as a form of euthanasia and organ donation. More, over at The Corner.
The authors mention that Belgium has “presumed consent” for organ ...
World Notices Environmentalist Anti-Humanism
I had a long interview the other day with a reporter from World magazine about the current trend to push global warming hysteria in youth fiction.
That got us into a discussion of how anti-humanism is infesting the environmentalist movement. ...
"Right" to be Made Dead Trumps Freedom of Religion
I have spent a great deal of time lately exposing Canada’s pending war against religious liberty that would force dissenting doctors, nurses, and religious healthcare institutions to cooperate with euthanasia.
Now in Belgium, a socialist member of Parliament doesn’...
Bioethicist's Unprincipled Attack on Not Dead Yet
Some bioethicists are not nearly as smart as they think.
Witness this attack by University of Ottawa professor Stuart Chambers on the disability rights advocacy organization Not Dead Yet for its opposition to legalizing assisted suicide and euthanasia.
Chambers calls ...
Euthanasia Trumps Religious Liberty in Canada
I have never seen a society jump so enthusiastically into the abyss that is the culture of death as Canada has in the last year.
Once the Supreme Court ended the assisted suicide debate by fiat, euthanasia boosters stopped pretending ...
Groningen U Slogan Should Be "We Kill Babies"
Doctors at the Groningen University Medical Center commit infanticide.
If a baby is born with serious disabilities–and the death doctors conclude they will have an “unlivable life”–the baby’s fate is often to be on the receiving end ...
New and Old Eugenics Reject Human Exceptionalism
Buck v Bell was one of the most pernicious Supreme Court decisions ever written. Authored by the odious social Darwinist Oliver Wendell Holmes, the 1927 8-1 ruling permitted an innocent woman named Carrie Buck to be involuntarily sterilized.
Apparently there is ...
Oh Boy! It's Euthanasia Week!
Euthanasia hardly seems a subject for celebrating–even if one supports its legalization.
But the death obsessers at the Netherlands Voluntary Euthanasia Society are so excited at the 15th anniversary of formal legalization in that country (which has actually had ...
Euthanasia Archives Destroyed?
Historian Ian Dowbiggin wrote a splendid history of the euthanasia movement back in 2003. It was thorough, detailed, and objective.
The movement cooperated with Dowbiggin by making its archives available for his use. But now, they may have been destroyed. From, “...
Hillary Clinton Punts on Assisted Suicide
Hillary Clinton has a shriveled moral core. When asked about one of the most important and radical social agendas the other night–the euphemistic, “death with dignity”–she wouldn’t take a position.
From the Politico story:
At the town ...
Let the Human Genetic Engineering Begin!
The West is apparently congenitally incapable of restraining Brave New World.
In the cause of eliminating suffering by any means necessary, no technology–including lethal–is apparently off limits.
Now, the we-never-say-no UK Embryo Authority–which once approved attempts at ...
Canada Losing Right to Call Self Free
Canada is fast transforming into a full-fledged, banshee-shrieking, culture of death.
That requires authoritarian measure, and so efforts are underway to punish provinces that don’t ensure access to euthanasia. From the Ottawa Citizen story:
Provinces that refuse to offer ...
Monkey "Head Transplant" Animal Abuse
This is so probably a hoax, but respectable media are covering it as if it isn’t, so let’s assume that a mad scientist actually did do a head transplant on a monkey. From the Telegraph story:
According to ...
Canadian Doctors Abject Surrender to Euthanasia
The complete and abject acquiescence of the Canadian medical establishment to their Supreme Court’s order transforming doctors from healers into killers is both disheartening and astonishing.
One of the most radical transformations in the role of the doctor in ...
Using David Bowie to Promote Assisted Suicide
From all accounts that I have read, rock star David Bowie died naturally of cancer.
But a writer in The Guardian strives mightily to tie his natural demise to assisted suicide. From, “David Bowie Planned His Death,” by Ann Neumann:
Vexatious PETA Abuses Judicial Process
PETA frequently abuses the judicial processes of this country to file frivolous lawsuits toward the end of garnering publicity.
Latest example: PETA filed suit to grant a copyright to a monkey that unknowingly took its own “selfie.” That case was, ...
Anti-Semitic Rant Proves Absurdity of Animal Rights
An anti-Semitic woman has claimed that killing Jews is, at most, an “animal rights” issue. From the BPR story:
“The people who say that these stabbings are haram are trying to give the impression that they are sensitive, delicate people, ...
Media Always Shocked at Visible Euthanasia Truths
I have been working against euthanasia/assisted suicide since 1993. During that time, I have seen a lot.
But there has been one consistent theme that cuts across Kevorkian, to the Hemlock Society’s Compassion and Choices’ agendas, to the Netherlands: ...
Futile Care Attack Victim Dies
David Christopher Dunn, whom Houston Methodist Hospital tried to deny wanted life-sustaining treatment, has died.
Dunn authorized a constitutional attack on Texas’s odious futile care law. For the sake of future Chris Dunns, I hope that case is not ...
Media Assisted Suicide Pimps
Once again a beautiful woman with brain cancer has been named a person ”of the year” by a media outlet for pursing assisted suicide.
You will recall that CNN named Brittany Maynard an “extraordinary woman of the year” for committing ...
Anti-Animal Research Hurts Humans
“Animal rights” is not the same thing as being nicer to animals. That is animal welfare.
Animal rights is an ideology. Its adherents disdain human exceptionalism and embrace a belief system that what gives a “being” moral value–and hence, ...
The Coming Euthanasia Bureaucracy
They say that evil eventually becomes banal. If that is true, that tells us about the future of euthanasia, which a Canadian writer sees as becoming bureaucratized. From, “A Major Shift is Happening in the Meaning of Death,” by Joseph ...
"Millenials Face Own Funerals" Illustrates Culture of Death
I was once asked by a Hemlock Society member, “Mr. Smith, how do you envision your death?”
I was a bit perplexed by the question. “Ma’am,” I replied. “I’m still trying to envision my life.”
I thought of ...
Quebec Euthanasia: Pause Before the Hurricane
A brief pause before the killing agenda to come in Canada.
A court has restrained Quebec’s euthanasia law from going into effect. From the Globe and Mail story:
The injunction sought by the Quebec-based Coalition of Physicians for Social ...
Don't Allow Government "Certified' Advance Directives
The Medicare Choices and Empowerment Act seeks to promote advance directives. But it does so by having the growing the federal government’s intrusion into our private affairs.
First, it would pay Medicare beneficiaries $75 to fill out an advance directive (...
Your Brain Frozen is You Permanently Dead
Ah, the transhumanists. They mostly don’t believe in anything beyond the nakedly material, but like those who are theistically minded, they hope to live forever.
So, rather than prayer or repentance, they turn to technology.
A company called Humai ...
Never Enough Death for Euthanasia Fanatics
There is a logic to the euthanasia movement. Once becoming dead is transformed into a fundamental civil right, there is almost no limit to the killing/suicide license thereby created.
Case in point. The Voluntary Euthanasia Society in the Netherlands ...
Ten Percent of Elders Abused
There is a phenomenon in assisted suicide advocacy, I call it Euthanasia World, in which a terrible problem is discussed with nary a mention that it could impact decisions for assisted suicide.
For example, one day citizens of Euthanasia World ...
Evolutionist: Humans are NOT Apes
I always tell people who ask, that human exceptionalism does not depend on religion.
Indeed, whether we became human via pure natural selection, intelligent design, Creation, or other means, what matters is not “how,” we got here but “who” we ...
Pushing Validated Suicide in Palliative Care Journal
Well, this is shameful.
Palliative care isn’t the same thing at all as assisting suicide. Yet, the Journal of Palliative Care has an article by assisted suicide promoters on the “clinical criteria” for a doctor prescribing poison to a ...
Medicare to Pay for End-of-Life Planning
I have no objections to paying doctors to help people plan the kind treatment they would want if incapacitated. And now, Medicare is paying for it. From the New York Times story:
Under the rule, officials said, Medicare would pay $86 ...
Horrible UK End-of-Life Care Pushes Assisted Suicide
A Netherlander death doctor once notoriously said he had little need for palliative care because he had euthanasia.
Negligence and lousy medicine can also push desperate people into assisted suicide rather than face awful conditions. That is apparently what is ...
Cow Cloning Disaster a Warning Against Human Cloning
Dolly was manufactured to open the way for cloned “transgenic” animal herds, that is cloned sheep containing a few human genes so they exude useful medical substances in their milk.
Dolly died young, perhaps because she was cloned. But the ...
Assisted Suicide Coercion Happens Behind Closed Doors
Assisted suicide propagandists insist that doctors will never assist suicides if they think a person is being coerced to die.
How in the hell would they know? Family pressure isn’t exerted with a gun to the head that can ...
Biological colonialism happens in the USA, as well as in poorer nations.
And as in those places, it can be deadly. An American woman has died while acting as a surrogate for a Spanish couple, as did the twins she ...
MDs: Declare Total Non-Cooperation with Euthanasia!
The cowardly Canadian Medical Association went “neutral’ on euthanasia before it was forced nationwide by that country’s Supreme Court.
An encouraging 63% of doctors say they won’t participate. So, euthanasia zealots–many in the medical establishment–are moving toward ...
Assisted Suicide Comes to California
I am mourning the betrayal by Governor Jerry Brown of all that is decent and right in medical ethics and healthcare policy.
For those interested, I posted my initial reaction over at The Corner.
This is a sad day, perhaps ...
Adult Stem Cells Effective Against MS
THIS CAN’T BE TRUE! Embryonic stem cells are the ONLY HOPE, “the scientists” and their media and celebrity camp followers repeatedly insisted–as they urged priority funding for studies from embryonic.
Except, those who argued that adult stem cells ...
Oh brother: Now "Euthanasia" is "Dignicide"
The euthanasia movement has always been about finding words and terms to mask the harshness of killing as a response to suffering.
Indeed, the word “euthanasia”–good death–did not originally refer to killing. Rather, it meant dying peacefully in ...
OK Governor Right to Veto Bill Outlawing Abortion
Pro-lifers are so well-intentioned, their commitment to protecting innocent human life at all stages so absolute, that they sometimes give their hearts too much control over their brains, tactics, and strategies.
Take the recent bill passed by the Oklahoma Legislature ...
Einstein's Clone Wouldn't BE "Einstein"
As the world sleeps, scientists are moving forward full speed ahead to perfect human cloning.
Really, Wesley, why that’s…Look, Kim Kardashian’s butt!
Back to my point: Various bioethicists discuss this potential in a story published by The ...
Artificial Womb Will Not Reduce Abortion
Fordham University professor Charles Camosy argues in the Daily News that the creation of an artificial placenta in which gestating babies can be maintained pre-viability will have a major impeding impact on abortion law. From, “The Coming Abortion Earthquake:”
Assisted Suicide MDs Would Never be Convicted of Fraud
The Justice Department has convicted two doctors for falsely diagnosing patients as “terminal” to qualify for hospice care. From the U.S. Attorney’s press release:
Two doctors were found guilty today of federal health care fraud charges for falsely ...
Death as Sociological Opens Door to Evil
Maintaining the concept of “death” as a biological, rather than sociological, event is one of the few remaining impediments to exploiting the most weak and vulnerable among as mere natural resources.
If death can be “redefined”–an ongoing project in ...
If Brain Death Reversible, It Isn't "Dead"
There is only one type of death but two means of declaring a person “dead.”
One is the irreversible cessation of cardio/pulmonary function. Let’s call that “heart death.”
The other is total brain failure, or the irreversible cessation ...
Assisted Suicide Advocacy & the Increase in Suicides
There has been a huge and alarming increase in the U.S. suicide rate. From the CDC announcement:
From 1999 through 2014, the age-adjusted suicide rate in the United States increased 24%, from 10.5 to 13.0 per 100,000 population, with the pace of increase greater after 2006…
Canada's Prescription for Getting Away with Murder
The Canadian government has tabled its new euthanasia bill–and as expected, it will be the most radical in the world.
Since the death doctor need not be present at the demise, the bill creates an unprecedented license for family ...
Adult Stem Cell Success Against Myasthenia Gravis
And another very hopeful adult stem cell regenerative medicine success.
Myasthenia gravis is a serious neuromuscular disease that causes progressive disability. In an early human study, success in beating it into remission. From the MedPage Today story:
In patients with ...
Euthanasia by Live Organ Harvesting
For years, I have documented the growing calls within bioethics and organ transplant medicine to kill the dead donor rule to allow live organ harvesting.
Over at First Things, I note that euthanasia and organ harvesting have been conjoined in ...
Canada Physician Assistants Want in on Euthanasia Kill
How radical is Canada’s pending euthanasia scourge likely to become? Beyond anything I would have predicted even a year ago.
No place in the world that permits active lethal injection euthanasia lets anyone but death doctors do the dirty ...
Suicide Prevention Should Decry Assisted Suicide
Suicide prevention specialists continue to try and pretend that the ubiquitous pro-suicide advocacy in the media and popular culture doesn’t have an adverse impact on the field overall.
Now, the NIH is going to convene a workshop on preventing ...
Your Personality in a Robot Not "You"
Transhumanism is a materialistic religion that seeks to attain the comforts provided by faith through belief in technology as savior.
One aspect of the movement is the quest for eternal life. Now, a Russian hyper-rich mogul hopes to live forever ...
Adult Stem Cells Cure Blindness
If this human breakthrough had occurred with embryonic stem cells, the front page stories would have screamed around the world.
But it was adult stem cells and so the reporting was muted. You see, the media still–after all these ...
Animal rights activists lie through their vegan teeth about the nutritional properties of meat.
We are told that human beings are natural herbivores, which is a crock.
We are told that meat is biologically bad for us. In moderation, that ...
Canada Judge Condemns ALS Patient to Death
Canada is implacably against the death penalty. Yet it will soon embrace a regime of wild, wide-open euthanasia imposed on the nation by its Supreme Court.
Killing murderers bad, killing the sick, disabled, mentally ill, and depressed, who have not ...
Don't Rush to Declare Brain Death
In the wake of recent events in the Jahi McMath imbroglio, another young teenage girl was declared brain dead.
Except she wasn’t. From the People story:
A 14-year-old girl who was shot in the head allegedly by a Michigan ...
A Physicist Extols Human Exceptionalism
Many in the life sciences attack human exceptionalism as necessarily predicated on religion–it can be but it’s also not–and as reflecting an unwarranted hubris.
To many of these, we are just another animal in the forest, while ...
Until Canada’s radical Supreme Court ruling imposing a positive right to euthanasia on the entire country goes into effect, suicidal ill and disabled people can apply to a court for a license to be killed.
From the “...
Dolphin Females Forced into Gang Intercourse
One of the distinctions between humans and animals is that we are a moral species. Only we create moral codes through rational means–which is one reason they differ from society to society.
Animals are amoral. Whatever morality they appear ...
Euthanasia Virus Stronger Than Anger Over Abuse
Generally speaking, once assisted suicide or euthanasia is legalized, people give a fig about abuses.
The media rarely cover such situations, and even when they do, people shrug. They either don’t care or don’t want to think about ...
2000 Belgian Euthanasia Killings in 2015
The more a population accepts killing as an acceptable response to human suffering, the wider the categories of acceptable euthanasia becomes–and the more people are killed.
Belgium validates that premise. In 2015, a record number of people died by lethal ...
Normalizing Elder Couple Joint Suicides
People keep pretending that assisted suicide/euthanasia are about terminal illness. That’s a clear ploy to get people to accept the premise that killing is an acceptable answer to human suffering.
After that, logic will take over. Once a ...
The Deprofessionalization of Medicine
The alarming trend to deprofessionalize medicine continues apace.
Doctors are becoming less physicians and more “service providers.” Patients are now akin to customers. In Canada, this may soon require doctors to kill certain patients on demand.
This has many societal ...
The Texas Advance Directive Act (TADA) allows a hospital bioethics committee and doctors to veto wanted life-sustaining treatment if they believe the suffering thereby caused is unwarranted–with the cost of care always in the unspoken background.
It is a ...
Force Feed, No--Assist Suicide, Yes
The world of bioethics is aglow with righteous outrage that military doctors are ordered to help force-feed Guantanamo inmates who are on hunger strikes.
I have written before that doing so is right and proper. These inmates do not have ...
Prisoners Ask for Euthanasia to Donate Organs
Peter Singer and others in bioethics have opined that assisted suicide should be available to prisoners who would rather die than serve their sentences.
Jack Kevorkian believed that too, and also that anyone being euthanized should be allowed to be ...
Animal Rights Isn't Natural
When I wrote my book, A Rat is a Pig is a Dog is a Boy: The Human Cost of the Animal Rights Movement, I thought the movement was on the march and its violent arm growing ever more dangerous.
Animal Rights Constitutional Amendment Craziness
The Humane Party, animal rights advocates, have published a proposed constitutional amendment.
I quote it here, not because I think it will be enacted. But because it illustrates the subversive belief system–the absolutist ideology–that drives “animal rights.” From ...
Back during the embryonic stem cell debate, boosters of using embryos that were “going to be discarded anyway” PROMISED that no embryo would be experimented on after two weeks, known as the “14-Day Rule.”
The justification for experimenting on such ...
The Absurd Logic of Assisted Suicide
Canadian journalist Andrew Coyne has written some of the best critiques of legalized euthanasia of which I am aware.
He has another A+ effort out in today’s National Post reacting to the recommendations of an ethics panel for implementing ...
Gun Suicides Bad, Drugs Suicides Sometimes Good
The New York Times has editorialized against guns as a way of reducing suicides. From, “To Reduce Suicides, Keep the Guns Away:”
No policy or education campaign is going to prevent every suicide. But that is no excuse for failing ...
Hospital Files Guardianship Petition for David Dunn
A futile care dispute in Texas involving David Christopher Dunn, which Houston Methodist Hospital is seeking to refuse wanted life support, is beginning to garner national attention.
First, as I noted over at The Corner, a constitutional challenge to the ...
Ecocide "Trial" in the Hague Next Year
Radical environmentalism isn’t content with passing laws that regulate our use of the land and resources.
No, they want to grant nature “rights” to permit lawsuits that would impede human enterprise and stifle human thriving.
Some want to go ...
Outlaw Human Cloning Before Too Late
The head of a Chinese company that mass manufactures cloned animals claims that he could do it with humans. From the AFP story:
The Chinese scientist behind the world’s biggest cloning factory has technology advanced enough to replicate humans, ...
India Fights Surrogacy Biological Colonialism
It’s about time. Indian women have died being surrogates and children, not wanted, have been abandoned by their biological parents.
Now, the government of India is moving to protect the country’s women from exploitation in the surrogacy industry. ...
Thoughts on "Destroy the Embryos" Ruling
Human life is increasingly commodified, and nascent human beings treated as objects and mere chattel.
We see this in the efforts to perfect human cloning techniques, embryos manufactured as an experiment.
We see it in the increasingly profitable surrogacy industry.
Forcing Doctors to Finish Failed Suicide
Back in 2006, a depressed woman named Kerrie Woolterton, swallowed anti-freeze and called an ambulance.
But she pinned a note on her blouse saying she wanted no medical treatment. And so doctors finished her suicide by standing around and watching her ...
How to Tell If You Are Infected by the Culture of Death
A few months ago, a healthy, depressed 24-year-old Belgian woman named Emily was approved for euthanasia by a medical board. Much controversy ensued.
Alex Schadenberg, head of the Euthanasia Prevention Coalition, reports that she has changed her mind. From his ...
Germany Opens Door to Culture of Death
If there is one lesson I have learned in 22 years of anti-euthanasia activism, it is that you can’t compromise with the culture of death.
Once it gets its scythe through the door, it becomes like the universe: it never ...
Quebec Palliative Care Clinic to be Killing Center
When a palliative care center in Quebec announced it would not offer euthanasia, the Minister of Health ominously told it, “Yes you will!”
And so it has come to pass. The Center will now be one of the first to ...
Human Cloning Advance: Ban Now or Cry Later!
Human cloning used to make big headlines. But “the scientists” got smart, and just started using the scientific term for cloning–somatic cell nuclear transfer–as a way of hiding in plain sight.
Thus, when the first human embryos were ...
Humans Are MORE Than Mammals
The New York Times dedicated to undermining human exceptionalism, publishing such subversive advocacy regularly.
Today’s example, by English professor (of course!) Randy Laist in the Sunday Review section, says we should identify as mammals rather than humans. From, “Why ...
Death Pushers Just Want to Win
In my 22 years of anti-euthanasia advocacy–I had NO idea what I was getting into–I have noticed that the death pushers don’t give a fig about democratic processes.
They want to win. Exclamation point!
If democracy gets them ...
5000+ Netherlands Euthanasia Killings 2014
The Netherlands killing bureaucracy likes to keep track of who doctors euthanize in that country, and why.
In 2014, the total was nearly 400 a month, for a total of 5306. That’s an increase of 10% over 2014.
And yes, psychiatrists still killed mentally ...
Neuroscience Busts Transhumanist Immortality Fantasy
Transhumanism is a materialist religion.
That’s not an oxymoron. Few transhumanists believe in anything beyond mere materiality, so they look upon SCIENCE! as religionists do to God–as a future bestower of eternal life.
For me, “the trouble with ...
Assisted Suicide Increases Other Suicides
I have long suspected that pushing suicide in some situations, would increase suicides in others.
For example, Oregon has the second highest suicide rate in the country–and that doesn’t include its assisted suicides.
Between 1999-2010, the suicide rate ...
Science Does TOO Know When "Human Life" Begins
The buzz of obfuscation around “when life begins” has reached a crescendo of intensity in the wake of the Planned Parenthood imbroglio.
Such huffing and puffing about the earliest embryo–when the dismember and harvest of PP happens well into ...
Doctor Sued for Saying No to Euthanasia
I have been warning (with increasing intensity) about a pending medical martyrdom–forcing doctors to choose between killing and continuing in their profession–both from the contexts of statutory law and professional discipline.
Now, in the Netherlands, we see a ...