Canadian Medical Association: Vichy of Euthanasia
The Canadian Medical Association has, in short course, gone from resisting euthanasia to being enthusiastic collaborators with the culture of death.
Its draft “principles” have no limits to which patients can be killed by doctors. Indeed, there isn’t even ...
The Economist Pushes Death on Demand
The media no longer present objective reporting on issues of social or cultural controversy. They choose sides.
This has been generally true for about ten years about assisted suicide, and ever since the Brittany Maynard manufactured media frenzy, the bias ...
CA Judge: Nursing Homes Can't Make Medical Decisions
This is very good. A California judge has ruled that it is unconstitutional to permit nursing homes to make medical decision on behalf of their incompetent patients. From the Kaiser Health News story:
A California law allowing nursing homes to ...
AP Orders Media to Stop Using "Committed Suicide"
I believe that we are in the midst of a broad push, across different sectors of society, to make suicide more palatable and normalized–at least for some categories of people, such as in those who commit assisted suicide because ...
Belgian Death Doctor Wins Humanist Award
I keep saying that humanism has metastasized into anti-humanism.
Case in point, the notorious euthanasia death doctor William Distelmans–an oncologist–killed the healthy but depressed Godelieva De Troyer because she wanted ...
Dutch Pediatricians Want to Euthanize Children
There is no limit to the culture of death once it is fully off the leash.
Dutch law allows euthanasia for children age 12 and over. But now a prominent pediatrician wants the age limits erased. From the AFP story:
Princeton Should Treat Peter Singer Like a Racist
In recent days, we have seen college professors forced out of their positions over relatively minor infractions of politically correct dogma.
But Peter Singer says all human beings should not be treated equally, indeed that some among us can be ...
France Debates Slow Motion Euthanasia
Sigh. If the euthanasia pushers can’t get people dead one way, they try another.
The French Senate is debating legalizing terminal sedation for the terminally ill who want it. From the Yahoo story:
France’s debate over end-of-life care ...
The Church of Transhumanism: Let us Upload
Have you noticed how materialists are inventing their own church? It is called transhumanism, and it seeks the same meaning people receive from religion, but perhaps without Liturgy and God forbid–sorry atheists–any concept of sin (other than staying ...
Euthanize Prisoner to Use Organs for Parents?
This won’t happen, but I don’t know how euthanasia supporters could oppose the request.
A murderer is suffering from imprisonment. He wants to die so his organs can be used to save his parents’ lives. From the WKRN ...
Unasked for Euthanasia in Belgium
The bottom line of euthanasia consciousness is that killing is splendid way to end human suffering.
Advocates say it is also about “choice.” But once one accepts the first destructive premise, what’s choice got to do with it?
CHIMPS CAN COOK! but, um, Don't.
“Humans are not exceptional!” we are continually told. But then, scientists and/or advocates huff and puff to show how animals are just like us–and the media swoon.
This one made me laugh. CHIMPS CAN COOK, screamed the Guardian ...
From Transgender to "Transable" for BIID
With all of the fuss about transgender issues these days–and support–I have been warning that the next stage in radical self-recreationism will be to allow people suffering from the terrible mental illness, body integrity identity disorder (BIID), to ...
Science! Now It's Plant Ph.Ds
Good grief, here we go again. I wrote previously about a professor (of course!) promoting “pea personhood” in the New York Times and a book.
Switzerland includes the “intrinsic dignity” of individual plants in its constitution.
“Nature rights” is the ...
Group-Funding to Pay for Suicide
Have we become such a degraded and life-disaffirming culture that a fundraising internet sight is hosting a request to group-fund a one-way trip to a Swiss suicide clinic?
Apparently so. From the pitch at the fund raising site, which I ...
Scottish Parliament Rejects Assisted Suicide
We keep hearing how assisted suicide can’t be stopped, but it almost always is defeated.
And now in so not conservative Scotland. From The Guardian story:
MSPs voted by 82 to 36 against the general principles of the assisted suicide (Scotland) ...
Transhumanism's Despairing Howl
I hear all the time that human exceptionalism is arrogant–that we are not “special” in nature, nor are our lives of higher value than other species, some even say, “nature.” Patent nonsense.
But this is arrogant–the transhumanist eschatology ...
Allow Organ Preservation After Unexpected Death
More than 100,000 people are on the organ waiting list hoping and praying for a transplant before their time runs out.
The excruciating waits have led to unethical proposals to gain more organs, such as allowing the cognitively devastated to be ...
Stem Cell Hypers Opened Door for Stem Cell Fraud
Embryonic stem cell hypers have themselves to blame for the apparent proliferation of stem cell fraud.
You see, in order to win the ESCR political debate, harm President Bush’s popularity, and gain billions in research dollars, universities, scientists, bioethicists, ...
MDs Give Selves Duty-to-Die Power over Patients
Futile Care Theory has just taken a huge step toward nation-wide imposition with an official policy statement by the American Thoracic Society in collaboration with other medical and nursing associations involved with intensive care internationally.
It is a frightening document.
Final Exit Network Convicted of Assisted Suicide
Final Exit Network the suicide pushers and “counselors,” has been convicted of assisting a suicide and interfering with a death scene in Minnesota. Good. From the AP story:
Final Exit Network was charged in the death of Doreen Dunn, 57, of ...
Abortion Real Cause of "Missing" Black Voters
A study has been published claiming that lower life expectancy among African-Americans has led to one million fewer voters in elections from 1974-2004. From The Atlantic story on the study:
A new paper, “Black lives matter: Differential mortality and the ...
The Great Assisted Suicide Political Con
Once a society accepts killing as an answer to human suffering, the caste of killables never stops expanding. Thus, in the Netherlands and Belgium, doctors not only euthanize the terminally ill, but also the elderly “tired of life,” the disabled, ...
California May Force Pro Lifers to Tout Abortion
California law is already radically pro-abortion. And now, a bill has been filed to force pro-life pregnancy counseling centers to tout the right to abortion. From AB 775:
(a) A licensed covered facility shall disseminate to clients on site the following ...
Pushing "Social Justice" Medical Bigotry
“Don’t mention death panels!“ the medical technocrats often scream–as they plot and plan to institute death panels.
And that’s just the course taken by the New York Times physician columnist, Sandeep Jouhar, as he races past supporting ...
Court-Ordered Euthanasia in Netherlands
It gets worse and worse.
A court in the Netherlands has ordered a nursing home to hand a woman to his family so they could have her euthanized–even though she apparently didn’t want to leave the nursing home. ...
Pushing DNRs on Elderly at NHS
Can’t have expensive OLD people hanging around using up resources (that their enterprise and hard work helped generate!)
Apparently the bureaucratic controlled NHS in the UK wants doctors to ask EVERY elderly person–healthy or not–whether they want ...
Madness: Chimps Granted Habeas Corpus
I have been warning for several years about how all it will only take is one judge to break the species barriers. That judge was found by animal rights fanatics at the NonHuman Rights Project granting a writ of habeas ...
Father Should Have Equal Rights to IVF Embryos
What a mess some of the new reproductive technologies are making. Example, two celebrities (showing my age, I haven’t a clue who they are) apparently are in a legal dispute about whether their frozen embryos have to be preserved. ...
Softening Ground for "Rational" Elder Suicide
The assisted suicide movement is pushing society in a pro-suicide direction. You see, it isn’t about terminal illness at all. It is an ideology that sees suicide as an acceptable–perhaps desirable–way to end suffering.
Accepting that premise ...
Machines Always Things, Never "Persons"
In light of the transhumanist advocacy for “machine rights,” should artificial intelligence (AI) ever be invented, I decided to weigh in over at First Things on the craziness of it all.
First, I write, machines will always be things, not “...
Lauren Hill Should be "Extraordinary Person"
Brittany Maynard was lauded internationally–at A-list movie star decibels–because she committed suicide rather than face the difficulties of terminal brain cancer.
But 19-year-old Lauren Hill–also with terminal brain cancer–received far more subdued coverage.
You see, Hill ...
Why Not Increase Suicide Eligibilty to 1 Year?
The suicide pushers always point to Oregon as supposed proof that assisted suicide can be managed and controlled with out abuse. It’s all Kabuki Theater.
Now, a proposal has been filed to expand eligibility to receive doctor-prescribed death from ...
Love as the Heart of Human Exceptionalism
In my last post, I discussed ethics associated with Singer that would include infanticide, broad abortion, euthanasia, permission for bestiality, and doing medical experiments on the disabled.
Today, let’s look at an example of HE ethics and to where ...
Now It's a Wrongful Conception Lawsuit
When eugenics goes bad.
Ten years ago a lesbian couple purchased an artificial insemination, thinking that their sperm seller was a brilliant scientist. They found out he is a mentally ill criminal.
Naturally, a lawsuit ensued. From the Atlanta Journal ...
AP's Pro Animal Rights Style Bias
Animal rights and animal welfare are two different concepts.
The former is an ideology that creates an explicit moral equivalence or equality between animals and humans. In this view, what is done to an animal must be judged in the ...
The Cruelty of Terri Schiavo's Death
During the Terri Schiavo debacle, I would often debate bioethicists and others who claimed that Terri’s death would be gentle.
These advocates either intentionally or ignorantly conflated two different circumstances.
1. The first, taking food and water from someone whose ...
Don't "Earth Hour:" Celebrate Electricity!
Electricity has done more good for humanity than, perhaps, any other technological advance. Water is purified. Homes are lit and heated. Industry hums. Hospital technology saves lives.
But today is Earth Hour, an annual event that treats our electrified world ...
Good Grief: More Pushing for "Machine Rights"
As if the world isn’t already mad enough: The futurists are at it again, assuming that machines programmed to the level of artificial intelligence (AI)–in other words, to self program independently without human input or control–should be ...
Changed Mind About Euthanasia? Oh Hum.
The media love hastened death!
When someone wants illegal euthanasia it makes headlines around the world!
Brittany Maynard was named one of the most extraordinary people of 2014 by CNN because she committed suicide rather than dying naturally of cancer. People ...
Shrinks Treat Suicide Wish with Euthanasia
“It will never happen,” I used to hear from supporters of assisted suicide when I warned that once killing is accepted as an answer to human suffering, it would metastasize from the terminally ill through the mentally ill.
Now that ...
Canada to Couple Euthanasia and Organ Harvesting?
In my very first anti-euthanasia article, published by Newsweek in 1993, I warned that legalizing assisted suicide would lead to “organ harvesting as a plum to society.”
That dark prophesy has come true in Netherlands and Belgium, aimed specifically at people ...
Belgium: 18% Doctors-Patient Kill Rate
Belgium has surpassed the Netherlands as the hastened death capital of the world.
A study out of Flanders, published in the New England Journal of Medicine shows that 18% of patients deaths come either from lethal injection/assisted suicide or from ...
Compassion and Choices Takes Over NY Times
To no one’s surprise, the New York Times has editorialized in favor of assisted suicide.
It is telling about the current state of the elite media how closely the Times’ lackeys editorialists hew to the Hemlock Society Compassion and ...
Rational Suicide = "The New Jim Crow"
I am updating my 2001 book, Culture of Death: The Assault on Medical Ethics in America, for a new edition to come out next year. It was first published in 2001, and so much has happened since!
In going over my files, ...
Brisk Business at Swiss Suicide Clinics
Suicide is trending these days, as the international media glamorizes assisted suicide and euthanasia. It’s become so IN dahling!
As a result, business is brisk at Exit,one of Switzerland’s two main suicide organizations that also run suicide ...
An awful person poisoned “Jagger,” a prize wining Irish setter. The killing was a terrible cruelty and a serious crime of animal abuse. I hope the criminal is caught and suitably punished.
But it wasn’t “murder.”
Only human beings ...
UK Greens Want Human Rights for Flies
The UK Green Party has joined the war on humans. The Party’s election platform calls for expanding the UN’s Declaration on Human Rights to all sentient life forms. From the Telegraph story:
Article Five of the UN Declaration ...
Terri Schiavo has Become an Icon
Over at First Things, I reflect on the powerful societal divisions that our reactions to Terri Schiavo reveal. From, “The Great Terri Schiavo Divide:”
At the end of this month, Terri Schiavo will be ten years dead. But she is ...
Forced Starvation Attempt Appeal Dismissed
Good news: The case that sought to force a nursing home to starve an Alzheimer’s patient to death–even though she willingly took nourishment–has been dismissed. From the Advocate Daily story:
The British Columbia Court of Appeal has ...
Cowardly Canadian Docs Cooperate with Culture of Death
In the face of the Canadian Supreme Court imposing a radical nation-wide euthanasia regime on the entire country, the Canadian Medical Association is cooperating with the culture of death. From the National Post story:
The nation’s most powerful doctors’ ...
Wishful Thinking Chimps Know Right from Wrong
ANOTHER yearning attempt within the scientific community to elevate the capacities of animals to approach those of human beings. (Last time, it was CHIMPS CAN COOK, but don’t.)
This time, it is chimps which, supposedly have now been shown ...
France Senate Rejects Slow Motion Euthanasia
A bit ago I wrote about how the French Senate was considering legalizing terminal sedation as a way to kill the terminally ill.
That column also distinguished between the slow motion euthanasia by dehydration/starvation of terminal sedation and the ...
Peter Singer: Save 200 Pigs Over 1 Human Baby
Peter Singer is something of a house ethicist for the New York Times and especially beloved of the weak liberal thinker, Nicolas Kristof.
While I think he should be treated the same as if he were a racist for his ...
Nevada DA Shrugs at Gun Euthanasia
This is the kind of thing that opens the door to people accepting euthanasia murder as a legitimate action.
A man shot his wife in the hospital because she was despondent over becoming paralyzed in an accident.
Yet, despite shooting ...
Pope Francis Embraces Human Exceptionalism
There was some buzz in the liberal Catholic press that Pope Francis might embrace “nature rights.” I suggested that course could schism the Catholic Church because it would essentially elevate nature to human status, or perhaps better stated, reduce us ...
"Care Planning Act" Introduced in US Senate
When Sarah Palin (wrongly) said that insurance payments for advance planning under Obamacare were “death panels”–there are other such potentialities in the law, but not that–she killed the provision.
Ever since, politicians of both parties have been struggling ...
Euthanasia of Mentally Ill Should be Bigger News
We live in very nihilistic times, in which abandonment is called compassion and true compassion–the root meaning of which is to “suffer with”–is denigrated as paternalism.
Consider: Brittany Maynard became an international celebrity for killing herself. At euthanasia ...
Assisted Suicide Picture Worth 1000 Words
Steve Breen, Creator’s Syndicate.
Actually, not a “slippery slope:” Facts already on the ground as every one of the categories below have been euthanized or assisted in suicide where legal, perhaps with the exception of the “slightly ill.”.
Texas Court Victory Pushes Pro-Abortion Roe Reversal
Surgical abortion is an out-patient procedure. Accordingly, why shouldn’t fetal-killing clinics be required to comply with the same rules as other non-hospital surgical centers?
The Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals apparently couldn’t think of one, and so, unanimously ...
Colombia Imposes Euthanasia Medical Martyrdom
Doctors are increasingly under threat of being forced to kill or get out of medicine.
I call this “medical martyrdom,” that is, doctors, nurses, pharmacists, etc. forced to choose between engaging (or being complicit) in life-terminating acts such as euthanasia ...
Hawking: Suicide if I Become a Burden, Can't Contribute
I have been warning that the high-profile normalization of assisted suicide–and the media celebrating those who kill themselves in the face of disease–is leading toward an ethic in which people kill themselves to not be a ”burden,” in ...
The Reason for Euthanasia Word Engineering
The euthanasia movement is about killing–which simply means to intentionally end life–as a response to human suffering.
The euthanasia movement has always tried to change the meanings and definitions of descriptive words and phrases as the honey that ...
National "Animal Rights Day" Foolishness
The term “animal rights” is used far too loosely. Many people think it means be nicer to animals. Or, treat them humanely.
No. That is animal welfare. Improving animal welfare is a noble cause that rises out of the understanding ...
Obama's Fake Genetic Engineering Caution
Chinese scientists succeeded in a rudimentary form of “gene editing,” the first step toward the genetic engineering of human embryos, permanent genomic changes that would flow down the generations.
Given the eugenic possibilities, the foreseen and unforeseen consequences, and our ...
Family-Supported Suicide Risks Others
It used to be that families and mental health professionals were the last bastions helping despairing people (for whatever reasons) stay in life.
These days, even that bastion is crumbling. Psychiatrists in the Netherlands and Belgium euthanize patients, and a ...
1/3 Believe Animals Deserve Equal Rights
I hope these people didn’t think the question through.
Gallup reports that a worrying 32% of respondents believe animals should have “the same rights as people.”
Good grief. That would mean no ownership of animals. After all, people have the ...
California Medical Association Embraces "Death Selection"
The California Medical Association has rescinded its opposition to assisted suicide. How a medical association can adopt a (supposedly) NEUTRAL stance about something as ethically portentous and radically subverting of Hippocratic values as assisted suicide is beyond me. But these ...
New York Times Cover Story Pushes Suicide
The liberal media have largely become suicide pushers.
Now, the New York Times Magazine has a front page story touting the suicide of a woman with Alzheimer’s. From, “The Last Day:”
Over the next several weeks, Sandy told those ...
Oregon County Wants "Zero Suicide:" Really?
I am a big believer in suicide prevention. But the movement has been derelict in struggling against blatant suicide promotion from the so-called “death with dignity” movement.
Here’s another example: Suicide preventers in Washington County, Oregon are pushing for ...
Dutch Move Toward Family-Assisted Suicide
Any media story about Dutch euthanasia is generally accompanied by the blithe and false assurance of medicalized killing being governed by “strict guidelines.” What a joke, given that death doctors kill disabled babies in their cribs, the elderly “tired of ...
Bigot Peter Singer: Don't Pay to Treat Disabled Babies
Peter Singer is a bigot. Rather than believing in universal human equality, he would invidiously measure the capacities of human beings to determine whether they are “persons.”
Those with insufficient capacities, are to be deemed human “non-persons,” are to be ...
Eugenicists Want to Edit Human Genes
Utilitarian bioethicists and transhumanists see the human genome as clay for their potter’s wheel. Now that “gene editing” has been accomplished in China, some want to go full bore into embryo–which will one day lead to fetal–experimentation ...
China Still Killing and Harvesting Falun Gong
China is a brutal tyranny in which all manner of oppressions are imposed by the government–such as its authoritarian one-child policy–recently praised by VP Joe Biden with faint damnation, while being outright praised by others.
More, some of ...
Pope to Declare that Nature has Rights?
Commonweal, as I understand it, is a liberal Catholic publication. As Roman Catholics prepare to hear Pope Francis’s statement on global warming, writer Robin Darling Young seems to hope that that he has something far more transformative in mind ...
South African Judge Approves Mercy Murder
I was once spoke in South Africa at a biomedical conference in Cape Town against euthanasia. I was the opening keynote and I mentioned that it would be both a tragedy and a travesty if a country in which large ...
Ending Futile Care Dehydrations in Texas
It has been a frustrating experience to witness the difficulties in repealing Texas’s oppressive futile care law that permits bioethics committees to order patients off wanted life-sustaining treatment based on “quality of life” (read money).
Opponents have been divided ...
Kill or Get Out of Medicine!
Medical martyrdom is coming, a term I coined to describe doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and other such professionals being forced (soon) to choose between their callings and participating in the intentional taking of human life.
That is already the law of ...
1/3 Dutch GPs Would Kill Mentally Ill!
Whoa! Don’t tell me that euthanasia doesn’t lead off a vertical moral cliff: A recent survey of Netherlander MD general practitioners found that very high percentages would kill cancer patients, and 1/3 would be willing to euthanize the mentally ...
Animal Rightists Insult Holocaust Remembrance Day
April 16 is International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
And what do animal rights activists do? Declare a despicable and inexcusable moral equivalency between animal agriculture and eating meat with the torture and murder of 6 million Jews and others in the Nazi death ...
Animal Rights Opposes Successful Cancer Test
Dogs are amazing animals, intelligently designed by exceptional humans to serve us in so many ways. And in the course of that history, they became our best friends, giving and receiving so much love and joy.
Dogs can detect cancer, ...
Technocrats Again Attack Annual Physical
For years we have been told to get an annual physical. Catch diseases early, we were urged. It could save your life!
Now, with universal health care, the message has changed to, “wait until you have symptoms,” as the yearly ...
Mammoth Cloning: Paving Way for Human Cloning
Scientists are coming closer to being potentially able to resurrect extinct wholly mammoths through cloning (using mammoth DNA in elephant eggs) and–to keep animal rights activists off their backs–gestation in artificial wombs instead of female elephants. From the ...
Peter Singer's Ethics Should Not Be Applauded
In a world in which someone who makes a politically incorrect utterance can be ruined, Peter Singer should be anathema, given his truly awful beliefs.
Instead, he is looked to as a respected ethicist, for example, an article in the ...
Jack Kevorkian Professorships in Canadian Medical Schools
Now that the Canadian Supreme Court has imposed a nationwide euthanasia regime, doctors are going to have to learn to kill.
That’s not so easy. Some of the killed will be physically healthy since the new Charter right compels ...
Carnegie Council Pushes "Nature Rights"
Too few people comprehend how profoundly, if subtly, Big Bucks foundations impact our society and culture–and often not for the better. When the Foundations are pushing a meme, it needs to be taken very seriously.
The push for “nature ...
Why I Support IN's Religious Freedom Restoration Act
Much is being made about Indiana’s new Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA), particularly as to whether it could allow a florist a legal defense against discrimination litigation for refusing on religious grounds to arrange flowers for a same sex ...
Kevorkian's True Goal was Human Vivisection
The revisionism about Jack Kevorkian and his purposes will not stop–and it can’t be allowed to stand. The truth about K and what he was really after–his true motives–is too important, because it not only shows ...
Killing for Organs Push in The Atlantic
I have repeatedly warned about articles published in medical and bioethics journals advocating killing the profoundly disabled or dying for their organs.
The assault on the “dead donor rule” has now filtered down to the popular media. The Atlantic has ...
TED Talk Hears Chimps are "Slaves"
The personalization of some animals continues apace, and most people either don’t see, believe–or perhaps, care–that it is happening.
The prestigious TED Talk heard recently from Steven Wise, the attorney who leads the NonHuman Rights Project. Wise ...
World Down Syndrome Day Abortion Dereliction
March 21 is World Down Syndrome Day, a time for us to honor our brothers and sisters with Down and to stand tall for the value of their lives. From the Website:
21 March 2015 marks the 10th anniversary of World Down Syndrome ...
Lying NV Suicide Bill Lights Doctors' Pants on Fire
Assisted suicide is best done in the darkness.
How else explain the new trend in legalization schemes to force assisted suicide death doctors to lie on death certificates–thereby eradicating any and all transparency.
Now Nevada. From SB 336:
The person ...
Montana House Passes Assisted Suicide Ban
Assisted suicide is often pushed these days as inevitable, an agenda that can’t be stopped.
Never mind that theocratic Massachusetts voters said no to assisted suicide in 2012. Oops.
Now, in the wake of a muddled Supreme Court case stating ...
Dems to Kill Trafficking Bill Over Abortion
A human trafficking bill is set to be defeated by Democrats because a fund it establishes won’t pay for abortion. From the Politico story:
The aim of the bill, sponsored by Sen. John Cornyn (R-Texas), is simple. It would ...
Bill to End Texas Death Panels
Texas has death panels.
It’s “medical futility” law, what I call Futile Care Theory, permits hospital bioethics committees to order patients off wanted life-sustaining treatment based on committee/doctors’ belief in the value of the patient’s life and ...
Restrict Means to Prevent Impulsive Suicide!
What a bizarre time in which to live.
On one hand, assisted suicide promotion is ubiquitous, in which prescribing a lethal overdose is pushed as “death with dignity.”
On the other, suicide prevention is beginning to focus on restricting the ...
Jahi Malpractice vs "She's Not Dead" Cases
To no one’s surprise, the family of Jahi McMath has sued Children’s Hospital of Oakland for medical malpractice. From the NJ.Com story:
The family of Jahi McMath — a teenager now living in the Somerset section of Franklin ...
Canadian Doctors Don't Want to Kill? TOUGH!
Until recently, physicians who did not want to participate in these human life-ending practices–abortion, euthanasia, assisted suicide–were allowed space to practice Hippocratic medicine regardless of the legal status of these killing procedures.
But that right of medical conscience ...
End Baby "Incompatible with Life" Bigotry
I am sure everyone agrees that the language we use to describe human beings is important. For example, we loathe the N-word because its very purpose is to denigrate, dehumanize, de-equalize, and degrade.
Ditto, my campaign to make the V-word ...
AI Computers Would Just be Machines
Every once in a while, when the world is too much with me, I turn to transhumanist advocacy for a little entertainment.
The would-be immoralist crowd’s latest craze concerns whether artificial intelligent computers–those supposedly able to “think” independently–...