Politics & Policy

Free-Trade Advantage

Policies that promote and protect.

Pioneering free-market economist Adam Smith once said, “The answer to the question of free trade is easy once it is seen that the only reason that has ever been offered for protective tariffs or a closed market is, indeed, protection.”

In just over a decade, major developments in U.S. trade policy have allowed the United States to wield trade, not only as an instrument of freedom, but one of productivity and prosperity for the benefit of our citizens. In the fourteen years since the passage of NAFTA, we have continued to tap international trade opportunities between the U.S., Mexico, and Canada that have bolstered our nation’s economy. Markets have opened and are leading to economic success in many of our major industries. From prosperous agricultural and technological industries, all the way down to consumer savings — free trade has been good for all Americans.

Adam Smith also said, “Free trade means that consumers are able to buy goods at the costs arranged by the best efforts of producers, wherever the producers happen to be producing.” This is evident in my home state of Texas.

Because Texas has so much to offer in exports, there is also much to gain from free trade agreements. In 2006, Texas exported over $150 billion in merchandise, including some of the state’s chief exports: petroleum and coal; computers and electronics; and chemical and manufacturing machinery. Today the products of our thriving farms and ranches are feeding people worldwide. Texas’s agriculture exports to the world in 2006 brought in an estimated $3.8 billion in revenue. Our state’s exports have continued to expand to take advantage of other recent U.S. Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), such as bilateral agreements with Chile and Singapore. The U.S. Department of Commerce reports that, between 2002 and 2006, Texas exports rose by $55.5 billion, or 58-percent, representing the largest dollar gain of any state.

The economic benefits of free trade to Texans are not limited to cattle ranchers, dairy operators, or manufacturers. The positive impacts of free trade on the state’s agriculture industries translates into financial gains for the over 45,000 Texans involved in the cultivation, processing, storage, and transportation of Texas farm and ranching products. In 2003, jobs associated with manufactured goods accounted for over five percent of all private sector jobs in the state. More than 21,000 companies exported goods from locations in Texas in 2005. And for all Texans, a healthy free trade system means access to a wider range of higher quality products at better prices, and the security of a stimulated economy.

To build on the proven benefits of free trade, Congress is weighing further opportunities to expand commerce through trade agreements, with countries like Peru, Colombia, and Panama. An agreement with Peru that passed the Senate in early December will increase the trade of some of the nation’s most vital exports to the country. In 2006, the United States exported roughly $209 million in agricultural products to Peru. Texas and Florida were the leading state exporters to Peru in 2006, reporting merchandise exports of $797 million and $658 million, respectively. Louisiana, Illinois, California, Georgia, New York, South Carolina, Ohio, and New Jersey, also posted hefty export dollars to the Latin American country in 2006. And 44 states significantly boosted their exports to Peru between 2002 and 2006, with an overall increase of 88-percent. The trade agreement will only build on this growth.

The U.S. should continue to seek opportunities to open up markets through trade agreements with countries across the world — not only for commerce, but for security. While the economic stability of our state and national economies is a primary objective of FTAs, they also serve the broader purpose of building and improving international relationships. In a time when the dangerous political and economic maneuvering of dictators like Venezuela’s Hugo Chavez could influence the security of U.S. interests, we must seek partnerships with nearby countries, like Peru, Colombia, and Panama. Free trade helps these countries thrive under dynamic economies, which, in turn, will contribute to their stability. A vital global economy is critical to countering the destructive policies of menacing regimes and protecting the U.S. from the security threats they pose.

As Americans, we are blessed to live in a society where free trade is pursued and embraced. When a Texas cattleman brands a calf, when a California farmer harvests a vegetable crop, or a manufacturer in New York fabricates a truck axle, these workers and their products are part of the global commerce that strengthens our states and nation, and keeps the world safer for everyone.

 – Kay Bailey Hutchison is the senior senator from Texas and serves on the Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation committee.

Members of the National Review editorial and operational teams are included under the umbrella “NR Staff.”


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