He had an appointment at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul to collect some documents he needed to marry his Turkish fiancée — a certificate showing that he was divorced from his first wife. He entered the consulate on October 2 at 1:14 p.m., asking his fiancée to wait outside for him. She did. Until 2 a.m. He never emerged.
A number of news outlets, citing Turkish sources, are reporting that Jamal Khashoggi, the former editor of a Saudi newspaper, regime critic, and Washington Post contributor, was murdered. The New York Times quoted sources who said that 15 Saudi agents from the security services, including one autopsy expert, entered Turkey that same day on two chartered flights. They departed that evening. The Saudis claim that Khashoggi left the consulate an hour after he arrived and have no idea what became of him. The Turks would like to send a forensic team inside, but the Saudis have refused.
The story is making headlines around the world. Murder and possible dismemberment in a diplomatic facility will do that. President Trump, who has forged very close ties with Saudi crown prince Mohammad bin Salman (“MBS”), has described it as “a very sad situation; it’s a very bad situation. We cannot let this happen, to reporters, to anybody.”
If, as looks very likely, Khashoggi was kidnapped and murdered on the orders of MBS, it should be a cautionary tale for the crown prince’s overly enthusiastic fans in the West. Just six months ago, the 33-year-old MBS spent three weeks in the U.S. meeting leaders of business and government. In addition to an Oval Office session, he met Hollywood bigwigs Morgan Freeman, James Coleman, and Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson. CBS’s 60 Minutes hailed MBS as a “revolutionary” who was emancipating women. He was received by Bill Clinton, Oprah Winfrey, Rupert Murdoch, and Steven Schwarzman of the Blackstone Group. Jared Kushner reportedly felt that the two young scions understood one another, and he helped persuade President Trump to make Saudi Arabia his first foreign destination.
But Mohammad bin Salman’s nods in the direction of reform — he has permitted movie theaters in the kingdom to open for the first time in decades, and women now have the right to drive (at least in theory) — shouldn’t cause hearts to flutter. The history of Western wishful thinking about “reformist” dictators is very, very long and nearly always ends in tears. After Brezhnev died, the American press was suddenly enamored of former KGB head Yuri Andropov. He spoke English! He “relaxed with American novels.” The Washington Post reported that he “is fond of cynical political jokes with an antiregime twist . . . collects abstract art, likes jazz and Gypsy music,” and “has a record of stepping out of his high party official’s cocoon to contact dissidents.”
It was the purest KGB disinformation, but we so wanted it to be true. Andrew Young called the Ayatollah Khomeini a “saint.” George McGovern compared Ho Chi Minh to George Washington. And Hillary Clinton described Bashar al-Assad as a “reformer.”
MBS has made reformist noises, it’s true. But the arrests and convictions of peaceful protesters have not abated. If anything, they’ve increased. On October 28, Israa al-Ghomgham, a female Shia activist, faces trial and possible execution. Human Rights Watch says the charges against her are not recognizable as crimes. They include “participating in protests, chanting slogans hostile to the regime, attempting to inflame public opinion, and filming protests and publishing on social media” (per the Guardian).
The crown prince has also prosecuted a war in Yemen that has drawn condemnation for heedless attacks on civilians.
MBS seems to have a hair trigger about criticism from abroad as well. When Canada’s foreign minister tweeted out a call for the Saudi monarchy to release two jailed dissidents, bin Salman went to Defcon 4. He cut all ties with Canada, ordered all Saudi students home from Canadian universities, and expelled the ambassador.
According to the Washington Post, intelligence intercepts reveal that Mohammad bin Salman devised a plan to lure Khashoggi back to Saudi Arabia and detain him. It looks as if he might have ordered something quite a bit worse.
Sometimes you have to deal with bad actors on the world stage. But you don’t have to delude yourself about who and what they are.
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