China and India’s Deadly Border Dispute: Why We Should Worry

An Indian Army convoy moves along a highway leading to Ladakh at Gagangeer in Kashmir’s Ganderbal district, June 18, 2020. (Danish Ismail/Reuters)
The two nuclear nations have a long history of mistrust and hostility, and economic interdependence may no longer restrain them.

NRPLUS MEMBER ARTICLE W hen the world diverted attention elsewhere, China and India, two of the world’s most populous nations with nuclear weapons, engaged in their most contentious border dispute in five decades. Armies from both nations faced off in the Eastern Ladakh’s Galwan Valley region. India claimed that during this dispute, at least 20 of its soldiers were killed and more were wounded. It also revealed that China suffered 35 to 40 casualties, though Beijing refused to confirm it.

The two Asian neighbors share a lengthy border of more than 2,000 miles. Historically, they’ve had multiple border disputes. A border war took place in


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