Presidential Incumbency Isn’t Really That Valuable (cont’d)

President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden celebrate at their election-night victory rally in Chicago, Ill., November 6, 2012. (Jim Bourg/Reuters)
Battleground states have decided many presidents’ reelection campaigns, for good and ill.

NRPLUS MEMBER ARTICLE E lsewhere today I explore the overall trends in reelection campaigns of incumbent presidents. Here are charts summarizing the battleground states for each such election, beginning with 1832, the first year for which adequate popular-vote totals are available. States in purple were flipped to the incumbent, those in light green were flipped by the challenger away from the incumbent.

1832: Andrew Jackson

Jackson lost major ground in Kentucky, the home state of his opponent, Henry Clay, but gained overall due to significant improvements in New England as his opponents were no longer running an Adams, while Jackson replaced John C. Calhoun with New

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