NRPLUS MEMBER ARTICLE S teve Jobs had always wanted to make Apple computers in America and even across the First World. He tried to build a manufacturing plant for Apple in Silicon Valley itself. Then he tried again with NeXT computers. Jobs was fascinated with Henry Ford and with the ascendant Japanese manufacturing process. But these efforts were failures, and when he returned to Apple in 1997, Jobs brought on Tim Cook, a supply-chains expert who mastered the ability to outsource and subcontract the manufacturing process, taking full advantage of “both low-cost labor and lax environmental regulations,” according to the New York Times.