Bench Memos

Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin

I’ll be interested in what Roger Clegg and other experts on race preferences have to say, but my initial read is that today’s ruling in Fisher v. UT Austin doesn’t amount to much and largely punts the bigger questions down the road. [Addendum: On the Volokh Conspiracy, Ilya Somin argues that today’s ruling is a “significant victory for opponents of affirmative action in higher education” and that it is, at the least, “at odds with the dominant understanding of Grutter by most lower court judges, university administrators, and legal scholars.” And here is Roger Clegg’s take.]

Here is a quick summary of Justice Kennedy’s majority opinion (for seven justices):

1. Any official action that treats a person differently on account of his race or ethnic origin is inherently suspect and subject to strict scrutiny.

2. Under Grutter, courts will defer to a university’s educational judgment that the attainment of a racially/ethnically diverse student body is essential to its educational mission.

3. Under Grutter, a university must prove that the means it chooses to attain diversity are narrowly tailored to that goal. It receives no deference on that question. Narrow tailoring also requires that a reviewing court verify that it is “necessary” for a university to use race to achieve the educational benefits of diversity. A court must carefully inquire whether a university could achieve sufficient diversity without using racial classifications.

4. The Fifth Circuit did not perform the searching examination required of it. Instead, it held that the plaintiff could challenge only whether the university’s decision to reintroduce race as a factor was made in good faith. Further, it established a presumption that the university’s decision was in good faith, and it required plaintiff to rebut that presumption. But good faith does not forgive an impermissible consideration of race.

5. On remand, the courts below should apply the appropriate standard.

In concurring opinions, Justice Scalia and Justice Thomas reiterated their views that Grutter should be overruled.

In a brief dissent, Justice Ginsburg approves of the Fifth Circuit’s application of Grutter.

Justice Kagan was recused from the case.

Most Popular

Elections

The Georgia Smear

Back in 2016, when Trump refused to say he’d necessarily accept the result if he lost, we were told that this was a terrible violation of democratic norms. Now, refusing to accept that you lost an election is the highest form of patriotism. Not only are the media and the Left not pressuring Stacey Abrams to ... Read More
PC Culture

The Lonely Mob

Just before the election, an Andrew Gillum intern named Shelby Shoup was arrested and charged with battery after assaulting some college Republicans on the campus of Florida State University. It was rather less exciting than that sounds: She went on a rant about “Nazis” and “fascism” — Gillum’s ... Read More
World

How Immigration Changes Britain

Almost nothing is discussed as badly in America or Europe as the subject of immigration. And one reason is that it remains almost impossible to have any sensible or rational public discussion of its consequences. Or rather it is eminently possible to have a discussion about the upsides (“diversity,” talent, ... Read More
Elections

Sorry, Brian Kemp Still Won

Here was the state of play as of yesterday per the Kemp campaign’s breakdown of publicly available information: As of Saturday, November 10, 2018 (12:00 p.m.) *Information below is public.  Total votes reported: 3,924,658 Kemp: 1,975,162 (50.33%) Abrams: 1,912,383 (48.73%) Metz: ... Read More