The Corner

Elections

Get Ready for Many, Many Hours of Democratic Presidential-Primary Debates

Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand talks to the media after announcing that she is forming an exploratory committee to enter the 2020 presidential race in Sioux City, Iowa, January 18, 2019. (Scott Morgan/Reuters)

Right now, the Democratic presidential field includes nine declared candidates: New Jersey Senator Cory Booker, South Bend mayor Pete Buttigieg, former HUD secretary Julian Castro, Maryland Representative John Delaney, Hawaii Representative Tulsi Gabbard, New York Senator Kirsten Gillibrand, California Senator Kamala Harris, Minnesota Senator Amy Klobuchar, and Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren.

In the coming weeks and months, the field may grow to include former vice president Joe Biden, former New York City mayor Mike Bloomberg, Ohio senator Sherrod Brown, former Colorado governor John Hickenlooper, Washington governor Jay Inslee, former Virginia governor Terry McAuliffe, former attorney general Eric Holder, Massachusetts representative Seth Moulton, former Texas representative Beto O’Rourke, Ohio representative Tim Ryan, and Vermont senator Bernie Sanders.

That would be another eleven, and there may be other lesser known — even lesser known? — figures in the party contemplating a campaign.

Today the Democratic National Committee set out the rules for participation in the first two primary debates, which will be held in June and July. (MSNBC will air the first one, CNN the second one.) The party expects to hold each debate over two nights, splitting the candidates into two groups — no earlier-in-the-evening “undercard” debate like the Republicans had in 2016.

To qualify for the debate, a presidential candidate must reach one percent in three separate polls of either the national or one of the early nominating states of Iowa, New Hampshire, South Carolina, or Nevada. Even if a candidate can’t reach that low polling threshold, they can still qualify by having 65,000 donors, with at least 200 donors in 20 states. They set out a system of tiebreakers if more than 20 candidates meet this criteria.

There aren’t many good options when you have 20 or so candidates, but Democrats have put together a formula for chaos. Assuming each night has ten candidates, a two-hour debate will leave each candidate with twelve minutes, and that’s not accounting for time for introductions, questions, and audience responses such as laughter or applause. (Candidates’ inability to resist the temptation to go for slogans or hackneyed applause lines is one reason debate organizers should contemplate not having audience.) If you limit each candidate to three minutes to answer a question, one quarter of the debate will pass before you move on to the second question.

There is an option to give candidates more time, which is to (groan) let the debates go longer than two hours, maybe running three hours. The September 16, 2015 Republican presidential-primary debate ran more than three hours. Right now, each debate would be at least four hours spread over two nights; by July, we will have eight hours of Democrats debating each other. If the debates are three hours long, by July we will have twelve hours of debates.

Debates very much suffer from the tragedy of the commons — what’s best for each individual candidate is not best for the group as a whole. Candidates will desperately want a memorable “YouTube moment,” and they’ll know one of the ways to generate one is through confrontation or interrupting another candidate’s answer. Putting ten people on a stage only increases the pressure to stand out from a sizable crowd of candidates. (When the moderator says, “Senator,” half the people on stage will respond, “Yes?”)

Something to Consider

If you enjoyed this article, we have a proposition for you: Join NRPLUS. Members get all of our content (including the magazine), no paywalls or content meters, an advertising-minimal experience, and unique access to our writers and editors (conference calls, social-media groups, etc.). And importantly, NRPLUS members help keep NR going. Consider it?

If you enjoyed this article, and were stimulated by its contents, we have a proposition for you: Join NRPLUS.

LEARN MORE

Most Popular

Politics & Policy

Against Trump

Donald Trump leads the polls nationally and in most states in the race for the Republican presidential nomination. There are understandable reasons for his eminence, and he has shown impressive gut-level skill as a campaigner. But he is not deserving of conservative support in the caucuses and primaries. Trump is ... Read More
Politics & Policy

Against Trump

Donald Trump leads the polls nationally and in most states in the race for the Republican presidential nomination. There are understandable reasons for his eminence, and he has shown impressive gut-level skill as a campaigner. But he is not deserving of conservative support in the caucuses and primaries. Trump is ... Read More
U.S.

The Worrisome Decline of Patriotism in America

Independence Day is a time to celebrate our country, but with patriotic sentiment at perhaps an all-time low, this year’s holiday is also an opportunity for us to remember how excruciatingly lucky we are to be American citizens. With nothing but bad news filling our screens in recent months, love of country has ... Read More
U.S.

The Worrisome Decline of Patriotism in America

Independence Day is a time to celebrate our country, but with patriotic sentiment at perhaps an all-time low, this year’s holiday is also an opportunity for us to remember how excruciatingly lucky we are to be American citizens. With nothing but bad news filling our screens in recent months, love of country has ... Read More
Music

The All-American Glory of Yacht Rock

They say jazz is America’s musical signature: As Ken Burns wrote, “the genius of America is improvisation, our unique experiment a profound intersection of freedom and creativity. . . . Nowhere is this more apparent than in jazz — the only art form created by Americans, an enduring and indelible expression ... Read More
Music

The All-American Glory of Yacht Rock

They say jazz is America’s musical signature: As Ken Burns wrote, “the genius of America is improvisation, our unique experiment a profound intersection of freedom and creativity. . . . Nowhere is this more apparent than in jazz — the only art form created by Americans, an enduring and indelible expression ... Read More

Hamilton on the Wrong Side of Cinema

Disney’s presentation of the Broadway blockbuster Hamilton marks a curious cultural turning point: The most heralded production in recent Broadway history has not been adapted into a movie — it’s a digital video recording of a 2016 stage performance — because it has to live up to its hype as an exclusive ... Read More

Hamilton on the Wrong Side of Cinema

Disney’s presentation of the Broadway blockbuster Hamilton marks a curious cultural turning point: The most heralded production in recent Broadway history has not been adapted into a movie — it’s a digital video recording of a 2016 stage performance — because it has to live up to its hype as an exclusive ... Read More