The Corner

Education

Asians at Harvard and the Manipulation of Statistics

A student and parent pass Widener Library’s banners before Harvard University’s Class Day Exercises in Cambridge, Mass., May 27, 2015. (Dominick Reuter/Reuters )

As Jason Richwine noted yesterday, Harvard is being sued for discriminating against Asian applicants, and it’s defending itself by claiming that Asian applicants score lower on non-academic measures — measures that Harvard is almost forced to use because so many applicants have perfect scores. As Richwine explains, while many applicants do have perfect math scores or perfect verbal scores or perfect GPAs, it’s unlikely very many have perfect scores across all the different measures. Harvard is using non-academic criteria by choice, which of course is not illegal but raises the question of whether the criteria themselves are being selected with the goal of engineering a certain racial balance.

Another aspect of the case I find fascinating, though, is a battle royale between the economists David Card (handling data analysis for Harvard) and Peter Arcidiacono (for the plaintiffs). Both have submitted reports in the case (here and here) as well as responses to each other’s reports (here and here) analyzing whether, all else equal, Asians are less likely to be admitted than whites. It’s a pretty striking illustration of how researchers can make statistical results appear and disappear by subtly changing the way they crunch the numbers.

To me, in terms of simple facts, the most damning evidence against Harvard actually comes from Card’s own report. Asian applicants outperform whites academically and in terms of extracurriculars; where they actually fall behind is in athletics and an amorphous “personal” category that the plaintiffs say is biased in itself. (As the New York Times puts it, this measures “traits like ‘positive personality,’ likability, courage, kindness and being ‘widely respected,’” and Asians tend to get lower ratings.)

Card claims his statistical model accurately predicts Harvard’s admissions decisions and produces no evidence of bias; he alleges Arcidiacono’s model leaves out crucial control variables. Arcidiacono says that, actually, it’s Card’s model that isn’t set up correctly — e.g., it includes applicants who were shoo-ins on the basis of donor parents and athletics or sure rejections because they fell far short of Harvard material, fails to account for “interactions” between racial and economic preferences, and includes that controversial “personal” category.

This is par for the course in terms of academic debates. It’s just that a lawsuit hangs in the balance this time.

Most Popular

Film & TV

A Film for All Christians

‘The growing good of the world is partly dependent on unhistoric acts,” wrote George Eliot in Middlemarch, “and that things are not so ill with you and me as they might have been, is half owing to the number who lived faithfully a hidden life, and rest in unvisited tombs.” The passage provides the title ... Read More
Film & TV

A Film for All Christians

‘The growing good of the world is partly dependent on unhistoric acts,” wrote George Eliot in Middlemarch, “and that things are not so ill with you and me as they might have been, is half owing to the number who lived faithfully a hidden life, and rest in unvisited tombs.” The passage provides the title ... Read More
Law & the Courts

The FBI’s Corrupt Cops

White-collar criminals should hope for one thing this Christmas: that they get to live under the Horowitz rules. Michael Horowitz has testified that he found no evidence of political bias on the part of the decision makers who, under the Obama administration, relied on hilariously implausible “evidence” ... Read More
Law & the Courts

The FBI’s Corrupt Cops

White-collar criminals should hope for one thing this Christmas: that they get to live under the Horowitz rules. Michael Horowitz has testified that he found no evidence of political bias on the part of the decision makers who, under the Obama administration, relied on hilariously implausible “evidence” ... Read More
Elections

An Election Too Important to Be Left to Voters

The Democrats believe that the 2020 election is too important to be left to the voters. It’s obvious that President Donald Trump withheld defense aid to Ukraine to pressure its president to commit to the investigations that he wanted, an improper use of his power that should rightly be the focus of ... Read More
Elections

An Election Too Important to Be Left to Voters

The Democrats believe that the 2020 election is too important to be left to the voters. It’s obvious that President Donald Trump withheld defense aid to Ukraine to pressure its president to commit to the investigations that he wanted, an improper use of his power that should rightly be the focus of ... Read More