In 1990, at Harvard Law School, Barack Obama wrote a pretty interesting letter, which you can read here. Toward the end, he says,
I’d also like to add one personal note, in response to the letter from Mr. Jim Chen which was published in the October 26 issue of the RECORD, and which articulated broad objections to the Review’s general affirmative action policy. I respect Mr. Chen’s personal concern over the possible stigmatizing effects of affirmative action, and do not question the depth or sincerity of his feelings. I must say, however, that as someone who has undoubtedly benefited from affirmative action programs during my academic career, and as someone who may have benefited from the Law Review’s affirmative action policy when I was selected to join the Review last year, I have not personally felt stigmatized either within the broader law school community or as a staff member of the Review.
Well, that’s very nice. But many others have felt, and given testimony about, horrible stigmatizing effects. And this debate will probably continue until kingdom come.