Human Exceptionalism

Anti-Disabled Peter Singer Pushes Health Care Rationing in the New York Times Magazine

You would think that an ultra liberal newspaper like the New York Times–which claims to believe in human equalitywould look askance at an advocate who argues that parents should be allowed to murder their babies if the child does not suit the interests of the family. Illustrating how off the rails contemporary liberalism has become, the Times loves Peter Singer.

But to the point: In this installment of his ongoing campaign to dismantle human exceptionalism and instill utilitarianism as the foundational value of society, Singer pushes health care rationing.  In the process, he shows how the “quality of life ethic” that he endorses would discriminate against the ill, the elderly, and people with disabilities.  From “Why We Must Ration Health Care:”

Some will object that this discriminates against people with disabilities. If we return to the hypothetical assumption that a year with quadriplegia is valued at only half as much as a year without it, then a treatment that extends the lives of people without disabilities will be seen as providing twice the value of one that extends, for a similar period, the lives of quadriplegics. That clashes with the idea that all human lives are of equal value. The problem, however, does not lie with the concept of the quality-adjusted life-year, but with the judgment that, if faced with 10 years as a quadriplegic, one would prefer a shorter lifespan without a disability. Disability advocates might argue that such judgments, made by people without disabilities, merely reflect the ignorance and prejudice of people without disabilities when they think about people with disabilities. We should, they will very reasonably say, ask quadriplegics themselves to evaluate life with quadriplegia. If we do that, and we find that quadriplegics would not give up even one year of life as a quadriplegic in order to have their disability cured, then the QALY method does not justify giving preference to procedures that extend the lives of people without disabilities over procedures that extend the lives of people with disabilities.

This method of preserving our belief that everyone has an equal right to life is, however, a double-edged sword. If life with quadriplegia is as good as life without it, there is no health benefit to be gained by curing it. [Me: Sophistry alert!] That implication, no doubt, would have been vigorously rejected by someone like Christopher Reeve, who, after being paralyzed in an accident, campaigned for more research into ways of overcoming spinal-cord injuries. Disability advocates, it seems, are forced to choose between insisting that extending their lives is just as important as extending the lives of people without disabilities, and seeking public support for research into a cure for their condition.

But the two concepts aren’t at all inconsistent and hence, no such choice is necessary.  Singer is merely conflating whether one would prefer to not be disabled with the intrinsic equal value of the lives of people with disabilities, as if both positions cannot be held at the same time.  Using Reeve, there is no question he wanted to walk again.  But that doesn’t mean that his life had less value because he couldn’t.

And here’s a scary thought: Rationing would put bioethicists of the ilk of Peter Singer in charge of who received or did not receive wanted care. If that doesn’t turn you off the rationing agenda, what will?

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