The Limits of Proportional Representation
One must wrestle with two related issues when discussing gerrymandering:
(1) If a state is divided 60–40 between Party A and Party B, and its ten neatly drawn districts each have the 60–40 split, is it desirable for that state’s congressional delegation to have zero members of Party B, four, or somewhere in between? If the answer is zero, then gerrymandering is wrong.
(2) If another state with a population deserving ten districts is divided 90–10 between Party A and Party B, and there are four groups of like-minded Party B people each with 2.5 percent of the