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Present at the Creation
Origins: How the Nine Months Before Birth Shape the Rest of Our Lives, by Annie Murphy Paul (Free Press, 320 pp., $26)


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Just as our taste buds and metabolism are developing in utero, so too are our responses to stress. Recent studies of pregnant women with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) show that there is a “transgenerational transmission of PTSD risk.” Even after controlling for early-childhood experience and parenting, the evidence suggests that susceptibility to PTSD is passed down from mother to child in the womb. Likewise, various forms of depression, anxiety, and mood disorders affect the developing child. Doctors are finding that “a pregnant woman’s emotional state can influence the fetus’s developing brain and nervous system, potentially shaping the way the offspring will experience and manage its own emotions.” While Paul makes clear that she is no determinist — “prenatal experience doesn’t force the individual down a particular path; at most, it points us in a general direction, and we can take another route if we choose” — she is equally clear that our personalities begin to form remarkably early, and much hinges on the mother.

Paul encourages people to reach out to assist pregnant women, especially during times of personal crisis and national emergency (research from 9/11 pregnancies shows the impact of crisis on the unborn). She quotes one researcher: “Historically, people knew that it was a good idea to take special care of pregnant women. But in modern times, we’ve forgotten that.” While she cautions against going too far and treating women as invalids, Paul urges all to realize that “pregnancy and childrearing do make us more dependent on others.” This statement is typical, as she is nuanced in her discussion of the various influences on unborn life and what we should do about them.


Contents
January 24, 2011    |     Volume LXIII, No. 1

Articles
  • Evicting the president in 2012 will not be easy.
  • Strategy and tactics for the new House majority.
  • Our economy and culture would benefit from its remembrance.
  • The Khodorkovsky trial exposes the ugly truth of Putin’s Russia.
  • In memoriam.
Features
Books, Arts & Manners
  • Glenn Harlan Reynolds reviews Gray Lady Down: What the Decline and Fall of the New York Times Means for America, by William McGowan.
  • Claire Berlinski reviews The Arab Lobby: The Invisible Alliance that Undermines America’s Interests in the Middle East, by Mitchell Bard.
  • Helen Rittelmeyer reviews Pathology of the Elites: How the Arrogant Classes Plan to Run Your Life, by Michael Knox Beran.
  • Ryan T. Anderson reviews Origins: How the Nine Months Before Birth Shape the Rest of Our Lives, by Annie Murphy Paul.
  • Ross Douthat reviews The King's Speech and True Grit.
  • John Derbyshire fills a hole.
Sections
The Long View  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  
Athwart  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  
Poetry  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  
Editorial  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .